Pre-pregnancy checkup items for female second child
The pre-pregnancy examination items for a female second child generally include physical examination, leucorrhea routine, blood routine, urine routine, gynecological endocrinology, ABO hemolysis examination, oral examination, chromosome examination, etc. Expectant mothers can perform selective examinations under the guidance of doctors, and more Smooth pregnancy. In order to make sure that you and your husband’s body are suitable for a second child, especially for women who have a bad birth history or have undergone a cesarean section, it is especially important to conduct a pre-pregnancy check before giving birth to a second child. The pre-pregnancy examination items for the second child specifically include the following 13 items:
1. Full physical examination:
Carry out a full-body examination and fertility assessment, and conduct a comprehensive and systematic examination of the various organs of the body, such as the heart, liver, and kidneys, to check whether the heart, lung, liver, and kidney functions are suitable for pregnancy.
2. Blood routine:
Understand the level of hemoglobin. If you have blood system diseases such as anemia, you should get pregnant after treatment. Also understand the blood clotting situation, if any abnormalities are found, treat first before pregnancy.
3. Urine routine:
Understanding the first version of the kidney and its changes will help the early diagnosis of kidney disease. The ten-month pregnancy is a huge test for the mother's kidney system. Increased metabolism of the body will increase the burden on the kidneys. If there is kidney disease, the consequences can be very serious.
4. Routine for leucorrhea:
Routine screening of leucorrhea for trichomonas, mold, mycoplasma chlamydia infection, vaginal inflammation, and sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and syphilis. If you have a sexually transmitted disease, it is best to treat it thoroughly before getting pregnant. Otherwise, it will cause miscarriage, premature delivery, and premature rupture of membranes.
5. Feces routine:
Check eggs, occult blood test, check the stool for red blood cells and white blood cells, and rule out enteritis, hemorrhoids, polyps and other diseases.
6. Gynecological endocrinology:
Including 6 items such as follicle stimulating hormone and luteal survival hormone. Diagnosis of ovarian diseases such as irregular menstruation, such as women suffering from ovarian tumors, even if the tumor is benign, the uterus enlarges after pregnancy, which affects the observation of the tumor, and even leads to miscarriage, premature delivery and other risks.
7. ABO hemolysis test:
Including blood type and ABO hemolysis titer. (The inspection object is: female blood type is O type, husband is type A, B, or has a history of unexplained miscarriage.) Avoid hemolysis in babies.
8. Oral inspection:
If the teeth do not have dental problems, you only need to clean your teeth. However, if the teeth of the expectant mother are severely damaged, the toothache during pregnancy requires medication or tooth extraction, which will have a great impact on the fetus, so if there is dental disease, it should be treated as soon as possible.
9. Chromosome inspection:
Check for genetic diseases. Couples of childbearing age who have a family history of genetic diseases should check for chromosomal abnormalities and detect Klinefelter syndrome, Turner’s syndrome and other genetic diseases and infertility early.
10. Diabetes detection:
Including fasting blood glucose test and glucose tolerance test. Women who have previously suffered from diabetes must consult a doctor for examination and evaluation before deciding whether to become pregnant.
11. Detection of hepatitis B virus antigen and antibody:
Hepatitis B virus can cause intrauterine infection through the placenta or interfere through the birth canal, causing the fetus to become a hepatitis B virus carrier after birth. Therefore, expectant mothers who plan to have a second child should undergo this test.
12. STD detection:
If you suspect that you or your husband have STDs or have had STDs, such as syphilis, AIDS, etc., you should undergo STD testing. If the test results are abnormal, you should be treated promptly.
13. TORCH detection:
TORCH testing includes testing for Toxoplasma gondii, rubella virus, cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus.
Pre-pregnancy examination items for male second child
The pre-pregnancy check-ups for the male second child mainly include semen examination, genitourinary system examination, infectious and venereal disease screening, chromosome and blood type examination, etc., through the examination before the second child, to ensure the healthy development of the fetus, and make the process of preparing the second child easier. smoothly. The specific pre-pregnancy examination items for male second children are:
1. Semen examination:
Semen examination is mainly to check the quality of male semen. Generally, sperm quality is determined by the color, liquefaction, motility, deformity rate, concentration, etc. of semen. It can also know sperm motility, whether it is low or weak, deformity rate, mortality, etc., to determine whether a man has prostatitis, etc. .
2. Examination of genitourinary system:
Check for genital tract infections, genital diseases, etc. Male genital tract infections often cause orchitis, epididymitis, prostatitis, seminal vesiculitis, urethritis, etc.
3. Infectious disease and STD screening:
Men who have not had a physical examination for a long time or who have had a previous history of infectious diseases should be screened for liver disease, tuberculosis, syphilis, and AIDS to prevent harm to the fetus.
4. Chromosome and blood type examination:
If the family has a history of genetic disease or the wife has type O blood, chromosome examination and blood group examination are required.
Do I have to check before pregnancy for a second child?
The second child should be checked before pregnancy. Whether it is the first or second child, pre-pregnancy check-ups are very important. Some mothers-to-be believe that they have already given birth to a baby, whether physically or psychologically, they feel that they can have a second child and do not need pre-pregnancy check-ups. In fact, pre-pregnancy examinations are also required for the second child. Many second-born mothers are older, and the probability of fetal problems will increase. At the same time, pregnant women will have more complications. Therefore, from the perspective of prenatal and postnatal care and the safety of mothers, giving birth to a second child should be more important. The effects of pre-pregnancy examinations when giving birth to a second child are:
1. Through the pre-pregnancy examination of the second child, determine whether the expectant mother can get pregnant again.
The expectant mother needs a period of recovery after giving birth to the first child. Through the pre-pregnancy examination of the second child, it is determined whether the mother’s body has fully recovered. The doctor will judge whether the pregnancy can be carried out again according to the pre-pregnancy examination and whether it can bear the second pregnancy Load will not harm the health of pregnant mothers.
2. Through the pre-pregnancy examination of the second child, avoid diseases that are not suitable for pregnancy.
The pre-pregnancy examination before giving birth to the second child can understand whether a woman has contracted other diseases that are not suitable for pregnancy after giving birth to the first child, so as to make all the guarantees for pregnancy. There are some expectant mothers who have diabetes after giving birth to their first child, and it is easy to merge with gestational diabetes after pregnancy. If it is not well controlled, it may lead to miscarriage, premature delivery, and even huge babies.
The best time to check the second child before pregnancy
The best time for the second child’s pre-pregnancy check is 3-6 months before the second pregnancy. For women, the second child’s pre-pregnancy check should be performed within 3-7 days after the menstruation is clean. It should be noted that it is best not to have the same room before the check. Affect inspection results. The pre-pregnancy check-up for the second child needs to be performed at least 3 months in advance, so that once other problems are found in the pre-pregnancy check-up, there is still time for intervention and treatment to make the pregnancy healthier and smoother. In addition to the pre-pregnancy check-up for the second child, the expectant mother must be carried out within 3-7 days after the menstruation is clean, and the father-to-be must also perform the pre-pregnancy check.