A person who defecates less than three times a week can be preliminarily identified as suffering from constipation. Due to the impact of Parkinson's disease, the function of the digestive system is degraded to a certain extent, and the patients taking drugs for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, such as levodopa, dopamine receptor agonists, etc., will affect the function of the digestive system and cause constipation.
When constipation occurs, laxatives can certainly solve the problem, but long-term use of laxatives is not good for the body and may aggravate constipation. Therefore, to relieve constipation, we must first adopt non-drug treatments.
First of all, change bad habits and develop the habit of having regular bowel movements every day. You may not get used to it at first, but it is good to stick to it. Defecation every day reduces the residence time of feces in the intestinal tract, and also avoids the residence time of feces in the intestinal tract, and also prevents the dehydration and hardening of feces in the intestinal tract, making defecation easier. At the same time, it is necessary to change the diet, eat enough food containing dietary fiber and drink enough water every day. In addition to helping prevent constipation, dietary fiber can also lower cholesterol, help prevent many chronic diseases, and help diabetics control blood sugar. Moisture and dietary fiber work together to keep stool smooth. Why does dietary fiber have such a magical effect? This is because dietary fiber cannot be digested and absorbed. It is like a sponge in the intestines, which can absorb a lot of water, and then expand many times to form a larger and soft fecal mass, which can promote bowel movement and easily arouse bowel reflex. It makes people feel defecation, eliminates stool in time, prevents constipation, and relieves symptoms of hemorrhoids and anal fissure. In addition, dietary fiber also inhibits cholesterol absorption and reduces serum cholesterol. Dietary fiber exists in plant foods. Foods containing more dietary fiber include vegetables, fruits, legumes, etc., especially vegetables with leaves or stems, such as cabbage, spinach, and celery. At least 20-25 grams of dietary fiber is needed every day, which is equivalent to eating 500 grams of vegetables. Drinking water is as important as eating dietary fiber. If dietary fiber is not soaked in water, it is still dry and hard, which may make constipation worse. Therefore, you should drink at least 4 to 8 glasses of water a day, plus juice, milk or other beverages.
Adjusting your diet is the preferred method of treating constipation. However, sometimes it does not work. If you eat enough dietary fiber and water and still have constipation, you can try a little secret recipe, that is, half a cup of applesauce, 2 tablespoons of cooked wheat, and 3 taels of plum juice, all in the refrigerator. At the beginning, take one spoon a day and gradually increase it until you feel the effect is good. According to reports, many people think that the method is effective and tastes good, patients who are troubled by constipation may wish to try it.
Manual massage can also help relieve constipation. There are two specific methods. The first is to massage your hands from the lower edge of the rib cage from top to bottom. During the downward process, use a certain force to press down on the abdomen. Repeat this many times, 3 times a day. The second is to use one hand to grasp the back of the other hand, place the palm on the belly button, and then perform a circular massage from the inside to the outside in a clockwise direction, repeated several times, 3 times a day. The two techniques can be performed alternately.
In addition, appropriate sports and outdoor activities are good for alleviating constipation, such as walking and Tai Chi.
For patients with severe constipation, if the above methods are not effective, they should see a doctor and use some drugs under the guidance of the doctor. The easiest way with little side effects is to insert a lubricant from the anus, such as Kaisailu, which can soften dry stools and stimulate rectal peristalsis. It is sometimes necessary to take some laxative drugs orally in the subtropical zone. In this regard, Chinese traditional medicine has many advantages. You can seek dialectical treatment from Chinese medicine, eat some decoctions, or take some Chinese patent medicines that moisturize the bowel. The simplest, cheap and effective single-flavor Chinese medicine is senna leaf, which is soaked in water like tea, and the effect is very good.
Finally, it should be emphasized that the use of comprehensive methods to treat constipation must first change bad habits, rationally arrange diet, drink plenty of water, and insist on appropriate exercise. Laxatives can only be used when these methods are not effective.