2020年11月13日星期五

hemorrhoids essential oils,The Application of Classical Prescriptions in Digestive System Diseases

    Author: Feng Hardware

    Jingfang refers to the prescriptions recorded in "Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases" written by Zhang Zhongjing in the Han Dynasty (later divided into "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" and "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber"). It is relative to the time that appeared after Song and Yuan. Among them, "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" contains 113 prescriptions, and "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" contains 262 prescriptions, excluding duplicates, a total of 178 prescriptions and 151 medicines. Jingfang is "the ancestor of medical prescriptions" and praises Zhang Zhongjing as "medical saint". Traditional Chinese medicine experts in ancient and modern times, both at home and abroad, often use Jingfang as the mother prescription, and cut out a series of prescriptions based on the principle of syndrome differentiation. The characteristics of Jingfang can be summarized as "universal, simple, clean and effective".

    Peptic ulcer

    1 Overview

    Peptic ulcer refers to ulcer disease that occurs in the upper digestive tract and is related to the digestive action of gastric acid/pepsin. It can also occur in the vicinity of the gastro-jejunal anastomosis and in the Meckel room containing gastric mucosa. Traditional Chinese medicine's discussion on this disease is scattered in "stomachache", "suffocation syndrome" and "heartache".

    2 Jingfang application

    2.1 Huangqi Jianzhong Decoction

    Astragalus Jianzhong Decoction was first seen in the article "Golden Chamber·Xuebi Deficiency and Exertion Syndrome Treatment": "Deficiency and deficiency are urgent and various deficiencies, Huangqi Jianzhong Decoction is the master". Medicinal astragalus, cinnamon twig, peony, caramel, licorice, ginger, jujube. The whole prescription builds up deficiency, reconciles yin and yang, relieves emergency and relieves pain. It is a good prescription for treating yin and yang deficiency and cold-heat complex syndrome caused by weakness of spleen and stomach.

    Huangqi Jianzhong Decoction is known for its treatment of digestive system diseases. It has a positive effect on patients with duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer, gastritis, etc., which are caused by spleen and stomach deficiency and cold. He et al. used Huangqi Jianzhong Decoction as the main treatment for 45 cases of peptic ulcer. After taking the medicine for 2 weeks, 41 cases of conscious symptoms disappeared, the effective rate was 91%, and 36 cases had healed by gastroscopy. Lu et al. used Huangqi Jianzhong Decoction combined with omeprazole in the treatment of 67 cases of duodenal ulcer. Compared with the treatment with omeprazole alone, the healing rates of the two groups were 94.2% and 75.1% after taking the medicine for 2 weeks. , The difference is significant. Zhou used Huangqi Jianzhong Decoction and Zuojin Pill to treat 45 cases of peptic ulcer. After taking the medicine for 1 month, 39 cases were cured, 5 cases were effective, and the total effective rate was 97.7%.

    2.2 Peony and Licorice Soup

    Shaoyao Gancao Decoction series "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" is designed for foot spasms caused by accidental sweating and yin blood, but the clinical application is not limited to this, and can be extended to clinical diseases. Shaoyao Gancao Decoction is composed of white peony root and licorice. Modern pharmacological research believes that licorice has the effect of sedation and inhibition of peripheral nerves. It can directly act on smooth muscle and skeletal muscle to relax and eliminate contractions. White peony has a calming effect on the pain center and spinal cord reflex arch. It is widely used in compatibility with other prescriptions. Pain in various clinical departments. However, it should be noted in the application that this prescription should be used in large doses when it exerts its emergency and analgesic effects. The white peony can be used up to 30-60g, and the licorice can be used up to 15-30g.

    Shaoyao Gancao Decoction has the functions of invigorating deficiency and restraining yin, relieving emergency and relieving pain, inhibiting gastric acid secretion, reducing smooth muscle tension, inhibiting gastrointestinal motility and calming central pain. Therefore, the basic prescription can be used to treat peptic ulcers. Good results. Spleen and stomach deficiency-cold type with Codonopsis, Astragalus, Poria, Dried ginger; Stomach-yin deficiency type with Adenophora, Ophiopogon, Angelica, Radix Rehmanniae; Qi stagnation and blood stasis type with Frankincense, Myrrh, Danshen, Chuanxiong; Liver-stomach discord type Add Bupleurum, Atractylodes, Tangerine Peel, Poria.

    2.3 Banxia Xiexin Soup

    Banxia Xiexin Decoction is derived from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" written by the medical sage Zhang Zhongjing. It is a representative prescription for the treatment of "heart spleen". It is used to treat spleen and stomach insufficiency, cold and heat complex, unfavorable qi machine in the middle coke, and abnormal rise and fall of cold and heat. See also in "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", "The person who vomits and the bowels are irritated, the master of Banxia Xiexintang". The latter clause is a specific supplement to the former. The two have the same pathogenesis, that is, the spleen and the stomach are weak with Yang Qi, cold and heat are mutually condensed, the middle focal point is blocked, and the ups and downs are disordered. Banxia Xiexin Decoction is composed of seven traditional Chinese medicines of Pinellia, dried ginger, coptis, scutellaria, ginseng, jujube, and licorice. The prescription is rigorous and well-documented, refined and decent, and contains the basic dialectical thinking law of Zhongjing's treatment of spleen and stomach diseases.

    "Chinese Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported the use of Banxia Xiexin Decoction to treat 81 cases of peptic ulcer, medicinal Pinellia, scutellaria, woody, angelica, Citrus aurantium, betel nut, paojiang, licorice each 10g, Coptis 6g, Sichuan 15g each of Neem Seed, Yuanhu, Squid Bone, and Codonopsis, 20g each of White Peony Root and Calcined Corrugated Seed

    Commonly used additions and subtractions: Stomach pain plus Asarum 3g, Cassia twig 10g, Tianqi powder 5g (infusion), to dispel cold from the middle, promote blood circulation and relieve pain; add Jiaoshanzhi 10g, Zhuru 10g, Evodia 3g, etc. , To relieve bitterness; For those with irritation, hiccups, and belching, add 25g of ocher and 30g of fried raisins to reduce stomach and remove lumps and stop swelling; for loose stools or diarrhea, add 30g of yam, 15g of red stone fat, Tianqi Powder 5g (blended) to stop bleeding with astringent blood. 14 days is a course of treatment, usually 2 to 5 courses.

    Treatment results: 81 patients were cured, 58 patients accounted for 70%, improved 21 patients accounted for 26%, 2 patients failed accounted for 3%, and the total effective rate was 97%.

    2.4 Chaihu plus keel oyster soup

    The Chaihu plus Longgumuli Decoction is designed by Zhongjing for eight days of typhoid fever, and misuse to capture the mutagenic syndrome. The prescriptions are: Bupleurum four-two, scutellaria, ginger, plumbum, ginseng, cassia twig, and poria cocos each one and two and a half. Two halves of pinellia, two to two rhubarb, one and two halves of oyster and keel, six jujubes. The main clinical manifestations of this syndrome are "the chest is full of fright, the urination is difficult, the delirium, the whole body is heavy, and the side cannot be turned"; the pathogens are invaginated, diffuse throughout the body, diseased both on the outside and the inside, the deficiency and reality are mixed, and at least the yang cardinal is not good. Pathogenesis. Studies have proved that Chaihu plus Longgu Muli Decoction has strong antispasmodic and calming effects. Using this prescription to treat peptic ulcer, the effect is satisfactory.

    It has been reported that 39 cases of peptic ulcer were treated with Chaihu plus Longgumuli Decoction. Basic prescriptions: Bupleurum 12g, Scutellaria baicalensis 10g, French Pinellia 10g, Poria 15g, Codonopsis 12g, Guizhi 10g, Rhubarb 5g, Keel 30g, Oyster 30g, Ginger 10g, Jujube 15g.

    In clinical use, add white peony root and roasted licorice to relieve the pain, and if the pain is more severe, add Chuanzhong and Corydalis; if the pain is more severe, go to rhubarb, stir-fry Atractylodes, dried ginger; if the stomach yin deficiency is obvious Add Adenophora, Ophiopogon, Dendrobium; add Salvia miltiorrhiza and Wulingzhi for long-term pain and blood stasis; add corrugated seeds and cuttlefish bone for those with hyperacidity; add Xuanfuhua and substitute ocher for those with frequent belching; relieve black stool or For those with fecal occult blood test, add Baiji and Diyu charcoal, 1 dose a day, decoction 2 times, 4 weeks as a course of treatment. During the treatment, avoid drinking alcohol and foods that are irritated by cold, sour and hot.

    Treatment results: Among 39 cases in this group, 24 cases were clinically cured (61.5%), 8 cases were markedly effective (20.51%), 5 cases were effective (12.82%), and 2 cases were ineffective (5.13%).

    2.5 Richu Maru

    Lizhongwan comes from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" and consists of three or two (9g each) of ginseng, dried ginger, roasted licorice, and atractylodes.

    Pound sieve, honey and pill, warm or change into decoction, decoction. In the Treatise on Febrile Diseases, it is the main prescription for treating abdominal pain in Taiyin disease and xiali.

    This prescription has the effect of promoting the healing of experimental gastric ulcer, and it has a positive effect on peptic ulcer (gastric pain due to deficiency and cold).

    There are many clinical reports on the treatment of epigastric pain caused by deficiency and cold with Lizhong Decoction, including ulcer disease, superficial gastritis and many other diseases. Lang's Yilizhong Decoction plus Astragalus, Chenpi, Poria, Caokou, etc. treat 30 cases of gastric pain due to deficiency and cold, 5 cases of gastric pain disappeared within one month, 20 cases of gastric pain disappeared within three months, and the other 5 cases of gastric pain were also different Degree of reduction. Clinical addition and subtraction: Aconite and cinnamon can be added for cold and prosperous patients, astragalus can be added for those with Qi deficiency, and Danshen can be added for those with blood stasis.

    2.6 Xiaojianzhong Soup

    Xiaojianzhong Decoction is Zhongjing's famous recipe. The whole recipe is composed of cassia twig, white peony root, roasted licorice, ginger, jujube, and caramel. There are many expositions in "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". Article 102 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases · Differentiation and Treatment of Sun Disease and Pulse Syndrome" says: "Typhoid fever, astringent yang pulse, stringy yin pulse, and acute abdominal pain. "." Article 105 said: "On the second or third day of typhoid fever, those who feel palpitations and annoyances are the master of Xiaojianzhong Decoction." Looking at all the articles, "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" discusses the use of Xiaojianzhong Decoction to treat acute abdominal pain, palpitations and annoyance. Although it is designed for exogenous feelings, its pathogenesis is due to deficiency and coldness in the middle Jiao, insufficient health care, and feelings of the evil of Shaoyang.

    Shutong et al. treat patients with duodenal ulcer, syndrome differentiation of spleen-stomach deficiency and coldness, and strong liver wood, add wood incense, Amomum villosum to this prescription, stomach pain has stopped after taking 6 doses, appetite increased and healed. Zhao Meilan et al. treat gastroduodenal ulcers. Patients with syndrome differentiation of deficiency and coldness of the middle Jiao should be treated with the original prescription of this prescription; patients with syndrome differentiation of Yin deficiency and fire prosperous, although it should be a contraindication of this prescription, the author uses Guizhi and ginger Reduce the amount, remove the caramel, reduce the coptis to make its pungent temperature, and add cuttlefish bone to accelerate the wound healing. The pain can be relieved after 5 doses.

    2.7 Huanglian Soup

    Huanglian Decoction comes from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" and is Zhongjing's famous prescription for treating cold and heat. Said: "Typhoid fever, heat in the chest, evil in the stomach, pain in the abdomen, and vomiting, Huanglian Decoction is the main one." The prescription is composed of Coptis, Licorice, Guizhi, Ginseng, Pinellia and Jujube. According to its effect of clearing upper temperature and lowering temperature, harmonizing stomach and reducing adverse effects, it can treat various gastrointestinal diseases with satisfactory curative effect.

    The First Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province randomly divided 100 selected patients into 2 groups with 50 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated with Huanglian Decoction (Coptis, dried ginger, Pinellia ternata, Guizhi, Codonopsis, Zhigancao, Jujube) plus or minus, and the control group was treated with pectin bismuth capsules plus domperidone, and a course of treatment was 30 days. Observe the improvement of clinical symptoms and determine the efficacy of gastroscopy.

    Results: The clinical symptoms of the two groups were significantly improved. Except for pantothenic acid and melena, the improvement of other symptoms in the treatment group was better than that of the control group, and the difference was significant (P<0.05). The total effective rate of gastric mucosal improvement under gastroscopy in the two groups was 94% in the treatment group and 72% in the control group. The difference between the two groups was significant (P<0.05).

    Conclusion: Huanglian Decoction is one of the effective prescriptions for treating peptic ulcer.

    2.8 Rhubarb Huanglian Xiexin Soup

    In "Treatise on Febrile Diseases", Rhubarb Huanglian Xiexin Decoction is used to treat "pumpling under the heart, press the moist" with hemp boiling decoction and warm it. In order to take the light to lift the qi, to clear away the invisible evil heat in the middle coke and the heavy turbidity of its taste, and prevent the disadvantages of going straight down to ruin the stomach, and treat the "hot-qi riffles" where the heat is in the gas, the occlusion of the gas machine in the middle coke and the abnormal rise and fall. . The prescription consists of two medicines: Rhubarb and Coptidis, and it is mainly used to treat the invisible evil heat gathering in the heart.

    Using Rhubarb Huanglian Xiexin Decoction to treat gastric ulcer, bile reflux gastritis, and atrophic gastritis can receive good results.

    It has also been reported that 68 cases of HP-related gastric diseases were treated with this formula, 26 cases were cured, 37 cases improved, and 5 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate was 91.38%. Combined with modern medicine, rhubarb and coptis can eliminate and kill Helicobacter pylori, reduce gastric acid secretion, reduce gastric free acid and pepsin activity, strengthen gastric mucosal barrier, and help eliminate inflammation and heal.

    Reflux esophagitis

    1 Overview

    Reflux esophagitis refers to the inflammation, erosion, ulcer and fibrosis of the esophageal mucosa caused by the reflux of the contents of the stomach and (or) duodenum into the esophagus. It belongs to gastroesophageal reflux disease. Traditional Chinese medicine's understanding of this disease is mainly found in "tun acid" and "noisy".

    2 Jingfang application

    2.1 Bamboo Leaf Gypsum Soup

    Bamboo leaf gypsum soup can be found in Article 397 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases": "After the typhoid fever is relieved, the deficiency of qi (léi) will be less qi, the qi will be vomiting, and the bamboo leaf gypsum soup will be the main ingredient." The original recipe consists of bamboo leaves, gypsum, pinellia and wheat. It is composed of asparagus, ginseng, roasted licorice and japonica rice. In the prescription, bamboo leaves and gypsum are used to clear away heat and eliminate troubles to eliminate heat evil; ginseng, Ophiopogon japonicus to nourish qi and promote body fluid to replenish deficiency; licorice, japonica rice and middle nourish the stomach, Pinellia can relieve vomiting.

    In the clinical application of Zhuye Shishitang decoction to treat reflux esophagitis, it can effectively relieve the symptoms of acid reflux, heartburn, chest pain, etc., and the treatment cost is economical, which is worthy of clinical application.

    Basic prescription: 20g of raw gypsum, 15g of bamboo leaves, 12g of Pinellia ternata, 30g of ginseng, 15g of Ophiopogon japonicus, 20g of calcined corrugated corrugated, 30g of gramin, 15g of white and coptis 5g.

    With the addition and subtraction of the syndrome: those with deficiency of qi and shortness of breath and fatigue, add astragalus to invigorate qi; for those with depression of qi and emotional discomfort, add chaihu to relieve the liver and relieve depression; stomach fullness, especially in the afternoon, Add woody fragrance, Magnolia officinalis can promote qi dehumidification, and aromatize turbidity; for those with stomachache and aversion to cold and warmth, add woody fragrance, Cyperus rot, ginger to dispel cold, regulate qi and relieve pain.

    2.2 Tangerine Peel Bamboo Ru Soup

    Tangerine Peel Zhuru Decoction is a famous prescription for the treatment of hiccups or retching in "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber". The composition of the prescription is two liters (12g) each of orange peel and Zhuru, half a catty of ginger (9 g), and five licorice roots. Two (6g), one or two (3g) ginseng, thirty (5) jujubes, (the dose in brackets above is the current consumption of traditional Chinese medicine decoction) has clear but not cold, warm but not dry, nourishing but not stagnant, The efficacy and characteristics of the medicinal calmness.

    Heilongjiang Daqing City Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine treated 69 cases of reflux esophagitis. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. 34 cases in group A were treated with Jupi Zhuru Decoction (Chinese medicine group), and 35 cases in group B were treated with metoclopramide and cimetidine Guanidine (Western medicine group) treatment. Re-check the gastroscope after 2 weeks to observe the improvement of the disease.

    Treatment method: The traditional Chinese medicine group was given orange peel Zhuru decoction: 20g orange peel and Zhuru each, 5 jujubes, 15g codonopsis, ginger each 15g, licorice 10g. Decoction in water twice a day. In the western medicine group, metoclopramide was taken orally 3 times a day, and cimetidine 200 mg was taken 4 times a day.

    Results: The total effective rate of the Chinese medicine group (88.2%) was significantly higher than that of the western medicine group (65.7%).

    2.3 Gardenia Soup

    The Zhizi Soy Decoction comes from the Taiyang and Yangming chapters of Treatise on Febrile Diseases. This recipe is designed for sweating, vomiting, and heat disturbing the thoracic diaphragm after getting down. It is composed of gardenia and tempeh. In the prescription, the gardenia is used to clear the depression and heat, which can relieve depression and troubles and lead the fire down. The tempeh has a light odor, which can not only clear the surface and promote heat, but also reduce stomach qi. The two medicines are compatible with each other, and there is Xuan in Jiangzhong, and Xuanzhong has Jiang, which is a good prescription for clearing chest and diaphragm stagnation heat.

    Fuzhou Children's Hospital divided a total of 184 patients from the outpatient clinic from March 1995 to October 2003 into treatment group and control group. They were given Zhizilai Decoction and Omeprazole, respectively, and compared their curative effects and changes in symptoms and signs.

    The treatment group was supplemented with Zhizizhitang, namely 10g each of gardenia, light tempeh, and salvia, 15g dandelion, and tuckahoe, decocted in a small amount of medicinal liquid frequently, 1 dose a day for 1 month. The control group was given omeprazole at 1 mg/kg per day in 2 doses. After 1 week, it was changed to 0.5 mg/kg per day, once for 2 months. Results: The curative effect of heartburn and acid reflux in the treatment group was significantly better than that in the control group (P<0.05).

    2.4 Xuanfu Daizhe Soup

    Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction comes from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". It is composed of three liang of Xuanfuhua, two liang of ginseng, five liang of ginger, one or two ocher of generation, half a rise of pinellia, and twelve jujubes. , After the solution, the heart is hard, and the anger is not removed."

    In the prescription, ginseng and licorice nourish and invigorate deficiency, ginger and jujube invigorate the spleen and stomach, stabilize the central state, replace the ocher to converge and suppress the inverse, inspire the flower to reduce the qi to purify the drink, and the pinellia (juān) to drink on it. Turbidity, lowering pimple and hardness can be eliminated, and clearing and rising of qi can be eliminated, so Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction can be used to treat reflux esophagitis.

    "Practical Chinese Medicine" magazine reported that 50 cases of reflux esophagitis were treated with Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction. Recipe: 10g inula, 30g ocher, 3 pieces of ginger, 9g pinellia, 6g each of ginseng and roasted licorice, 5 jujubes. Stomach deficiency with heat plus l0g orange peel, l0g bamboo; Stomach deficiency cold plus clove 5g, persimmon pedicle 10g; vomiting acid rot food plus l0g divine song, 10g gallon; obvious acid reflux, plus 15g corrugated seeds, 15g squid bone Belching obviously add 5g agarwood. Decoction in water, 1 dose per day. 8 weeks is a course of treatment.

    Take domperidone 10 ㎎, orally 3 times a day; ranitidine 150 ㎎, orally 2 times a day. 8 weeks as a course of treatment as the control group. In the treatment group, 31 cases were markedly effective, 14 cases were effective, and 5 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate was 90%. In the control group, 10 cases were markedly effective, 11 cases were effective, and 9 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate was 70%. There is a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01).

    Chronic gastritis

    1 Overview

    Chronic gastritis refers to chronic inflammation or atrophic lesions of the gastric mucosa caused by different reasons. Its essence is that after repeated damage to the epithelium of the gastric mucosa, due to the specific regenerative ability of the mucosa, the mucosa changes and eventually leads to irreversible inherent gastric glands. The shrinking and even disappearing. Chinese medicine's understanding of this disease is mainly found in "stomachache" and "spitting acid".

    2 Jingfang application

    It has been reported that 70 cases of chronic gastritis were clinically summarized by using Jingfang to treat chronic gastritis and achieved good results.

    2.1 Liver-stomach discord type (stomach swelling and nausea, pain due to struggling, and aggravation of pain due to mood swings): cure the liver and regulate qi, and relieve stomach pain. Recipe with Sini San plus flavors (10g each of Bupleurum, White Peony, Citrus aurantium, Zhigancao, Turmeric and Lily, 6g each of Xiangfu and Guangmuxiang.)

    2.2 Combination of cold and heat (swelling and painful swelling, heavy head and body, dry and sticky mouth, noisy heating, burning anus. Uncomfortable stools): treat to clear up damp heat, and eliminate rash in the stomach. Recipe with Banxia Xiexin Decoction: Qing Pinellia 12g, Coptis, Radix Scutellariae, Codonopsis, and Cyperus rotundus each 10g. Magnolia officinalis, roasted licorice, dried ginger 6g each, 6 jujubes.

    2.3 Spleen-stomach deficiency and cold type (faint stomachache, liking for warmth and pressing, extreme pain on fasting, reduced appetite, cold limbs, fatigue and fatigue) The treatment is to warm the spleen. Prescription Lizhong Decoction and Xiaojianzhong Decoction: 15g each of Codonopsis and Dandelion, 12g each of Atractylodes Rhizome and White Peony Root, 10g of whole melon wilt, 6g each of dried ginger, Guizhi, Guangmuxiang, and Amomum villosum.

    2.4 Insufficiency of stomach yin type (faint burning pain in the stomach, hunger and fear of eating, dry mouth, dry throat, red constipation, red tongue and less fluid): cure to nourish yin and benefit stomach. Recipe: Maimendong Decoction: 15g Maimendong, 10g each of Pinellia pinellia, Radix Pseudostellariae, Shengdi, Dendrobium, Ebony, Radix Paeoniae Rubra and Tangerine Peel, 6g Wheat Licorice.

    For those with dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia, add 10g of Danshen and Zedoary turmeric each and 15g of Hedyotis diffusa on the basis of the original prescription. All the above medicines are taken orally by decoction, 1 dose a day, divided into morning and evening, 1 month is a course of treatment.

    Treatment results: 70 cases were treated for 1 to 5 courses, and the total effective rate was 78.57%.

    Functional Dyspepsia (FD)

    1 Overview

    Functional dyspepsia is the main complaint of fullness or discomfort of the abdomen, early satiety, anorexia, etc., and a group of clinical syndromes that exclude the organic diseases related to the symptoms. It is one of the common digestive diseases. The pathogenesis of FD involves many factors such as gastrointestinal motility disorder, excessive visceral perception, gastrointestinal hormones, neurons, neurotransmitters, mental and psychological factors, gastric acid secretion, gastric Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and so on. It belongs to the category of "stomachache", "stomach syndrome", "nerdiness", "noisy" and other syndromes in Chinese medicine.

    2 Jingfang application

    2.1 Zhizhu Decoction

    Citrus aurantium decoction originated from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", which said, "The heart is firm, as big as a plate, and the edge is like a spinning plate. It is made by drinking water, and the master of Citrus decoction." Compatible with two medicines of Citrus aurantium and Atractylodes macrocephala, it is a good medicine for promoting Qi and eliminating pimple.

    "Shaanxi Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported that 104 cases of functional dyspepsia were treated with Zhizhu Decoction and the effect was good. The formula is: Fructus Aurantii, Codonopsis 15g each, Atractylodes, Poria, White peony root 30g, Malt 20g, Bupleurum, Tangerine peel, Pinellia ternata, Acorus calamus, Cardamom, Licorice, 10g each, 1 dose per day, decocted in two water Orally, 200ml each time. The course of treatment is 4 weeks.

    Results 68 cases were markedly effective, 30 cases were effective, and 6 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate is 94.2%.

    2.2 Houpu Qiwu Soup

    Houpu Qiwu Decoction comes from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", which treats "a sick stomach, fever for ten days, pulses floating and counting, and diet as usual". Whole prescription: Magnolia officinalis, licorice, rhubarb, jujube, Citrus aurantium, Guizhi, ginger. The drug weight and compatibility of this prescription are very subtle. The ginger is warm and relieves cold. If it is combined with Guizhi, it has no effect on the outside, but has the effect of warming; it is equal to the amount of magnolia, and the function of ginger is more dominant. In Wenli, the effect of cinnamon sticks on the inside but not on the surface, and the combined effect of the Wenli medicine, causes the rhubarb and Citrus aurantium to lose their properties, using their power to use their properties.

    It has been reported that 124 patients with functional dyspepsia were observed and treated with Houpu Qiwu Decoction. The prescription: Magnolia officinalis, 25g ginger, 10g each of licorice, rhubarb, and Citrus aurantium, 10 jujube, 10g cassia twig. Modification and subtraction: vomiting plus Pinellia, loose stools to remove rhubarb plus Atractylodes macrocephala, ginger halved for heat stagnation, qi deficiency plus astragalus, abdominal distension plus Muxiang and Sugeng, pantothenic acid plus Zuojin Wan, Jiayu plus Tianqi. Take 1 dose a day, decocted in water 3 times, half an hour before meals. Consecutive service for 2 weeks is a course of treatment.

    Take domperidone 10 mg orally, 3 times a day, half an hour before meals, 2 weeks as a course of treatment as the control group.

    The results show that the treatment of functional dyspepsia with Houpu Qiwu Decoction is not inferior to that of domperidone, and it has no adverse reactions and is not easy to repeat, especially for constipation patients.

    2.3 Si Ni San

    Sini San is the famous prescription in "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". The original text says: "Shaoyin disease, Sini, the person may cough, or palpitations, or have trouble urinating, or abdominal pain, or diarrhea, or severe diarrhea, Sini Of Sanzhu". The prescription is composed of four flavors: Bupleurum, Citrus aurantium, peony and licorice. Bupleurum morifolium relaxes the liver and relieves depression, smooths the vitality of the body, and penetrates the depression of the Yang; Zhizhi implements Qi to dispel qi; Moderate and emergency, the four drugs are used together to relieve the liver and relieve depression, and reconcile the liver and spleen.

    Modern pharmacological studies have proved that Sini Powder has the function of promoting gastrointestinal motility.

    The pathological part of functional dyspepsia is in the stomach, involving the liver and spleen. The function of the stomach to be absorbed and decomposed depends on the drainage of liver qi. If the liver becomes stagnant and stagnant, the stagnation of stomach qi is a disease Therefore, it is the pathological basis of functional dyspepsia. Clinical treatment is often based on syndrome differentiation with liver depression as the core, and Sini powder as the basic prescription.

    ①Stagnation of liver and qi: fullness, fullness, pain, thin white fur, pale red tongue, stringy pulse. Cure to soothe the liver and stomach. Recipe with Sini Powder and Xiaochengqi Decoction plus flavor: Bupleurum 5g, White Peony root 10g, Fructus Aurantii 15g, Woody 5g, Corydalis 10g, Magnolia officinalis 5g, Rhubarb 6g, Raw Licorice 3g. If you see belching, vomiting, nausea and liver depression and qi inversion, go to the top of Bupleurum, add 9g pinellia, 15g ocher, and 5g agarwood tablets to reduce the adverse and stomach.

    ②Stagnation of liver and dampness type: greasy mouth, dull appetite, gastric suffocation, white and greasy moss and pulse. Cure to soothe the liver and dampness. Recipe with Sini powder and Pingwei powder: Bupleurum 5g, Fructus Aurantii 15g, Atractylodes or Atractylodes 5g, Magnolia officinalis 5g, Pinellia 5g, Tangerine peel 5g, Raw coix seed 30g, Baikouren 3g. For those with yellow and greasy moss, Jiachuan Coptis 3g.

    ③Stagnation of the liver and spleen deficiency: polyphagia, hunger, fatigue, loose stools, pale tongue, white fur, slow pulse. Cure to soothe the liver and invigorate the spleen. Prescription Liujunzi Decoction and Sini Powder Modifications: Codonopsis l0g, Atractylodes L0g, Poria 15g, Pinellia 5g, Yam or Gorgon 30g, Fried Coix Seed 20g, Bupleurum 5g, Citrus aurantium 10g, Woody 5g, Raw Licorice 3g .

    2.4 Banxia Xiexin Soup

    Functional dyspepsia belongs to the category of TCM "sufficiency syndrome". It is mostly caused by accidental injury, food stagnation, congestion of phlegm and qi, disharmony of seven emotions, weakness of the spleen and stomach, etc., including upper abdominal discomfort, dullness, belching, and nausea. , Abdominal distension, diarrhea and other symptoms, the pathogenesis is impaired Zhongyang, mixed cold and heat, accumulation of Zhongjiao, spleen and stomach rise and fall, dereliction of duty, and poor Qi.

    "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" says: "...but those who are full but not painful, this is a ruffian,

    … Banxia Xiexin Decoction is the main one.” Therefore, functional dyspepsia is used in the treatment of cold and temperature. It can relieve the bitterness and replenish Zhongtu. The prescription is supplemented with Banxia Xiexin Decoction. The prescription of Coptidis and Scutellaria is bitter, cold and damp-clearing. Pinellia, dried ginger to eliminate dampness and phlegm, reduce adverse effects and eliminate pimple, warm the middle and dispel cold, ginseng, licorice, jujube, nourish the spleen.

    It has been reported to use Banxia Xiexin Decoction to treat functional dyspepsia. 120 patients were randomly divided into traditional Chinese medicine group and western medicine group with 60 cases in each group. There was no statistically significant difference in age, gender, course of disease, and condition between the two groups. (P>0.05), it is comparable.

    The traditional Chinese medicine group was treated with Banxia Xiexin Decoction: Pinellia 15g, Scutellaria baicalensis 9g, Coptis 6g, Dried ginger 9g, Codonopsis 12g, Licorice 9g, 12 jujube; Abdominal pain was obviously plus Yuanhu 9g; Abdominal distension was obviously plus woody 10g, Fructus Aurantii 12g; loss of appetite plus 15g hawthorn, 15g malt, 1 dose a day, decoction in water, two times in the morning and evening on an empty stomach, western medicine group oral domperidone 10mg, 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. The course of treatment is 4 weeks.

    Results: In the traditional Chinese medicine group, 60 cases, 46 cases were markedly effective, 10 cases were effective, 4 cases were ineffective, and the total effective rate was 93%; the western medicine group was 60 cases, 38 cases were markedly effective, 14 cases were effective, and 8 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate was 76.7%. Comparing the two groups, the difference between the effective rate and the total effective rate was statistically significant (all P<0.05).

    Upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    1 Overview

    Upper gastrointestinal bleeding refers to the gastrointestinal tract above the ligament of flexion, including lesions of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, or bleeding caused by lesions of adjacent organs involving the upper gastrointestinal tract. Jejunal bleeding after gastrojejunostomy is also Belongs to this category. Clinically, it is characterized by hematemesis and (or) black stool, which is often accompanied by acute peripheral circulatory failure caused by hypovolemia. Can belong to the category of "hematemesis" and "hematochezia".

    2 Jingfang application

    2.1 Rhubarb Huanglian Xiexin Decoction

    Due to the different methods of decoction in "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" and "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", their effects are different. The main treatment and decoction in "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" have been described before. In the "Golden Chamber Synopsis", there is "lack of heart-qi, vomiting blood, vomiting blood, and relieving heart soup." It is taken with water and decoction to clear away the evil heat in the middle coke, thin the thick taste and directly relieve the fiery heat of the blood, so as to treat the vomiting and bleeding caused by the excessive heat in the blood and the forced blood. Therefore, the two parties should not be confused.

    Xu Guoxiang used this prescription to treat 23 cases of gastric ulcer bleeding, and 25 cases of duodenal ampullary hemorrhage with gastric heat injury and collateral type. All received good results, with a total effective rate of 97.9%. Chen Fang treated 360 cases of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage with internal gastric heat, 207 cases were markedly effective, 133 cases were effective, and 20 cases were ineffective with this prescription, combined with symptomatic treatment such as blood transfusion and hemostasis when necessary. The total effective rate is 94.4%. This disease is mostly caused by stomach heat and heat injury to blood collaterals. Therefore, the treatment is to reduce the adversity and reduce the fire, cool the blood to stop bleeding, so the application of this prescription can be more effective.

    2.2 Peach Blossom Soup

    Peach Blossom Decoction is a prescription in Zhang Zhongjing's Treatise on Febrile Diseases. The prescription consists of 1 catty (30g) of red stone fat, 1 tael (9g) of dried ginger, and 1 liter (30g) of japonica rice. The main medicine of Chinese herbal medicine Chishizhi astringent intestines and solid off; adjuvant dried ginger warms the middle and dispelling cold; Japonica rice nourishes the stomach and strengthens the stomach and helps the red stone fat and dried ginger to thicken the intestines and stomach. At present, the treatment field of this prescription is not limited to this. In addition to chronic bacillary dysentery and chronic colitis, it can also be applied to gastrointestinal bleeding, and the effect is quite good.

    Using this prescription to treat upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage of spleen and stomach deficiency-cold type has achieved satisfactory results. Disease types include duodenal ulcer, chronic gastritis, gastric cancer, etc.

    Prescription basis: The main symptoms are vomiting blood and blood in the stool, accompanied by dull stomach pain, pale complexion, dizziness, heart palpitations, tiredness and lazy speech, loose stools, chills, cold limbs, pale tongue, white fur, weak pulse. Basic prescription: 15-30g of red stone fat (decocted or refined into a finely-adjusted serving), paojiang charcoal 5g, yam 30g, cuttlefish bone 30g, white and 30g, Panax notoginseng 6g, raw rhubarb 3g, roasted licorice 3g. The curative effect is significant, and the fecal occult blood turns negative within 2 days of medication.

    2.3 Loess soup

    Guangdong Shantou Central Hospital Yang used Huangtu Decoction plus Tianqi to treat 58 cases of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Medicinal use: focus loess 60g, raw land 10-20g, atractylodes 10-15g, roasted licorice 3-6g, paofuzi 6-12g, Scutellaria baicalensis is 5~15g, donkey-hide gelatin is 10~20g (A), Tianqi powder is 2~5g (Chongfu). And according to the pathological characteristics of the patient, adjust the dose of each medicine according to the syndrome, such as: stomach heat significantly aggravates scutellaria, but reduces the amount of aconite; blood heat increases the birthplace; yang deficiency and internal cold re-use aconite, reducing the amount of scutellaria; Yin and blood deficiency Re-use donkey-hide gelatin for deficiency; re-use Atractylodes japonicus or add Codonopsis pilosula for deficiency of qi;

    Results: 49 cases were clinically cured, 5 cases were markedly effective, 3 cases were effective, and 1 case was ineffective. The total effective rate was 98.3%. The average hemostasis days were 3.5 days.

    Vomiting

    1 Overview

    Vomiting is only a clinical manifestation, and this symptom occurs in many diseases, which refers to the phenomenon that the contents of the stomach involuntarily rush out of the mouth from the cardia and esophagus. It is generally believed that there are central (including neurological, encephalopathy, meningitis, and intracranial hypertension); mental (referring to neurosis); peripheral (referring to gastrogenic and reflex vomiting), so the etiology is complicated.

    Traditional Chinese medicine believes that any pathological changes are harmful to the stomach, the stomach is incompatible with depression, and vomiting can occur when the qi is reversed.

    2 Jingfang application

    2.1 Small Banxia Soup

    Xiaobanxia Decoction comes from the book "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" and was first used to treat "drinks under the heart". Later doctors often used this prescription to treat vomiting. In this recipe, Pinellia (made of ginger) removes dampness and resolves phlegm, reduces adverse effects and relieves vomiting, widens the chest and disperses knots, ginger warms the stomach and relieves vomiting and disperses water, and can withstand the fierceness of Pinellia. Modified Xiaobanxia Decoction is used to treat vomiting, and the effect is reliable.

    Clinically, according to different etiology and pathogenesis, the clinical symptoms should be modified as appropriate. If vomiting is caused by external evil and invading the stomach, the treatment should be used to relieve the evil, aromatic and turbid, add Huoxiang, perilla, magnolia, tangerine peel, and Poria; Adverse, add Poria, Guizhi, Atractylodes macrocephala, Magnolia officinalis, and dried tangerine peel; if the liver is against the stomach, it is better to regulate qi and reduce adversity, add Zhuru and Dendrobium; To relieve vomiting, add ginseng and white honey. If the disease prevents the spleen and stomach weakness, the treatment should be to invigorate the spleen and neutralize, reduce the adverse effect and stop vomiting, add Codonopsis, Atractylodes, Poria, Woody, Amomum villosum; if liver heat offends the stomach, treat the liver and stomach, regulate qi and stop vomiting. Add bamboo ru, tangerine peel, and coptis; if phlegm obstructs the middle coke, the treatment is suitable for reducing phlegm and reducing adversity, invigorating the spleen and dehumidification, adding poria, tangerine peel, and Huoxiang.

    2.2 Small Banxia plus Fuling Soup

    Xiaobanxia plus Fuling Decoction comes from Articles 30 and 41 of Zhang Zhongjing's "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber · Phlegm, Drinking, Coughing and Pulse Syndrome Treatment 12th". The original text says: "Patient vomiting, irritation under the heart, and water in the diaphragm. For those with palpitations, small Banxia plus Fuling Decoction is the master", "First thirsty and then vomit, stop the heart because of water, this is a drinker, Xiao Banxia Fuling Decoction Of the Lord".

    The whole prescription is composed of pinellia, ginger, and tuckahoe. It mainly treats vomiting and palpitations caused by phlegm. In the prescription, Pinellia is pungent and warm, returning to the lung, spleen and stomach meridian, to dry dampness and resolve phlegm, reduce adverse effects and stop vomiting, and re-use as a king; ginger is also pungent and warm. Returning the lung, spleen and stomach meridian, longer than warming the stomach and clearing the drink to stop vomiting, combined with Pinellia ternata to enhance the effect of relieving vomiting and reducing adversity, is a minister; To remove the spleen to invigorate the spleen is no cause for phlegm, which is an adjuvant medicine. Combination of three drugs. Play the power of Sanyin to reduce the adverse effects and relieve the vomiting of the stomach.

    2.3 Evodia Soup

    This recipe is composed of Evodia, Codonopsis, ginger, and jujube. Article 377 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases": "Rest, salivation. Headaches, Evodia decoction is the main one", this is the liver suffering from cold, cold evil and turbid yin The qi violently invades the stomach, causing stomach disharmony, and retching. The liver meridian and the governor meridian will be at the top, the evil of yin and cold goes up against the meridian, and the clear yang is disturbed, so headaches. The main points of this prescription are retching, salivation, cold pain on the top of the head, cold limbs, pale tongue, white greasy fur, and sinking pulse. This is Zhongjiao Xuhan. Cold drink offends the stomach. In the treatment, this prescription is used to warm the stomach and dispel cold, reduce the adverse effects and relieve vomiting.

    2.4 Xiao Chai Hu Soup

    This recipe consists of Bupleurum, ginger, Pinellia, Scutellaria, roasted licorice and jujube. Article 98 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases", "Five or 6 days of typhoid fever, stroke, cold and heat, full chest and thighs, hey, no food, upset and vomiting... Xiao Chaihu Decoction is the master", the evil is in Shaoyang, Shaoyang evil and heat offender Stomach, leading to vomiting due to gastric qi, accompanied by bitter mouth, dry throat, full chest and flanks, cold and heat, anorexia, red tongue, yellowish fur, stringy pulse. The main points of syndrome differentiation are upset, vomiting, mouth pain, and fullness of chest and flanks. The treatment should use this prescription to soothe the liver and clear heat, and relieve the vomiting of the stomach.

    In clinical application, it is often applied flexibly. If used for vomiting caused by cholecystitis, add turmeric, Yinchen, Zhuru, squid bone, etc. Combination of Bupleurum and Turmeric to promote Qi and relieve depression, can directly reach the meridian of Shaoyang, soothing the liver and clearing gallbladder; Combination of Scutellaria baicalensis and Yinchen can clear the spleen, stomach, liver and gallbladder for damp-heat; Pinellia, Zhuru, ginger can clear away heat and relieve phlegm, relieve trouble and relieve vomiting ; Squid bones suppress soreness and relieve pain; Codonopsis, roasted licorice, jujube nourishes the spleen, adjusts and nourishes the foundation

    It is used for vomiting of bile reflux gastritis. It is of hepatobiliary discord. Use this prescription plus Zuojin Wan, hawthorn, cuttlefish bone, turmeric, dandelion, etc. Xiao Chaihu Decoction has the effects of clearing heat, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-emetic. The bitter cold of Coptis in Zuojin Pills relieves the fire of liver and gallbladder, Evodia vulgaris relieves warmth, relieves stagnation, relieves diarrhea and relieves vomiting. Yujin can clear heat and benefit the liver and gallbladder; Dandelion can clear liver and gallbladder, and can cure gastritis, all medicines are combined. Play to dredge the air machine, reconcile the liver and spleen, and relieve the vomiting of the stomach.

    2.5 Pueraria lobata and pinellia soup

    This recipe consists of Pueraria lobata, Ephedra, White peony root, Guizhi, ginger, Pinellia, Zhigancao, and jujube. Article 33 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" states: "The sun and Yangming are ill, no benefit, but for those who vomit, Pueraria lobata plus Pinellia decoction is the main one." Although Lei belongs to the internal syndrome, it is induced by the manifestation. The main points of its differentiation are both vomiting due to the upside-down of the stomach, as well as aversion to cold, headache, strong neck and back pain, weak tongue, thin coating, and floating pulse. tight. The treatment adopts this prescription to relieve sweating, reduce the adverse effects and stop vomiting. In the prescription, Ephedra, Pueraria lobata, Guizhi, White peony dispels wind and cold, harmonizes Ying and Wei; Pinellia and ginger disperses cold pathogens in the stomach, reduces the adverse effects and relieves vomiting.

    2.6 Scutellaria and Pinellia Ginger Soup

    This recipe consists of scutellaria, self-peony root, roasted licorice, pinellia, ginger and jujube. "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" Article 177 Day: "The sun and Shaoyang are ill. Those who benefit from the self-defense, take Huangqin Decoction; if you are vomiting, Huangqin plus Pinellia ginger soup is the main one." It is designed for Shaoyang disease, the evil force Yangming causes stomach qi upside-down vomiting. In the evil heat, the stomach and intestines are not in harmony, so the stomach is upside down.

    The main points of syndrome differentiation when using this prescription are Sun-Shao-yang syndrome, lower abdominal pain, vomiting, pale red tongue, thin yellow and greasy coating, and slippery pulse. The treatment uses this prescription to clear away heat and relieve benefits, and relieve vomiting in the stomach. In the prescription, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi clears heat and dampness, purges fire and detoxifies, is good at treating diarrhea and abdominal pain caused by toxic toxins in the stomach and intestines; white peony softens the liver and relieves pain, treats liver-qi invading the stomach and abdominal lesions caused by liver-spleen discord; pinellia, ginger and stomach Relieve vomiting, roast licorice, jujube and nourish spleen soil.

    2.7 Gardenia and Ginger Soup Soup

    This recipe is composed of gardenia, ginger, and soy sauce. Article 78 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" states: "After sweating and vomiting, I cannot sleep because of irritation... If you vomit, you will be the master of the gardenia and ginger bean soup." It is designed for evil heat invading the stomach and stomach qi. If the stomach and intestines are stagnated due to food, depression and heat, and vomiting, sour food, chest tightness, belching, fullness of abdomen, constipation. This recipe can be combined with Xiaochengqi Decoction to eliminate food stagnation, and stomach depression, on this basis, add scutellaria, Gallus gallus domesticus, Shenqu, Zhuru, etc. to strengthen the stagnation of Qi, reduce the adverse effect of anti-vomiting.

    2.8 Xuanfudai ocher soup

    This recipe is composed of inula, dangshen, ginger, ocher, pinellia, licorice and jujube. Article 166 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" states: "Typhoid fever is sweating, if vomiting, if it is released, after relieving, the heart will be slapped, the wheezing will not get rid of the gas, it is the master of the Xuanfudai ocher soup." Gathering, the stomach is not in harmony and the liver qi is reversed. The main points of syndrome differentiation are whipping under the heart, frequent breathing, vomiting and salivation, or vomiting water, appetite, thin white fur, and slow pulse. Treat the liver and stomach with this prescription. Reduce adverse effects and reduce phlegm

    For stagnation of qi and phlegm. Depression and dissolution of fire, stomach disorders and vomiting, this prescription combined with Wendan Decoction can be used for treatment. If vomiting belongs to the deficiency and cold of the spleen and stomach, use Xuanfudaizhe Decoction and Lingguishugan Decoction to make it.

    2.9 Orange Peel Bamboo Ru Soup

    This recipe consists of orange peel, bamboo ru, dangshen, roasted licorice, ginger and jujube. "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber·Seventeenth of the Syndrome and Treatment of Vomiting, Guxiali, and Disordered Pulse" says: "Those who are rebellious are the master of Tangerine Peel Zhuru Decoction" (Article 22). This prescription is designed for the symptoms of stomach deficiency and heat, and qi upheaval. The main points of syndrome differentiation are asthenia, vomiting, dry mouth, fatigue, and imaginary pulse. In the treatment, this prescription is used to clear away heat and invigorate deficiency, reduce adversity and stomach.

    2.10 Banxia Xiexin Soup

    This recipe consists of Pinellia, Scutellaria, Dried Ginger, Codonopsis, Coptis, Roasted Licorice, and Jujube. "Golden Chamber Synopsis·The Seventeenth of the Syndrome and Treatment of Vomiting and Lei Diseases" Day: "Vomiting and bowel sounds, those with piracy, the master of Banxia Xiexin Decoction" (Article 15). This prescription is caused by the mutual coke formation between cold and heat, up and down disorder, upset stomach qi will cause vomiting, and spleen failure will cause bowel sounds. The main points of its syndrome differentiation are fullness of heart, retching, bowel irritation, and lower benefits. The tongue is moist, the tongue coating is yellow and greasy, and the pulse is stringy. The treatment uses this prescription to reconcile the spleen and stomach, reduce the adverse effect and relieve vomiting.

    2.11 Bamboo Leaf Gypsum Soup

    The recipe consists of bamboo leaves, raw gypsum, Pinellia, Ophiopogon, Codonopsis, roasted licorice, and japonica rice. Article 396 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" states: "After typhoid fever is relieved, the deficiency of qi (léi) will be less qi, and the qi will be vomiting, and bamboo leaf gypsum decoction is the main one." This recipe is set up for the insufficiency of residual heat, qi deficiency and body fluid injury, and stomach qi upside-down. The main points of syndrome differentiation are physical weakness, fever, sweating, fatigue, upset, thirst, vomiting, red tongue, no moss, and pulse count. The treatment uses this prescription to nourish yin and promote body fluid, and reduce the adverse effects of the stomach.

    In clinical practice, this prescription is often used for hiccups on stomach fire, and can add persimmon pedicle, Zhuru, Adenophora, Anemarrhena, and loquat leaves. Dangshen was changed to Taizishen to enhance the power of nourishing qi and generating body fluid, reducing the adverse effects and relieving vomiting.

    Ulcerative colitis

    1 Overview

    Ulcerative colitis or chronic non-specific colitis is a chronic colitis of unknown cause. The lesions are mainly located in the mucosal layer of the colon, and are mainly ulcers, which mostly involve the rectum and distal colon, but can expand proximally. And throughout the colon. It belongs to the categories of "intestinal wind" and "long dysentery" in Chinese medicine.

    2 Jingfang application

    2.1 Pasqueflower soup

    Pulsatilla decoction is derived from Zhang Zhongjing’s Treatise on Febrile Diseases. The prescription is rigorous, with only four herbs of Pulsatilla, Coptis, Phellodendron, and Qin Pi. It is good at the damp and heat of Qingyang and Ming, releases the stagnant fire of Jueyin, relieves the heat and poison of blood, and cures it. Damp heat dysentery. Modern pharmacology also shows that: the four traditional Chinese medicines in Baitouweng soup are compatible with each other, have inhibitory effects on Shigella, Escherichia coli, can also kill amoeba trophozoites, and can enhance the functions of white blood cells and phagocytes, and have anti-inflammatory properties , Sedation, analgesia and promote blood coagulation. In modern times, it is mostly used for dysentery, ulcerative colitis, chronic colitis, and other digestive diseases.

    "Chinese Journal of Modern Clinical Medicine" reported that a hospital divided the 156 patients with ulcerative colitis admitted from January 2000 to October 2004 into two groups randomly. The 76 patients in the control group received corticosteroids, mesalazine, Azathioprine, hemostasis, infusion and other treatments. On the basis of the above treatment, 80 patients in the treatment group were treated with Chinese medicine prescriptions: Pulsatilla 12g, Scutellaria baicalensis 9g, Corioptera 9g, Qin bark 9g, Raw yam 12g, Tsubaki root bark 9g, Forsythia 12g, Atractylodes japonicus 18g, Poria 12g, Baizhu 12g , Ebony 9g, raw licorice 4g, Cyperus rotundus 9g, woody 6g, Astragalus 15g, Sophora japonicus 12g, Platycladus orientalis 6g, 1 dose per day, 150ml of medicinal solution orally each morning and evening, treatment for 5 weeks.

    Results: The total effective rate of the two groups was 91.3% in the treatment group and 81.6% in the control group. The treatment group was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.01).

    2.2 Ume Soup

    Wumei Wan comes from Zhang Zhongjing's "Treatise on Febrile Diseases and Syndrome Differentiation and Treatment of Jueyin Disease". It is composed of 10 medicines such as black plum, asarum, dried ginger, ginseng, angelica, aconite, shujiao, cassia twig, coptis, and phellodendron. Bitterness, cold and heat are used together, to replenish and reduce, and the characteristics of qi and blood are both regulated. Modern experimental studies have shown that Wumei Pills can significantly repair and improve animal inflammatory intestinal mucosal epithelial cells. Used to treat ulcerative colitis, the effect is satisfactory.

    In order to explore the clinical efficacy of Wumei Pills in the treatment of ulcerative colitis, some people randomly divided 120 patients with ulcerative colitis into two groups. 63 cases in the treatment group were treated with Jiawei Wumei Decoction (basic prescription: Wumei 10g, Coptis 6g, Phellodendron chinense 9g, Angelica 10g, Ejiao (Yuanhua) 10g, Radix Ginseng 20g, Baizhu 10g, Sichuan Pepper 6g, Paojiang 9g, Aconite 6g, Asarum 3g, Cassia twig 10g.); 57 cases in the control group were treated with sulfasalazine enteric-coated tablets. Two months is a course of treatment, observe the improvement of main symptoms and signs.

    Results The total effective rate of the treatment group was 92.2%, and the total effective rate of the control group was 75.4%. After statistical processing, the effect of the treatment group was significantly better than that of the control group, and the improvement of main symptoms after treatment was significantly better than that of the control group (P<0.01 ). The conclusion is that Jiawei Wumei Decoction is effective in treating ulcerative colitis.

    2.3 Gegen Qinlian Soup

    Gegen Qinlian Decoction comes from Article 34 of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases": "Sun disease, cassia twig syndrome, the treatment is reversed, the benefits are not stopped, the pulse is short, the appearance is unresolved, and the sweating will occur, and the Gegen Qinlian Decoction is the main one. "This recipe consists of Pueraria lobata, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Coptis chinensis, and licorice. Features: The main purpose is to clear the inside, to sparse the surface, and to treat the surface and the inside. It is used to treat the symptom of co-heating caused by the invagination of the sun surface evil. In recent years, domestic and foreign medical scientists have proved through experimental studies that Gegen Qinlian Decoction has antipyretic, antibacterial, antiviral, antispasmodic, inhibiting gastrointestinal motility, and enhancing the body's immune function. Used to treat ulcerative colitis, the effect is very quick.

    The prescription is as follows: Pueraria lobata 15g, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi 20g, Coptis 15g, Honeysuckle 20g, Patriniaceae 20g, Andrographis 15g, Codonopsis 20g, Atractylodes 15g, Astragalus 20g, Muxiang 15g, Poria 15g, Aconite 15g, Cinnamon 15g, Dried ginger 10g, Licorice 15g.

    For acute attacks of chronic ulcerative colitis, enema treatment should be the main treatment, supplemented by internal medicine, which is beneficial to alleviate the condition, control infection, and maintain the cost and solidity. Commonly used medicines are: Sanguisorba 20g, Scutellaria baicalensis 20g, Honeysuckle g, Patriniaceae 20g, Pulsatilla 20g, Nutmeg 15g, Dried ginger 10g, Eucommia charcoal 15g. The decoction of various medicines is filtered, and the enema is kept before going to bed every day for 5 days, and the effect is very quick. After the condition is controlled, Gegen Qinlian Decoction can still be used for treatment.

    2.4 Peach Blossom Soup

    According to "Treatise Febrile" and "Golden Chamber", Taohua Decoction is used to treat the syndromes of "Shaoyin disease, lower benefit, pus and blood in the stool", "Shaoyin disease, ... abdominal pain, lower benefit, pus and blood in the stool". The targeted xiali, pus and blood in the stool belong to the syndrome of reducing yin and cold. As a result, the spleen and kidney yang deficiency, the lower scorching is not solid. The medicine composition of the prescription is: one catty (30 g) of red stone fat and one tael (6 grams) of dried ginger and one catty (30 g) of japonica rice. The method of decoction is to take half of red stone fat and cook with dried ginger and japonica rice. Rice is cooked to degree. The other half is fine, divided into 2 to 3 times.

    2.5 Coix Fuzi Baijiang Powder

    The prescription of Coix and Aconite Baijiang is from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber". In the prescription, the coix seed is the king, the Baijiang grass is the minister, and the aconite is the assistant. It has the effect of removing abscess and reducing swelling.

    Modern pharmacological and clinical studies believe that various Chinese medicines of Coix Aconite Baijiang Powder can promote tissue repair, improve blood circulation and nutritional status, enhance anti-inflammatory and immune functions, and thus restore vitality of necrotic cells. Therefore, it has a certain effect on the treatment of ulcerative colitis and other types of chronic diarrhea.

    Basic recipe: 30g each of raw coix seed, cooked coix seed, Patrinia vulgaris, raw astragalus, 12g each of Chinese angelica, Sanyu charcoal, red stone fat (calcined), 10g each of fried white peony and fried citrus fruit, Bupleurum, Coptidis, 6g each of cooked aconite and roasted licorice. For spleen deficiency, add 12g of fried Codonopsis, fried Atractylodes, and fried Poria; add 20g of Pulsatilla for more heat, 10g each of Qinpi and Scutellaria; add 6g of dried ginger, 15g of psoralen, 6g of nutmeg (simmered) for cold or diarrhea Evodia edulis 2g; blood volume in stool plus 2o acacia charcoal l0g; abdominal pain and diarrhea plus fried tangerine peel, fried parsnip each 6g. Take 1 dose a day, decoct in water in the morning and 2 times in the evening.

    It is reported that 120 cases of ulcerative colitis treated with the above dialectical treatment, the total effective rate is 77.78%, which is better than 55.56% of oral sulfasalazine tablets 1g, 3 times a day.

    constipation

    1 Overview

    Constipation refers to difficult or laborious bowel movements, poor bowel movements, too few stools, dry stools and low volume. Patients with constipation may have fewer than three bowel movements per week. Although some have many bowel movements a day, the bowel movement is quite laborious, and each bowel movement takes a long time. The excretion of feces is dry like sheep feces and the amount is small, and there are still feces after defecation Feeling not exhausted. Chinese medicine's understanding of this disease is mostly seen in "spleen treat" and "back disadvantage".

    2 Jingfang application

    2.1 Maziren Pills

    The Maziren Pill is from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" and "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber". It was originally due to hypergastric qi, or due to "urinary count", "excessive sweating", body fluid loss, intestinal loss, hard stool, and its spleen Set up for proof of appointment. Now this recipe Yi Wan is used as a decoction to treat habitual constipation, post-traumatic constipation, post-stroke constipation, post-operative constipation, post-partum constipation, senile constipation and other constipation, with remarkable curative effect.

    It has been reported that 172 cases of constipation were treated with Maziren Pills. Prescriptions: Maziren 20g, Almond 15g, White Peony 15g, Rhubarb 10g (Back Lower), Fructus Aurantii 15g (or Sunflower), Magnolia 15g, Honey 30g In the juice) decocting twice in water, about 600ml of juice. Take 2 warm doses, 1 dose a day, smooth stool and 5 days later to consolidate the effect. Addition and subtraction: add peach kernel and angelica for trauma and postoperative patients; add rehmannia, angelica, and fleece-flower root for parturients; add melon, rhizome, Cistanche for stroke patients; add plum and cistanche for habitual constipation; add sophora japonicus and sophora for hemorrhoids

    Results: The stool was normal, the abdominal distension and abdominal pain disappeared. The patients without recurrence within half a year were cured, 164 cases (95.4%); the patients without recurrence within 3 months were effective, 8 cases (6%); symptoms occurred after 3 days of medication No improvement was considered invalid, 0 cases. Among the 172 cases, 129 cases were cured after taking 3 doses of the drug, and the remaining 43 patients had smooth stools and returned to normal after taking 4-9 doses.

    2.2 Rhubarb and Aconite Soup

    Rhubarb and Fuzi Decoction is derived from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" and is one of the traditional prescriptions. It has a long history of clinical application. Rhubarb is used for bitter and cold, and Fuzi is used to dispel cold and heat. Patients with dampness, constipation and abdominal pain with unlucky Yang Qi have a good effect.

    There are also experiments to prove that Dahuang Fuzi Decoction has obvious laxative and analgesic effects on experimental animals.

    It has been reported that 1 case of intractable constipation was treated with Dahuang Fuzi Decoction. The patient usually fears cold and loves warmth, prefers to enter hot drinks, and now feels fatigue and weakness. Every time he drinks cold products, heavier abdominal distension, abdominal pain, belching and dry stool, once every 3 days, Urination is innocent. The tongue is white and moist without coating, and the pulse is stringy. TCM syndrome differentiation is constipation caused by yang deficiency of the spleen and kidney and cold accumulation in the real. Addition and subtraction of rhubarb and aconite decoction: 9g of aconite, 5g of asarum, 6g of cassia twig, 4g of roasted licorice, 6g of magnolia officinalis, and 3g of rhubarb. 3 doses. Take 1 dose a day, decoct 2 times in water, take 450ml of juice in total, and take orally in 3 times. Second diagnosis: unobstructed stool, no abdominal pain and bloating.

    2.3 Zhizhu Decoction

    Zhishu Decoction is derived from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber". Its medicine composition Zhishi and Baizhu are commonly used clinical medicine pairs, which have the function of strengthening the spleen, regulating qi and promoting stagnation. Modern medical research believes that the two drugs can significantly improve the state of weakened gastrointestinal motility, and Baizhu can promote gastrointestinal secretion and enhance gastrointestinal motility. This causes a laxative effect. Therefore, the combination of Zhishi and Baizhu can effectively relieve constipation.

    In order to observe the therapeutic effect of Jiawei Zhizhu Decoction in the treatment of functional constipation, Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University selected 76 patients with functional constipation and randomly divided them into the treatment of Jiawei Zhizhu Decoction according to the diagnostic criteria of Rome II constipation to exclude intestinal organic diseases. There were 40 cases in the group and 36 cases in the control group taking Guodao Tablet. Results: Two weeks after taking the medicine, the total effective rate of the control group and the treatment group were 63.9% and 90.0%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the total effective rate between the two groups (P<0.05); Conclusion: Jiawei Zhizhu Decoction has significant effects on constipation Efficacy.

    Specific method: The treatment group was treated with Jiawei Zhizhu Decoction: 30g Zhishi, 60g Baizhu, 20g each of Polygonum multiflorum, Cassia seed and Yuliren. 10g almonds, 15g ginseng, 5g licorice. Decoction in water, divided into morning and evening, 2 weeks as a course of treatment. Control group: Guodao tablets 100mg, orally before going to bed. 2 weeks is a course of treatment.

    2.4 Small chest soup

    Xiaoxianxiong Decoction is derived from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" and is composed of Trichosanthes, Pinellia, and Coptis. It was originally designed for the syndrome of phlegm-heat mutual congestion, to clear away heat, resolve phlegm, and widen the chest. Using Xiaoxianxiong Decoction with Citrus aurantium can remove the heat of phlegm, relieve the swelling, reduce the stomach qi, and reduce the body fluid. However, the intestines and bowels can be used to treat constipation.

    2.5 Danggui Shaoyao San

    Danggui Shaoyao San comes from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", which has the functions of nourishing blood and regulating liver, invigorating the spleen and dampness. It is mainly used for the symptoms of acute abdominal depression in pregnant women, continuous pain, liver depression and spleen deficiency. In the prescription, angelica, white peony root, atractylodes macrocephala nourishes qi and nourishes blood, nourishes the intestines and relaxes bowel movement, Poria, Alisma invigorating the spleen and dispelling dampness. Deficiency of qi can be supplemented and the intestines are dry and moist, so it can take effect.

    diarrhea

    1 Overview

    Diarrhea is a common symptom, which means that the frequency of bowel movements is obviously higher than the frequency of usual habits, the stool is thin, the water increases, the daily stool volume exceeds 200g, or contains undigested food or pus, blood, mucus, and diarrhea is often accompanied by a sense of urgency to defecate. Anal discomfort, incontinence and other symptoms.

    2 The use of classics in acute gastroenteritis

    2.1 Gegen Qinlian Soup

    Gegen Qinlian Decoction is a Chinese prescription in Zhang Zhongjing's Treatise on Febrile Diseases. It is an agent for treating sun disease by accidentally throwing into the internal medicine, attracting evil into the Yangming, so that the lowering is not stopped, and the sun disease is insoluble. It is reported that 40 cases of acute gastroenteritis were treated with Gegen Qinlian Decoction, with satisfactory results.

    Basic prescription: Pueraria lobata 30g, Scutellaria baicalensis 10g, Coptis 10g, Licorice 6g. Modification: 10g each of Jiasu stem and Huoxiang, 12g each of Jiaoshan Hawthorn and Shenqu for those with severe vomiting. Stir-fried Zhuru 12g, Plantago Seed (cloth package) 30g; For those with deficiency of Qi, add Codonopsis 15g, Stir-fried Atractylodes 10g; Cold-damp type with 5g Evodia. 10g of tangerine peel. Amomum villosum 5g, Jiao Hawthorn and Shenqu 12g each, Pinellia ternata 12g, Dried ginger 8g; For those with severe abdominal pain, add Neem Seed 10g, Corydalis 12g, and Woody 12g. Take 1 dose per day, decocted in water. Avoid cold and spicy products during treatment.

    2.2 Licorice Xiexin Soup

    "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" says: "Symptoms of typhoid fever and stroke, the treatment will be reversed, and the person will go for dozens of days. The valley is not melted, the belly is thundering, the heart is hard and full, retching, and upset. The doctor sees the heart. Lumpy means that the disease is endless, and if it comes back down, the ruffy will be beneficial. This is not a heat knot, but the stomach is weak and the polite upside down, so it makes it hard. Licorice Xiexin Decoction is the main one." Decoction syndrome is a syndrome of excessive coldness and less heat, which mainly consists of following benefits, fullness, and vomiting. It has been observed in clinical practice that the clinical manifestations of acute gastroenteritis are mostly the same as that of Gancao Xiexin Decoction. This prescription is used to treat it, and every time it has a quick effect.

    In addition, through clinical syndrome differentiation, proper application of Banxia Xiexin Decoction and Ginger Xiexin Decoction has the same effect.

    It has been clinically reported to use Gancao Xiexin Decoction (licorice, pinellia, dried ginger, scutellaria, huangqin, ginseng), 1 dose a day, decoction and warm administration in water to treat 200 cases of acute gastroenteritis, achieving significant curative effects and a cure rate of 96% .

    3 The application of classic prescriptions in chronic enteritis (jiuxie)

    3.1 Ume Maru

    Wumei Wan comes from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". It mainly treats the ascariasis syndrome of stomach heat and cold intestines. It has a good therapeutic effect. It has long been regarded as a special prescription for treating ascaris. Fang" record. It can be seen that Wumei pills have been used to treat chronic diarrhea since Zhongjing. In the side of Wumei Pills, there is the eminent medicine ebony acid to enter the liver, which can soften the liver and relieve the liver, treat liver depression and suppress the spleen, but also has the properties of sourness and astringency; there is sweet and light ginseng to replenish qi and invigorate the spleen to nourish the root cause; Bitter cold and dampness; dry ginger and aconite with sexual warmth can warm the viscera and drive away cold, so it is especially suitable for chronic diarrhea.

    3.2 Chishizhiyu Yuliang Soup

    Chishizhiyu Yuliang Decoction comes from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" and is composed of Chishizhi and Yu Yuliang. It has the effects of astringent and solidifying, astringent intestines and antidiarrheal. It mainly treats chronic diarrhea, chronic dysentery, and intestinal slips that cannot be solidified. Chishizhi in the recipe is sweet and astringent, warm in nature, enters the spleen and stomach, large intestine meridian, astringent intestines to stop bleeding, astringent and grow muscle. Yu Yuliang astringent intestine to stop bleeding. Therefore, Chishizhiyu Yuliang Decoction is characterized by astringency and astringency, so it is generally believed that it is not suitable for those who have diarrhea, so as to prevent closed doors. From the clinical perspective, there is very little diarrhea due to pure nothingness, so it is not necessary to be too restricted by pure nothingness. If there is more and less deficiency, you can use other prescriptions and medicines, such as Chishizhi, Yu Yuliang, etc. The combined use of offensive supplements and thinning and harvesting are often more effective.

    intestinal obstruction

    1 Overview

    Intestinal obstruction is a disease characterized by the inability of intestinal contents to pass through the intestine smoothly. It is one of the common acute abdomen in surgery. It has the characteristics of complicated etiology, severe disease, rapid development, etc. It can cause a series of local and systemic pathological changes. If not handled properly, it can be life-threatening. It belongs to the category of "abdominal pain" and "intestinal tract" in Chinese medicine.

    2 Jingfang application

    2.1 Da Chai Hu Tang

    Dachaihu Decoction was first seen in Treatise on Febrile Diseases. The original text reads: "Sun sickness, after more than ten days, anti-two or three times, after four or five days, if the Chaihu syndrome is still there, first take Xiao Chaihu Decoction; Those who are anxious and depressed and slightly annoyed are unresolved, and they will heal under the Da Chaihu Decoction.” This recipe is Xiao Chai Hu Decoction, which is made by removing ginseng and licorice, adding yellow, Citrus aurantium, and peony. It is also Xiao Chai Hu Decoction. It is combined with the addition and subtraction of Xiaochengqi Decoction. It is a prescription for reconciliation and purgation.

    "Chinese Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported a case of incomplete intestinal obstruction treated by Dachaihu Decoction.

    The patient is instructed to fast, perform gastrointestinal decompression, and give treatments such as anti-infection, fluid replacement to maintain water and electrolyte and acid-base balance. TCM syndrome differentiation is damp-heat resistance, Shaoyang cardinal is unfavorable, and Yangming heat formation. Recipe: 15g each of Bupleurum, Red peony, Magnolia officinalis, Lai scutellaria, 15g of raw rhubarb (later), 10g each of scutellaria, Citrus aurantium, Magnolia officinalis, Betel nut, Corydalis, Pinellia ternata, 10g of Glauber's salt (Chonghua), Licorice 6g.Decoction to extract the juice, inject into the stomach tube with 100ml each time (clamp the stomach tube for 1h after injection and release), and add 500ml soft soap water plus 200ml decoction above the enema. The above two methods are performed twice a day. After medication Id, abdominal pain and bloating were alleviated, defecation, gas, nausea, and vomiting were alleviated significantly. The weight loss of rhubarb was 8g. After 2 days of continuous use, the abdominal plain film showed no gas-liquid level, and the intestinal obstruction was relieved. Therefore, gastrointestinal decompression and low-pressure enema were stopped, liquid food was ordered, rhubarb and Glauber's salt were taken from the upper side for 1 week, all symptoms disappeared, and then discharged.

    2.2 Dachengqi Decoction

    Dachengqi Decoction comes from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". Its prescription consists of 12g rhubarb (four liang, wine washing), 24g magnolia officinalis (eight liang, peeled, broiled), 12g citrus fruit (five pieces), 6g mirabilite (three pieces) Together). Rhubarb is bitter cold to relieve heat, remove blood stasis and lax, and cleanse the stomach and intestines. However, rhubarb is bitter and cold, and the strength of softening and firming is not good, so Glauber's salt is salty, cold, soft, and hard to relieve heat. The two phases must be used, and the strength of the heat junction is enhanced. Stagnant internal resistance, unsatisfactory qi, use magnolia bitter to warm down the qi, citrus fruit is bitter and pungent, the two drugs are used together to promote air conduction, eliminate pimple and fullness, and help rhubarb and mirabilite to reduce stagnant and heat . The four medicines are in harmony. Rhubarb and Glauber's salt are used to relieve defecation to cure dryness, and Magnolia officinalis and Citrus aurantium practice to relieve qi to cure fullness. All prescriptions pay equal attention to the lowering of the qi, and the result is a combination of severe heat and heat.

    "Chinese and Foreign Medicine" reported that 286 cases of adhesive intestinal obstruction were treated with Compound Dachengqi Decoction: Under the condition of repeated monitoring of abdominal symptoms and signs by the same doctor, a lengthened small intestine decompression tube was given for gastrointestinal decompression, and octreotide 0.1 mg was added. Inject 500ml of normal saline and inject compound Dachengqi Decoction into stomach tube: 15g each of Zhishi, Houpu, and raw rhubarb (back lower). 10g each of peach kernel, red peony, fried raspberry, and Glauber's salt (consume), decoction 200ml, inject 60ml through gastric tube every 8 hours, close the tube for 1 hour after injection, other treatments include blood volume supplementation, correction of water and electrolyte disorders, and prevention Failure of vital organs, necessary nutritional support, etc.

    Results: 265 cases (92%) were cured after receiving treatment. Nineteen cases (7%) were converted to laparotomy. During the operation, 6 cases were confirmed as internal hernias and 13 cases were angled. The other 2 cases (1%) died of multiple organ failure.

    2.3 Houpu Sanwu Soup

    Houpu Sanwu Decoction is the prescription of "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber". In the prescription, Magnolia is re-used, taking its width, lowering the qi, and eliminating swelling and fullness. It is accompanied by rhubarb to relieve heat and promote blood stasis, and Zhishi eliminates pimple and congestion. The combination of the three medicines achieves the effects of promoting Qi to lead stagnation and eliminating fullness, dispelling pimple and removing blood stasis.

    Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Houpu Sanwu Decoction has a strong qi regulating effect, can accelerate the rhythm of gastrointestinal motility, and promote gastrointestinal emptying; rhubarb can enhance intestinal microcirculation and reduce blood endotoxin levels; Zhishi can pass Regulate the calcium ion concentration of the smooth muscle of the small intestine, reduce the tension of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle and antispasmodic effect, and can excite the gastrointestinal tract to increase the contraction rhythm of gastrointestinal movement, thereby promoting the function of anal exhaust and defecation.

    Kunshan City Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Jiang divided 65 patients with intestinal obstruction into two groups randomly. The 37 cases in the treatment group were treated with Houpu Sanwu Decoction (decocted Chinese medicine into 200mL. For gastrointestinal decompression patients, the gastrointestinal decompression was carried out for 4 hours, and the stomach tube was injected with 50 mL of Chinese medicine. The decompression was suspended for 2 hours, and then decompression was performed for 4 hours. For those without gastrointestinal decompression, take 100mL each in the morning and evening.) Plus Western medicine basic treatment; 28 cases in the control group were treated with Western medicine basic (gastrointestinal decompression, nutritional support, maintenance of water and electrolyte balance, anti-infection).

    Results: The total effective rate of the two groups was 91.89% in the treatment group and 82.14% in the control group. The curative effect of the treatment group was better than that of the control group (P<0.05).

    Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases

    Jingfang Application

    1 Yin Chen Hao Soup

    Yinchenhao Decoction, also known as Yinchen Decoction, comes from "Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases" and is a famous prescription for the treatment of jaundice. This recipe is composed of three medicines such as Yinchenhao, Gardenia, and Rhubarb. In the prescription, Chenhao clears heat, relieves dampness and reduces yellowness; Gardenia's bitter cold, clears and relieves the evil heat of the triple burns; Rhubarb relieves heat, removes blood stasis and breaks knots. The effect of clearing heat, removing dampness and relieving yellow. Modern pharmacological experiments have shown that: Yinchenhao Decoction has significant anti-liver injury and anti-liver fibrosis effects, so it is widely used in various liver and gallbladder diseases and has significant effects.

    ① Chronic cholecystitis

    "China Practical Medicine" reported that 40 cases of Acute and Chronic Cholecystitis Treated with Jinqian Yinchen Decoction, and achieved good results. Prescription: Lysimachia 30g, Areca nut 15g, Yinchen 30g, Gardenia jasminoides 10g, Rhubarb 10g, Magnolia officinalis 12g, Fried lentils 15g, Citrus aurantium 10g, Bupleurum 10g, White peony 10g, Turmeric 10g, Licorice 6g. Add dandelion 20g, scutellaria 10g for severe heat toxicity; add polygonum cuspidatum 12g for wet weight and 15g rhubarb; use rhubarb up to 15g for strong body and constipation; add 10g Pinellia 10g and 3 slices of ginger; abdominal pain Jue add wood incense 10g, corydalis 12g; combined gallstones add 10g Gallus gallus domesticus, blood residual charcoal 10g.

    ② Pancreatitis

    "Jilin Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported that Yinchenhao Decoction was used to treat acute severe pancreatitis and achieved obvious curative effect. In addition to routine fasting, gastrointestinal decompression, spasmolysis and pain relief, supplementation of water and electrolytes, and correction of acid-base imbalance, Yinchenhao Decoction, medicinal gardenia, rhubarb, Yinchen, dandelion, turmeric, and Baijiang Grass, peach kernel. For severe pain, add corydalis, red peony root, and white peony; add pinellia, ginger, and bamboo ruddy for severe vomiting; add musk, citrus aurantium, magnolia for severe swelling; add Ophiopogon and ginseng for low blood pressure.

    2 Xiao Chai Hu Soup

    Xiao Chai Hu Decoction is used in Treatise on Febrile Diseases for the treatment of "suffering thigh pain, yellow face and body, strong neck, and difficulty in urination", and in "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber · Jaundice" for the treatment of "all yellows, abdominal pain and pain" "Vomiting", indicating that the prescription has soothing liver and choleretic effects.

    Modern pharmacological studies have also shown that the mechanisms of Xiaochaihu Decoction to prevent liver disease include inhibition of hepatitis virus replication, anti-hepatitis virus activity, protection of liver cell membranes, prevention of liver damage, multi-pathway inhibition of liver fibrosis, immunomodulation and anti-tumor effects. It can block the development process from hepatitis to liver fibrosis and then to liver cancer through many ways, which is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of liver disease. It is widely used clinically in hepatobiliary diseases.

    ① Chronic hepatitis B

    It has been reported that conventional liver protection drugs (Ganlixin injection, compound Danshen injection, potassium magnesium aspartate injection, glucurolactone, vitamin C, etc.) are taken on the basis of Xiao Chaihu Decoction: Bupleurum, Scutellaria, Codonopsis 15g each , Pinellia 10g, licorice 5g, ginger 5g, 10 jujubes, decocted in water, 1 dose a day (30 days is a course of treatment, two courses of treatment.) 60 cases of chronic hepatitis B were treated.

    Results: The total effective rate was not significantly different from that of the western medicine group (P>0.05), but the cure rate was significantly higher than that of the western medicine group, and there was a significant difference (P<0.05). It shows that Xiaochaihu Decoction has better curative effect in treating chronic hepatitis B without toxic side effects.

    ②hepatitis B liver cirrhosis

    Treatment method: Yuxiao Chaihu Decoction: Chaihu 10g, Codonopsis 10g (or Radix Pseudostellariae 15g), Pinellia 6g, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi 6g, Licorice 5g, Turmeric 12g, Angelica 15g, Peach kernel 12g, Triangular 10g, Sunburn Turtle shell 15g, Alisma orientalis 10g, tortoise shell 15g, fried malt 20g, Guangmuxiang 10g, decocted in water, 1 dose/d, divided into 3 doses.

    "Journal of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported that 69 cases of hepatitis B liver cirrhosis were treated as above, and 73 cases were treated with Western medicine for liver protection, enzyme reduction, anti-liver fibrosis and symptomatic support. The results showed that the two groups were based on clinical efficacy and treatment Comparison of liver function indexes and liver fibrosis indexes before and after 3 years, as well as the death of some cases after 3 years and the occurrence of important complications, the treatment group was better than the control group.

    Note: 3 months is a course of treatment, a total of two courses of treatment.

    ③ Gallbladder disease

    Treatment method: Take Xiaochaihu Decoction as the main prescription (main ingredients: Bupleurum, Scutellaria, ginseng, Pinellia, roasted licorice, ginger, jujube), add turmeric, Yuanhu, Chuanmeizi for severe hypochondriac Qi removes blood stasis and relieves pain; if qi stagnation is severe, add Citrus aurantium, Magnolia officinalis, whole melon, Muxiang, and Ligusticum chuanxiong to promote qi and relieve depression; if the organs are severely hot, increase Huang, Gardenia, Coptis chinensis to relieve heat with damp heat; Those with jaundice re-use Artemisia annua, plus Poria, Amomum, and cardamom to promote dampness and reduce yellowing; for those with gallstones, add "three golds" (Golden Gallbladder, Lysimachia, Sea gold). Oral Chinese medicine decoction, 3 times a day, no other drugs for the treatment of liver and gallbladder diseases are taken during the medication, 7 days of medication is a course of treatment, and the curative effect is evaluated after 3 courses.

    "Journal of the Fourth Military Medical University" reported that 100 cases of gallbladder disease were treated with the addition and subtraction of this formula, and 8l cases were cured (symptoms disappeared. Duodenal drainage was normal for 2 to 3 times, and ultrasound showed no abnormalities); 17 cases improved (symptoms were basically obtained) Control, there are still a small amount of pus cells in duodenal drainage); 2 cases were invalid, the total effective rate was 98%.

    3 Si Ni San

    Sini San, from "Treatise on Febrile Diseases", the original prescription is composed of licorice, Zhishi, Bupleurum, and peony. It has the functions of soothing the liver and relieving depression, reconciling qi and blood, calming the liver and replenishing the spleen. Zhong Jing used the treatment of "Shao Yin disease, Sini, or coughing, palpitations, or trouble urinating, or abdominal pain, or dysmenorrhea..." etc.

    Numerous experimental studies in recent years have shown that Sini San has a significant role in anti-liver fibrosis and protect liver damage. Therefore, modern clinical treatment of hepatobiliary diseases is commonly used and the effect is satisfactory.

    ①Chronic hepatitis B

    "Chinese Journal of Modern Internal Medicine" reported that Sini Powder has a definite effect in treating chronic hepatitis B.

    Method: use 10g of Bupleurum, 15-20g of white peony, 10g of Citrus aurantium, 5g of licorice, 10-30g of Atractylodes, 10-30g of Poria, 30-60g of Astragalus, 15g of Salvia, 15g of Turmeric, 15g of Polygonum cuspidatum, and 20 of Oldenlandia diffusa -30g, add or subtract other medicinal flavors according to the symptoms, take 1 dose a day, divided into 3 times warming, 1 month is a course of treatment, continuous taking for 3 months. And take Gantai Le 0.2g, 3 times a day, 10 pills of biphenyls, 3 times a day, as a control group, and also take 1 month as a course of treatment for 3 months.

    Results: The effective rate of the treatment group was 96%, the effective rate of the control group was 54%, and the effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group.

    ② Chronic cholecystitis

    The prescription uses "Sini San" with flavors: Bupleurum, Citrus aurantium, Muxiang, Turmeric, Tangerine peel each 12g, Peony 18g, and Licorice 6g. Addition and subtraction according to the card: if qi stagnation is reoccurring in hypogastric abdominal distension, pain, attacking pain, and channeling pain, add Corydalis, Chuanzi, Qingpi, and Cyperus rotundus each 12 g; damp-heat recurring fever, jaundice, constipation, yellow urine, yellow tongue coating 30g each of Artemisia edulis, dandelion, and Plantain, 9g each of scutellaria and rhubarb; weak spleen and stomach see lack of food, abdominal distension, loose stools, weak pulse plus Codonopsis 15g, 12g Atractylodes, 18g Poria, 10g Citrus aurantium; For those with stones, add 30g of Lysimachia, 30g of sea gold, and 12g of Gallus gallus domesticus; for those with stasis, see fixed pain, thorns, purple tongue with petechiae or ecchymosis, astringent pulse, 30g of salvia and raw hawthorn, peach kernel and turmeric each l0g. 1 dose daily, divided into morning and evening.

    It has been reported that 118 cases of chronic cholecystitis have been treated with this formula.

    The efficiency is 88.18%.

    ③Non-alcoholic fatty liver

    Recipe with Sini San with additional flavor: Bupleurum 15g, White Peony 15g, Fructus Aurantii 15g, Licorice 5g. For hypochondriac patients, add turmeric 15g, Chuanzezi 12g, and Yuanhu 10g; for poor appetite, add raw hawthorn 30g; for constipation, add turmeric 10g and cassia 15g. For those with spleen deficiency and dampness, add Codonopsis 20g, Poria 15g, and Alisma 30g; for liver and kidney yin deficiency, add 15g Polygonum multiflorum; 20g Ligustrum lucidum, add Danshen 20g and Panax notoginseng 10g; 30g of grass.

    It has been reported that 60 cases of non-alcoholic fatty liver were treated with this formula, with an effective rate of 91.67%.

    ④Chronic pancreatitis

    Treatment with Sini Powder: 15g each of Bupleurum, Scutellaria and Radix Paeoniae Alba, 10g each of Citrus aurantium, Muxiang and Turmeric, and 5g Licorice. For patients with epigastric pain, add 10 g of Corydalis and Cyperus rotundus; add 10 g of persimmon stem for those who vomit; add 15 g of honeysuckle, dandelion, and houttuynia cordata for fever; add 15 g of Yinchen for those who have yellowing. Mountain Gardenia 10g. At the same time, it is supplemented with western medicine to adopt analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-infection and supportive therapy. If the left upper abdomen has severe pain, 0.5-1 mg of the anticholinergic drug atropine should be injected intramuscularly; if the total number of white blood cells is high, antibiotics such as cefazolin sodium should be used to control the infection; for patients with hemorrhagic necrotizing pancreatitis, hydrocortisone or Dexamethasone; for severely ill fasting patients, intravenous infusion of fluids.

    "Journal of Practical Chinese Internal Medicine" reported that 100 cases of chronic pancreatitis were treated with this method. As a result, 75 cases were cured, 15 cases were effective, and 10 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate was 93%.

    4 Zhizhu Soup

    Zhizhu Decoction comes from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", which states: "The heart is firm, as big as a plate, and the side is like a rotating disk. It is made by drinking water, and it is the master of Zhizhu decoction." Its syndrome is similar to fatty liver. Fangzhong Zhishi lowers qi to dissipate stagnation, eliminates spleen and fullness, so as to sooth the liver; Atractylodes macrocephala invigorates the spleen and dampness, helps the spleen to move and transform, to facilitate the dispelling of dampness, and to nourish the spleen. Clinically, Zhizhu Decoction and Shengjiang Powder were used to treat fatty liver, and achieved satisfactory results.

    The prescription is as follows: Citrus aurantium 40g, raw Atractylodes macrocephala 20g, cicada slough 6g, rigid silkworm 10g, raw rhubarb 6g (for loose stools changed to ripe rhubarb), turmeric 10g. Addition and subtraction: For those with thick and greasy moss and heavy wetness, add Pinellia 10g, Zhuru 10g, and rice kernel 20g; for those with dark tongue with ecchymosis, and heavy blood stasis, add three-rowed 6g, turmeric 6g, and hawthorn 10g; red tongue , For heat-heavy ones, add 9g Jiaoshan mast and 10g Danpi. One dose per day, decoction in water, for 2 months.

    Control group prescription: compound Yiganling tablets, 3 times a day, 2 tablets each time; polyenoic acid ethyl ester capsules, 3 times a day, 0.5g each time, treatment for 2 months.

    Results: The total effective rate was 92.9%; the total effective rate of the control group was 57.9%. The total effective rate of the two groups was compared, and the difference was very significant (P<0.01).

    Jing Fang's other aspects

    1 Peony and Licorice Soup

    Shaoyao Gancao Decoction is designed for the treatment of foot spasms caused by sweating and yin blood, but the clinical application is not limited to this, except for the treatment of gastric ulcer pain in internal medicine and chronic hepatitis and hypochondrial pain in infectious medicine. In addition, it can also be used for:

    ①Neck, shoulder, low back and leg pain in Orthopedics Department of back pain with Pueraria lobata, Gentiana, turmeric; low back pain with mulberry, Eucommia ulmoides, Dipsacus; upper limb pain with mulberry sticks; lower limb pain with achyranthes, papaya, and Lonely

    ② Night cry in children Children are immature yin and juvenile yang body, insufficient liver yin, hyperactive liver qi, liver meridian dysfunction, uncomfortable soul, and nocturnal crying occurs. It is suitable to nourish yin and soften liver, dispel wind and stop convulsion. Medicinal: 20g of white peony, 20g of licorice, 6g of cicada slough, 9g of Uncaria. Decoction in water, one dose of medicine.

    2 Licorice Xiexin Soup

    Gancao Xiexin Decoction is derived from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", which is used to treat "Fox disease". Later physicians often regarded this prescription as a special prescription for the treatment of oral ulcers and Behcet's disease.

    Used to treat oral ulcers, prescription: roasted licorice 6g, raw licorice 6g, codonopsis 10g, coptis 6g, skullcap 9g, pinellia 10g, dried ginger 6g, 5 jujubes. Take 1 dose a day, decoct in water and take the juice, warm in the morning and evening, for 10 days. In the intermittent period, the above-mentioned traditional Chinese medicine (one-day dose) was crushed into fine powder, divided into 3 days, 3 times a day, and then consolidated for 1 month.

    3 Yinchenhao soup

    The compound Yinchenhao Decoction is effective in treating moderate to severe acne. It has the power of clearing away heat and detoxification, resolving phlegm and removing congestion, and promoting blood circulation and stasis.

    The prescription is as follows: Artemisia spp., Forsythia suspensa, Rhubarb, Angelica dahurica, Parsnip, Trichosanthes, 15g each of Gallus gallus domesticus, and dried tangerine peel, 30g each of Honeysuckle, Fritillaria, 30g each, 20g each of Houttuynia cordata, Painensis, and Atractylodes macrocephala. 10g each of gardenia, frankincense, myrrh, and licorice, 1 dose per day, decocted in water and taken orally in 2 times.

    4 Bamboo Leaf Gypsum Soup

    ①Night sweats

    Medicine composition and usage Bamboo leaf gypsum soup: bamboo leaves 10-30g, gypsum 20-60g, pinellia 6-12g, Ophiopogon japonicus 10-20g, ginseng 5-12g, roasted licorice 3-15g, proper amount of japonica rice. Dosage: Decoction of the medicine for 3 times, add appropriate amount of japonica rice with the concoction filtered out of the 3 times to cook into a gruel (or drink the juice after the rice is cooked), take 3 times a day, 1 on 5 days Courses. If the medicine does not heal after 1 course of treatment, take the next course of treatment after an interruption of 5-7 days.

    Modification: thirsty and anemarrhena; for those with spontaneous sweating, add keel and oysters; for those with irritability, use Zuojinwan to fry separately; for those with constipation, the original prescription will increase the weight of Ophiopogon japonicus, and add raw rhubarb soaked in water. ; For those with obvious yin deficiency, add rehmannia; for those with blood stasis, add salvia.

    "Chinese Journal of Modern Chinese Medicine" reported that 87 cases of night sweats were treated with the above, and satisfactory results were obtained, with a total effective rate of 93.10%.

    ②Stubborn insomnia

    The basic recipe is bamboo leaf gypsum soup: l0g bamboo leaves, 15-30g gypsum (decoction first), 10g Pinellia 10g, 15g each of Radix ginseng and Ophiopogon japonicus, 6g roasted licorice, 15g japonica rice, 20g Yejiao vine. For headache and dizziness, add 10g of Ligusticum chuanxiong and Uncaria; add 10g each of Jiaoweizi and light tempeh for irritability; add 15g of palpitations, forgetfulness and 15g of jujube seed and 10g of Zhiyuanzhi; add 15g of red sage root and 5g of amber powder for dreamers; For those with poor appetite, reduce gypsum to 15g and add 10g tangerine peel and divine song each. Take 1 dose a day, mix 500-600ml of decoction head juice and second juice, add japonica rice, fry until the rice is cooked about 300ml, remove the rice and take it twice.

    Use Valium tablets, orally 5mg every night before going to bed as a control. Both groups took 7 days as 1 course of treatment, 1 course for mild cases and 2 courses for severe cases.

    Results: The effective rate in the treatment group was 93%, and the total effective rate in the control group was 77%. Compared the efficacy of the two groups, there is a significant difference (P<0.05)< p="">

    ③Oral ulcers

    "Journal of Practical Chinese Medicine" reported that 114 cases of oral ulcers were treated with Zhuye Shishitang decoction, and compared with 90 cases treated with other Chinese and Western medicines.

    The treatment group took Zhuye Gypsum Decoction and Huanglian Decoction for oral administration, 15g each of medicinal bamboo leaves, Ophiopogon and Coptis, 30g gypsum, 10g each of Radix ginseng and Japonica rice, 6g each of Pinellia and raw licorice. Decoction in 150ml of water, 3 times a day, 50ml each time. The course of treatment is 6 days.

    The control group was taken orally with P-transfer factor oral liquid, 2 times a day, 10ml each time; at the same time, topical watermelon frost spray was applied locally, 5 times a day, for 6 days.

    Results: The total effective rate of the treatment group was 89.5%, and the total effective rate of the control group was 60.0%. The curative effect of the treatment group was significantly better than that of the control group.

    5 Gardenia Soup

    Zhizizhi Decoction has a reliable effect in curing acne.

    Typical cases

    Liu Mou, female, 33 years old, diagnosed: scattered red acne on the chin and right corner of the mouth, chlorosis on other parts of the face, chloasma on both cheeks, slippery pulse string, weakness in the guts. This phlegm-heat and spleen deficiency are added and subtracted by Zhizizhitang. Prescription: Light tempeh, gardenia, forsythia, scrophulariaceae, dendrobium, saponaria thorn, red peony, peony bark, lentils each 10g, coix seed 15g, Bupleurum, scutellaria, pinellia 6g, centipede (swallow Service) 3. 6 doses, decocted in water, 1 dose per day.

    Second diagnosis: chin acne has been improved, and there are pus spots on the right corner of the mouth acne. This good sign is also to increase the power of pus penetration and tonic. Prescription: Light tempeh, gardenia, rehmannia glutinosa, angelica, red peony root, peony bark, fritillaria, trichosanthes, beauveria silkworm, bupleurum, raw astragalus, codonopsis 10 g each, anemarrhena, phellodendron, scutellaria, pinellia, Rhizoma Coptidis, 6 g each, Saponins 30 g, 3 centipedes (swallowed), 6 doses. Third diagnosis: 3 to 4 large acne on the right corner of the mouth became smaller, and chin acne almost disappeared. Add 10 g each of Ophiopogon japonicus and Schisandra chinensis on the top, and change the saponins spines to 15 g, and continue to take 6 doses for consolidation.

    6 Zhenwu Soup

    ① Hypothyroidism (spleen and kidney yang deficiency type)

    "New Chinese Medicine" reported that according to TCM syndrome differentiation, the treatment of hypothyroidism (spleen and kidney yang deficiency type) with Zhenwu Decoction combined with low-dose L-thyroid sodium tablets is effective, and compared with the treatment of L-thyroid sodium tablets alone.

    Results: The total effective rate of the treatment group was 93.3%; the total effective rate of the control group was 70.0%. The total effective rate of the two groups was compared, and the difference was significant (P<0.05), indicating that the treatment group was better than the control group.

    The specific treatment methods are as follows:

    Treatment group: Yuzhenwu decoction was modified and subtracted and treated with low-dose L-thyroid sodium tablets. Prescription: Aconite 12g, Radix Paeoniae Alba and Atractylodes Rhizome 15g each, Poria 20g, Licorice 6g, 3 pieces of ginger. Take 1 dose per day, decocted in water, orally in 2 doses. Modification: add Codonopsis 15g, astragalus 20g, cinnamon 10g for those with poor appetite, loose stools, fatigue and other symptoms of spleen-yang deficiency; for those with cough, wheezing, bradycardia and other cold and wet pulmonary symptoms, add 6g of Asarum, 3g of Ephedra For more edema, add Alisma orientalis, Polyporus, and Plantago seed 15g; for goiter, add Zhe Fritillaria, 20g each of oysters, and 20g turtle shell.

    Control group: Treated with L-thyroid sodium tablets, starting with a small dose of 50μg each time, gradually increasing the amount to 100-150μg each time, once a day, orally. And give other symptomatic and supportive treatment. The course of treatment is 6 weeks.

    ②Meniere's disease

    The Zhenwu Decoction can be used to treat Meniere's disease with good results.

    The prescription is as follows: cooked aconite 10-45g (decocted for 2h first), 10-15g Atractylodes macrocephala, 10-15g Poria, 5-15g ginger, 10-15g white peony. Take 1 dose a day, decocted in water and take 2 times. The dosage is adjusted according to the severity of the disease, comorbidities, and individual physical differences: dizziness, severe vertigo, cold limbs, fat tongue with tooth marks, and winter visits, increase the dosage of aconite; increase nausea and vomiting, increase the dosage of ginger and tuckahoe: more sweat, Those with pale complexion and weak pulse should increase the dosage of Atractylodes macrocephala and Poria. Some patients can add energy mixture or amino acids intravenously. The course of treatment is one week.

    7 Yinchen Wuling San

    "Anhui Clinical Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported that 98 cases of acute gouty arthritis were treated with Yinchen Wuling Powder, with satisfactory results.

    The treatment method uses Yinchen Wuling Powder plus flavor: Smilax glabra 60g, Polyporus 15g, Alisma orientalis 20g, Yinchen 20g, Fangji 15g, Astragalus 30g, Chuanqiang 30g, Talc 15g, Imperata cylindrica root 30g, Achyranthes 15g, Corydalis 12g, White peony root 30g, licorice 6g. Add honeysuckle, forsythia, and cortex for heat-excessive; add rehmannia, scrophulariaceae, and Ophiopogon japonicus for body fluid consumption; add Frankincense, Myrrh, Gentiana, Trachelospermi Caulis, and Pittosporum bark for those with more swelling and pain; Add natural ground, paeonol, red peony root; add papaya and live alone for lower limb pain; add Qianghuo, Weilingxian, and turmeric for upper limb pain. Take 1 dose per day, decocted in water. 10d is a course of treatment. Results: The total effective rate was 95.90%.

    8 Rotating and storing soup

    "Traditional Chinese Medicine Forum" reported the use of "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" Xuanfu Daichu Decoction to treat 40 cases of plum core qi with satisfactory results.

    The prescription is as follows: Inula, Codonopsis, Pinellia ternata, Roasted licorice Jujube kernel, Bozi kernel 10g each, Ochre and Jujube 30g each, 3 pieces of ginger. Add 6g each of Sugen and Magnolia officinalis for qi-surgery, 10g each for peach kernel and Yuanhu for chest pain, 15g each for Shengdi and Ophiopogon for yin deficiency. Take 1 dose a day, decocted 3 times in water, divided into morning and evening, and change to 1 dose every other day when the condition improves.

    Results Among the 40 cases, 29 cases were markedly effective, 8 cases were effective, and 3 cases were ineffective. Among them, the minimum was 6 doses and the maximum was 36 doses. There were no adverse reactions after the treatment.

    9 Evodia Soup

    "Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported that Wuzhuyu Decoction was modified to treat tinnitus and achieved satisfactory results.

    Treatment method: Evodia decoction Modified: 9g of Evodia, 30g of Codonopsis, 5 pieces of ginger, 12 pieces of jujube, 10g each of Pallidonia, 10g of Angelica dahurica, 6g of Asarum, 15g of Chinese yam, 10g of Pinellia. Take 1 dose a day, decoct in water and warm, and take twice a day.

    Results: 14 cases were cured; 3 cases were markedly effective; 1 case was ineffective. The total effective rate is 94.44%. In effective cases, the longest treatment time is 14 days, the shortest 5 days, and the average is 9 days.

    10 Si Ni San

    ①Raynaud disease

    "China Traditional Chinese Medicine Science and Technology" reported that Sini Powder was modified to treat 38 cases of Raynaud's disease with definite curative effect.

    The prescription is as follows: Bupleurum 10g, Fructus Aurantii 15g, Radix Paeoniae Rubra 15g, Roasted Licorice 10g, Turmeric 20g, Mulberry Branch 30g, Cassia Twig 15g, Wolfberry 30g, Astragalus 30g, Angelica 20g, Corydalis 30g, Chuanxiong 15g, Red Peony 20g, safflower 10g, earthworm 15g, asarum 7g, and sun-dried aconite 8g, decocted in water, one dose per day, for 30 days as a course of treatment, a total of 1-3 courses.

    Results: 26 cases were markedly effective (symptoms basically disappeared), 9 cases were effective (significantly reduced symptoms), and 3 cases were ineffective (no significant changes in symptoms before and after treatment). The total effective rate was 92.11%.

    ②Mammary gland hyperplasia

    Yusini San combined with Gongjian Decoction, the medicine composition is Bupleurum 10g, Citrus aurantium 10g, Red Peony root 10g, Wang Buliuxing 30g, Prunella vulgaris 30g, Oyster 10g, Morinda officinalis 10g, and Roasted Licorice 10g. Addition and subtraction: breast burning plus Danpi 10g, Forsythia 10g; hard milk nucleus 10g, zedoary 10g; Qi deficiency plus astragalus 30g, Codonopsis 20g; blood deficiency plus angelica 10g, donkey-hide gelatin 10g; insufficient kidney yang plus deer containing grass 15g, Antler cream 20g. Take 1 dose a day, decoction and juice 3 times a day. One menstrual cycle is one course of treatment.

    "Chinese Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported that 55 cases of hyperplasia of mammary glands were treated with the above. As a result, 38 cases were clinically cured, 10 cases were effective, 2 cases were effective, and 5 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate was 90.91%. The shortest treatment time is 15 days and the longest treatment is 4 courses.

    ③Refractory insomnia

    It has been reported that 51 cases of refractory insomnia treated with Jiawei Sini Decoction have achieved satisfactory results. The total effective rate is 94.11%.

    Medicinal use: Bupleurum 10g, Citrus aurantium 10g, White peony 15g, Codonopsis 20g, Salvia 15g, Schisandra 10g, Shengdi 12g, Baiziren 20g, Sour date kernel 20g, Zhuru 6g, Licorice 6g. For patients with Qi deficiency, add Astragalus 20g and Ginseng 10g; Blood Deficiency plus Rehmannia 12g and donkey-hide gelatin 10g (Yinhua); Yin Deficiency plus Adenophora 10g and Ophiopogon japonicus 10g; Phlegm-heat plus Radix Scutellariae 10g and Dannanxing 10g Take 1 dose a day, decoct 200~300ml of juice, take it twice in the morning and evening, and take a course of treatment in 20 days.

    11 Huanglian Ejiao Soup

    ① Chronic pharyngitis

    Medicinal coptis 5-10g, scutellaria 10-15g, white peony root 10-15g, cinnamon (rear part) 5g, donkey-hide gelatin (refining) 15g, 1 dose per day, and about 300ml of juice from decoction. Take 1 piece of raw chicken yellow with hot concoction each time. 6 days is a course of treatment.

    "Journal of Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine" reported that 85 cases of chronic pharyngitis were treated with the above, and the effect was reliable. Results: 38 cases were cured, 41 cases were effective, and 6 cases were ineffective. The total effective rate was 67.5%.

    ②Recurrent aphthous

    "Guangdong Dental Disease Prevention and Treatment" reported that 48 cases of recurrent aphthous ulcers were treated with Huanglian Ejiao Decoction and Zhuling Decoction, with satisfactory results.

    Recipe composition: Rhizoma Coptidis and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi each 8g, peony 10g, donkey-hide gelatin 10g (simmered in a stew), 2 pieces of chicken yellow (red), I2g each of Polyporus umbellatus, Alisma and Poria, 20g talc. Addition and subtraction: add yellow 8g for dry stools; add 15g bamboo leaves and 5g for turbans for difficult urination; add silver flower and Angelica dahurica 10g each for sore swelling; add lily and anemarrhena 12g each for upset and insomnia: sore throat and fever Add 10g of forsythia and burdock, 20g of Radix isatidis; add 15g of raw ground and 10g of ground bone for dry mouth and dry mouth, hot flashes and night sweats. Take 1 dose a day in 2 divided doses.

    Results: 35 cases were markedly effective, 9 cases were effective, 4 cases were ineffective, and the total effective rate was 91.7%.

    Experience 1: Jing Fang is valuable in "precision"

    1. Dialectical "essence", grasp the main symptom and dialect the main evidence.

    2. Choose the "fine" medicine with less medicine.

    3. Change "fine", add or subtract qualitatively.

    4. The amount of medicine is "fine", the quantity is large, the quantity changes, and the quality changes.

    5. Decoction method is "fine", specific and detailed.

    Experience 2: Jing Fang focuses on practice

    1. It is better to memorize the text

    2. It is better to use the scripture prescription

    3. Using classics is not as good as innovative

    Experience 3: New use of Jing Fang

    1. Finding symptoms during illness

    2. Seek evidence

    3. Take medicine for symptoms

    4. According to the evidence

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