Original creator: 2017-01-04 Xing Tengfei
Source: Thyroid Doctor
With the improvement of living standards, people are paying more and more attention to healthy diet while satisfying their appetite. Especially after illness, pay more attention to dietary conditioning.
After the doctor has written a prescription, he will usually give a few precautions about diet.
If you are a patient with hyperthyroidism, the doctor may ask you to eat lightly, avoid iodine, and avoid irritating and spicy foods.
If you are a postoperative patient with thyroid cancer, your doctor’s dietary advice may be to eat less spicy, cold, hairy, and cruciferous vegetables.
But, think about it carefully, what is the hair? Why should we avoid spicy? There are so many cruciferous families, avoid them all, are there vegetables to eat? Is there any scientific basis for the dietary advice given by the doctor casually?
Today, let the doctor come and solve the puzzles one by one.
Spicy is not a taste, but a pain experience in the mucous membrane of the mouth and throat.
Spicy foods in a broad sense include chili, pepper, mustard, pepper, green onion and ginger.
In addition to hyperthyroidism, other thyroid patients, there is no need to avoid spicy! Friends who are not spicy or unhappy and love scallions and garlic, do you take a breath?
For patients with hyperthyroidism, spicy diet will not aggravate the condition, but may aggravate the symptoms. such as:
I was afraid of heat and sweating, but after eating spicy food, I felt sweaty.
I couldn't sleep at first, I had a spicy dinner, and I couldn't calm down before going to bed;
I had diarrhea in the beginning, and after eating chili, my gastrointestinal motility became more "joyful".
Therefore, from the perspective of self-comfort, patients with hyperthyroidism who cannot bear the pain of "chili pepper" should eat less.
In addition, friends with gastrointestinal diseases, hemorrhoids, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and other diseases should also try to eat less spicy, so as not to cause discomfort.
How can the incision heal if you don’t give me meat?
The folk saying is that foods that can induce or aggravate disease symptoms are called "fat".
There are many types of "fat", which are defined differently in different regions. The "hair objects" that people often talk about are roughly as follows:
Meat and fish: pork, beef, mutton, duck, seafood, etc.;
Irritating food: peppers, leeks, onions and garlic, etc.;
Vegetarian food: mushrooms, bean sprouts, mustard greens, pumpkins, etc.
In fact, in modern medicine, there is no such thing as hair. All healthy and nutritious foods should be eaten, and the diet should be diversified, and this should not be avoided.
For example, patients after thyroid surgery should have enough protein. If they dare not eat meat because they are concerned about "hair stuff", how can the surgical incision heal as soon as possible!
So, eat meat when it's time to eat meat!
However, patients with thyroid disease should not eat too much seafood, especially those with hyperthyroidism. It is not because seafood is "fat", but because the iodine content is high.
Remember, don't take medicine with soy milk!
Soy products mainly refer to soybeans and soybean products, such as soy milk, tofu, etc.
You may have heard that the soy isoflavones rich in soy have an adverse effect on thyroid function and may cause goiter.
The conclusion of current scientific research is that under a normal and balanced diet, soy products have basically no effect on the thyroid of healthy people.
In other words, people without thyroid disease can eat soybeans and soy products as normal, without worrying about thyroid problems.
As for whether soy products will cause aggravation of patients with hypothyroidism, current scientific research is still inconclusive.
However, one thing is certain, that is, do not take levothyroxine sodium tablets with soy milk or soy milk, because this will interfere with the absorption of the drug.
Don't kill cruciferous with a stick
Cruciferous vegetables include cauliflower, cabbage, cabbage, Chinese cabbage, pakchoi, green cabbage, rape, mustard greens, mustard greens, kohlrabi, turnips, shepherd's purse, etc.
Almost all common vegetables are covered! If thyroid patients really can’t eat cruciferous, there is really nothing to eat...
Studies have shown that the sulfur-containing oxazolidine and thiocyanate in the cruciferous family will compete with the thyroid for iodine, thereby reducing the thyroid's uptake of iodine, and ultimately reducing the synthesis of thyroid hormones, leading to goiter.
However, this effect only occurs when the concentration of thiocyanate in the plasma is relatively high, which is equivalent to eating 500-1000 grams of raw broccoli, radish or cabbage in a short time. Most people definitely can't do it.
Therefore, thyroid patients can rest assured to eat cruciferous vegetables, except for the following types of patients:
Endemic goiter: This disease is originally caused by iodine deficiency. Cruciferae will hinder the thyroid uptake of iodine, so these patients should not eat more. In fact, after the country implemented the salt iodization policy, this disease has basically disappeared.
Before receiving iodine 131 treatment: some patients with hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer may need to receive iodine 131 treatment. Because cruciferae will hinder thyroid iodine uptake and affect the therapeutic effect of iodine 131, you should eat less cruciferous before receiving iodine 131 treatment.
When eating cruciferous vegetables, it is best to cook the vegetables and eat them, which helps to reduce the thiocyanate in them and retain more isothiocyanates. Isothiocyanate has certain antioxidant and anti-tumor effects, which is very beneficial to the body.
Qingben is weak, so he should avoid being cold
Raw cold refers to raw and cold food, such as some cold dishes, cold drinks, etc.
Cold food may cause gastrointestinal discomfort, so it is recommended to eat less cold food for patients with hypothyroidism with weakened gastrointestinal function.
The joy of life lies in eating and drinking
Having said so much, I will give you a summary of the outline:
Whether or not to avoid spicy food for patients with hyperthyroidism depends on the individual. If you do not feel uncomfortable after eating spicy food, you do not need to avoid it. Other thyroid patients do not need to avoid spicy food.
There is no need to avoid "fat".
Levothyroxine sodium tablets need to be taken with water, half an hour after taking the medicine before eating other things.
Patients with hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer who need iodine 131 treatment should eat less cruciferous vegetables before treatment. Please feel free after treatment. Other thyroid patients do not need to avoid cruciferous vegetables, and it is best to eat them when they are cooked.
Patients with hypothyroidism who have poor gastrointestinal function can eat less raw and cold food; patients with hypothyroidism with good gastrointestinal function, please feel free. Other thyroid patients do not need to avoid cold.
Avoid iodine for hyperthyroidism and iodine 131 before treatment. These principles remain unchanged.
Otherwise, everyone can eat whatever they want. And eat happily, eat abundantly, and eat healthy!
Responsible editor: Zhang Yanxi
Image source: 123rf.com.cn genuine photo library