For a family, pregnancy is a kind of joy, a kind of comfort, and a kind of hope for the future. As the family attaches great importance to children, female friends also seem to be particularly concerned about health care during pregnancy.
In fact, what we call pregnancy refers to the process of embryo and fetus development in the mother's body. According to the characteristics of each period, clinically it can be divided into 3 periods. Early pregnancy (early pregnancy) before the 13th weekend, mid-term pregnancy (middle pregnancy) from the 14th to 27th week, and late pregnancy (late pregnancy) after the 28th week. pregnant).
For every life, she is sacred. Because from the very beginning of life, it is full of struggle, attack and injury. The sperm can only meet with the egg after the blood bathing and fighting through various obstacles. After that, the two enter the uterus hand in hand, take root and bud in the uterus, divide and differentiate into embryos, and finally fall to the ground. Any link is difficult to go through. If the sperm does not rush out of the barrier, it will cause infertility. If the two cannot reach the uterus together as scheduled, an ectopic pregnancy will result. The uterus cannot or cannot be firmly rooted, the embryo’s own chromosomes, or the environment of the mother. Failure to coexist well and other reasons can cause miscarriage. Life is not easy and sacred, and it is awe-inspiring to get out of danger. Therefore, no amount of attention can be paid to her too much.
Compared with the three stages of pregnancy, early pregnancy is a very important period for the formation of the placenta, the development and maturity of the fetus, and the mother. Now I will focus on how to treat pregnant women in early pregnancy, what problems to pay attention to, and some contraindications.
During this period, the mother's body will undergo great changes, which may have a certain impact on the mother's life. These conditions can be improved by changing lifestyles. Specifically:
Constipation Pregnant women with normal bowel habits can prevent constipation during pregnancy. Drink a glass of water every morning, eat more digestible fresh vegetables and fruits that contain more fiber, and take appropriate exercise every day, such as walking, swimming, yoga, etc. If necessary, laxatives can be taken orally.
Hemorrhoids. Pregnant women can eat more vegetables, soak in warm water, eat nuts and other moisturizing bowel movements to relieve pain and swelling;
Digestive system symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, you should eat small and frequent meals and avoid greasy food. And it can be treated with Vit B6 and other symptomatic treatment;
Low back pain When resting, a pillow on the back can relieve the pain. If necessary, rest in bed, apply local heat and take painkillers;
Lower extremities and vulvar varicose veins should try to avoid standing for a long time, the lower extremities should be tied with elastic bandages, and the lower extremities should be properly raised during night sleep to facilitate venous return;
Anemia In the early pregnancy, the iron requirement can be basically met through dietary supplementation, but oral iron should be given after 4 to 6 months of pregnancy;
Muscle spasm of lower limbs, calcium supplement in time;
Lower extremity edema: When sleeping, take the left side lying position. The lower extremity elevation 15° can improve the blood return of the lower extremities. If it does not disappear after rest, other diseases should be considered;
Supine position with hypotension, sleep on the left side;
Candida vaginitis should pay attention to local hygiene, timely treatment, improve immunity, and place clotrimazole suppository in the vagina.
The 8th week after pregnancy is the period when the structure of the main organs of the embryo has completed differentiation. From the 9th week, it is the period when the various organs are further developed and mature. In addition, the placenta is still unstable, the placental barrier has not yet fully formed, and harmful substances from the mother enter It cannot be filtered well in the fetus. For the fetus, every day experienced in the early pregnancy is a test. Any subtle and harmful changes may cause incalculable harm to the fetus. Therefore, pregnant women should be more careful.
The specific issues and taboos that should be paid attention to are:
Improve immunity and take medicine to prevent illness. Even if you take medicine, you must take medicine that has little effect on the fetus;
Early pregnancy is a critical period for the formation and maturity of the nervous system. Folic acid should be taken regularly from the beginning of pregnancy to 12 weeks after pregnancy;
In terms of diet: There is an old Chinese saying that it is not easy to get hot before giving birth. Therefore, supplements such as longan, bird’s nest and ginseng should not be eaten; spicy and dry foods such as chili, pepper, cinnamon, pepper, fennel, etc. should not be eaten; high-sugar foods should not be eaten; foods with stimulating effects, such as coffee or foods should not be eaten Caffeine beverages; try to eat less foods containing more food additives; ensure that the diet is high in calories, rich in protein, fat, sugar, appropriate supplements of trace elements and vitamins, eat more vegetables, and foods high in fiber. But care should be taken to avoid overnutrition;
Pay attention to rest and prohibit strenuous activities;
Sexual activities should be prohibited during early pregnancy;
Reduce tension and listen to some relaxing music;
Try not to go to public places with many people and disorder;
Because some pregnant women have symptoms of constipation, pregnant women often feel that it is caused by heat and drink some tea, but herbal tea and medicines for diarrhea caused by bitter cold should be avoided;
If you have vaginal bleeding, bloody leucorrhea, or abdominal pain, go to the hospital at any time;
Don’t blindly ask for fetal protection. If the abortion is caused by the embryo’s own problems, you should make a rational decision based on the doctor’s recommendation;
Pay full attention to it, and you should not feel that you are not paying attention after the first trimester. There are risk factors in the later pregnancy.
Pregnant women should follow the above suggestions and measures, which will be conducive to the healthy birth of the baby.