1. Diet adjustment: Leukemia patients themselves have a high metabolic rate, and during chemotherapy, patients often have adverse reactions such as loss of appetite, abdominal distension, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal discomfort, etc. Therefore, it is advisable to stay in bed during chemotherapy, eat small meals, especially It is better to have a light diet with high protein and high calories, especially to supplement foods rich in fiber, and keep daily bowel movements as smooth as possible to prevent constipation from aggravating hemorrhoids or inducing anal fissures, increasing the chance of local infection, and at the same time. Take yogurt, hawthorn, radish and other digestive foods, avoid eating spicy fried and bone spurs, and drink as much water as possible to promote the discharge of metabolic waste.
2. Personal hygiene and protection: During chemotherapy, the patient's resistance is low, so personal hygiene must be paid great attention to prevent infection, such as: strengthening the changing and disinfection of clothes, keeping the skin clean and dry, and using various mouthwashes daily under the guidance of the physician Gargle, such as nitrofurazone, nystatin mouthwash, etc., if necessary, add calcium folinate, metronidazole, gentamicin, etc.; after every bowel movement, apply a 1:5000 PP powder solution to sit in the bath to prevent Perineal infection; open windows regularly every day for ventilation, and wear a mask to reduce visits and avoid cross-infection.
3. Maintain a peaceful and optimistic mood: During chemotherapy, a small number of patients with severe reactions may experience hair loss, vomiting, fatigue, oral erosions and other discomforts, so they are prone to pessimism and depression, and even lose confidence in the treatment, which is not conducive to the recovery of the disease. In fact, most of these discomforts are temporary. Most leukemias can be restored to normal after stopping chemotherapy. At present, many leukemias are completely curable. Therefore, patients should be calm, optimistic, and build confidence in overcoming the disease, so that the body is in good condition. : "The righteousness is inside, the evil is not to be done, the spirit is guarded, and the illness is safe."
4. Close observation and early report: If the various side effects and complications during chemotherapy can be detected early and intervened as soon as possible, these adverse events can be controlled to a minimum, or even completely avoided. This task is left to the patient and family members. Cooperate with medical staff to complete it together. Such as: fever, cough, sore throat, gums or perianal pain are all highly indicative of infection, while epistaxis, gum bleeding, purpura skin, melena or blood in the stool are likely to be manifestations of severe platelet reduction, weight gain, edema, and urine output Decrease may mean that renal insufficiency will occur. Chemotherapy liquid spills often cause soft tissue damage. Therefore, patients should be carefully observed. Once the above conditions occur, they must immediately report to medical staff so that interventions can be taken as soon as possible to stop the disease. progress.