2020年11月17日星期二

hemorrhoids early pregnancy,Have you been shot on the blacklist of baby products?

    Baby products blacklist, moms, have you been "shot"?

    2016-12-01 Healer Tribe

    Second Crisis

    Ennio Morricone-The Legend of 1900 (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

    Heibang No. 1-Anti-Side Pillow

    You may have seen this anti-side sleeping pillow on JD.com and Taobao. The price ranges from 30-80 yuan and the sales volume is good. But recently the US CPSC and FDA warned: Do not use this "anti-side pillow" that keeps babies in a specific sleeping position.

    The pillow has caused at least 13 infant deaths in the past 15 years. The selling point of this type of sleeping position locator is to keep the child lying on his back to prevent suffocation and sudden death after rollover. But things are counterproductive: lying on the side is not guarded, it is more troublesome for the child to unintentionally get down. It’s best for babies to lie on their backs. The simpler the better, it won’t be superfluous.

    Black List No. 2-Red Potion Purple Potion

    The red syrup contains mercury, which can cause harm to the human body if absorbed through the skin. Purple potion, if it is applied to damaged skin, it may leave spots. For minor scratches, you do not need to use any disinfectant, just rinse it with clean water.

    If you are bleeding, you can choose iodophor. Iodophor is not irritating and relatively safe. You can buy a small bottle of iodophor on the market, and then iodophor plus a cotton swab for outside, the effect is better.

    Black List No. 3-You Cardan, Good Baby

    At the end of May last year, the official website of the State Food and Drug Administration officially issued a notice to revise the instructions of over-the-counter drugs containing "amantadine hydrochloride". Because such drugs lack data on the safety and effectiveness of newborns and infants under one year old, Eucardan and other drugs are forbidden within 1 year old, and children under 5 years old are not recommended.

    At present, most of the children’s cold medicines containing "amantadine hydrochloride" sold in pharmacies on the market are "Haowa" (Pediatric Paracetamol Granules), "Ukadan" (Pediatric Paracetamol Granules), and "Kaihua Kangbao" "(Pediatric paracetamol granules) and "Dilong" (ammonia golden sensitive granules) and other brand products.

    "Ucardan" and "Haohua" are actually the same medicine produced by different manufacturers. The common name is pediatric acetaminophen granules. Its ingredients are: acetaminophen, amantadine hydrochloride, artificial bezoar, coffee Because, chlorpheniramine maleate.

    Among them, artificial bezoar is a traditional Chinese medicine for "antipyretic and anti-shock", but it has no effect. Caffeine is a central stimulant and is used for refreshing. Amantadine hydrochloride is an antiviral drug, but it cannot fight the common cold virus. It used to be able to fight influenza virus, but now influenza virus has reached 100% resistance to it, and it has no effect on influenza. Therefore, the real effective ingredients of "Ucardan" and "Good Baby" are acetaminophen and chlorpheniramine maleate.

    If you think that eating "you cardan" or "good baby" is effective for colds, you can buy acetaminophen by yourself. It is much cheaper and safer, and you can avoid adverse reactions caused by those ineffective ingredients.

    Heibang No. 4-Bone Density Check

    Bone density is a radiological test that uses a small dose of radiation to detect bone density. If there are no people with risk factors such as underweight, long-term use of certain drugs (such as steroids), and certain diseases (such as anorexia nervosa, rheumatoid arthritis, depression, etc.), women over 65 and men over 70 are recommended to accept Bone density check.

    It is not very meaningful for children to check the bone density, because each child’s bone density value is different. The bone densitometers used in different hospitals are different, and the locations for measuring bone density are different in each hospital. There is no bone density measurement for children in the world. The standard value. At the same time, if the bone density is normal for a baby, its calcium absorption will decrease, mainly passive absorption. The higher the body's need for calcium, the stronger its ability to actively absorb calcium.

    For infants and young children, the focus of the physical examination is on the basis of understanding the child's "eating, drinking and sleeping", combined with the measurement of growth indicators, the doctor's physical examination, and the evaluation of growth and development, with the emphasis on "nurturing" guidance.

    For children, especially infants in the vigorous growth stage, low bone density means rapid growth, which is a good phenomenon, not an indication of calcium supplementation. Too much calcium will increase the burden on the kidneys and other organs.

    Heibang No. 5-Trace Element Inspection

    For clinical testing of the human body for the risk of vitamin D deficiency rickets, the reference is neither the value of trace elements nor the value of bone density, but the value of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. A value less than 20ng/ml is considered to be vitamin D deficiency. Normally fed children, as long as they are supplemented with enough vitamin D for their daily physiological needs, there is no need for additional calcium supplementation, and there is no need to use instruments or blood draws for various tests.

    Since the physiological effect of calcium, zinc, iron and other elements is not in the blood, it is meaningless to detect trace elements. In particular, there is no scientific reason to detect hair. Peripheral blood testing cannot guarantee that the blood will not be diluted by tissue fluid when taking blood, so even the blood level cannot be represented. Trace element testing will lead parents to pay too much attention to trace elements, leading to the prevalence of trace element preparations, thereby neglecting balanced nutrition, which will cause no harm.

    The harm of blindly supplementing trace elements to children:

    Vitamin D and calcium excess: hypercalcemia, organ tissue calcification;

    Zinc excess: gastrointestinal discomfort, nausea, vomiting;

    Vitamin A overdose: lethargy, vomiting, and in severe cases can also cause increased intracranial pressure and coma.

    Black List No. 6-Colostrum

    On September 1, 2012, the Ministry of Health implemented new regulations: Colostrum cannot be added to infant formula, older infant and toddler formula, and special medical purpose infant formula.

    Colostrum is milk produced within 7 days after giving birth to cows. It is physiologically abnormal milk. Its physical properties and composition are very different from normal milk. Its yield is low, industrial collection is difficult, and its quality is unstable. It is not suitable for processing infants. Formula food for toddlers.

    Pediatric scientists believe that if the estrogen in bovine colostrum is excessive, if it cannot be metabolized normally by the child, it will stay in the body to promote gonadal development, leading to precocious puberty.

    Yun Wuxin (Ph.D. in Food Engineering): There hasn't been much research on bovine colostrum at all, and there is no evidence of its usefulness. "No evidence is useful", so there is "no need to add."

    Black List No. 7-Baby Swimming Collar

    Swimming in the way of a collar, the child's posture in the water is vertical, which deviates from the traditional way that swimming is done horizontally, and it is easy to cause the child to misunderstand.

    Why is collar swimming unsafe?

    1. The baby's neck is very soft, and the collar is easy to damage the baby's tender cervical spine;

    2. The collar is plastic. It has been clinically seen that babies are allergic to the collar or excessive friction of the collar causes dermatitis;

    3. The neck is easy to compress the trachea;

    4. The most dangerous thing is that people have carotid sinuses on their necks. If they are accidentally compressed, baroreflexes can occur, heart rate slows down, blood pressure drops, and even shock can occur in severe cases! The collar is in this danger!

    For a baby, the best way to swim is to be held by an adult and drag the baby's buttocks with one forearm. Hold the baby's back with the other hand and press the adult's body into the water. In the water, you can try to drag the baby's buttocks, or hug the armpit with both hands, try to make the baby feel the joy of playing in the water.

    Black List No. 8-Children's Soy Sauce

    People's Daily Online recently published an investigation report on children's soy sauce. The report wrote: In the description of the characteristics of children's soy sauce, many parties have repeatedly stated that it is "low-salt, light-mouth brewed soy sauce". But according to the reporter's observation, this is not true.

    The sodium content of children's soy sauce on the nutritional composition table on the market, which can represent the salt content, is equivalent to that of ordinary soy sauce, and the sodium content of some children's soy sauce even exceeds that of ordinary soy sauce. The sodium content of Haitian children's soy sauce is 1020mg/15ml, or 6800mg/100ml, while the sodium content of its ordinary soy sauce Haitian soy sauce gold standard light soy sauce is 6400mg/100ml. It can be seen that children's soy sauce is "salter" than ordinary soy sauce.

    The label of Haitian Children’s Soy Sauce even has a reminder of “15ml recommended daily consumption”. According to the nutritional composition table, if consumers follow this recommended amount, it means that the child’s daily intake of sodium from soy sauce alone is 1020mg. According to the "Reference Intake Table of Dietary Nutrients for Chinese Residents", the appropriate intake of macro and trace elements for children aged 7 to 11 is only 1000 mg to 1200 mg per day. The recommended intake of sodium for children under 7 The intake is even less than 1000mg, which shows that Haitian’s recommended amount of "15ml per day" for children’s soy sauce without age restriction is absurd.

    Except for a few brands of children's soy sauce such as Kuan brand, Yuanmuji, etc., which are purely natural brewed by sales staff, the other brands of children's soy sauce such as Jiajia, Jinguanyuan, and Haitian are all formulated soy sauces containing food additives, preservatives, Sweeteners, colors, and flavors are "a lot of one".

    Zhao Xinhua, deputy secretary general of the China Health Care Association, told reporters that special dietary foods are specially processed foods with special formulas to meet the physiological needs of certain special populations or the nutritional needs of patients with certain diseases. According to the "General Rules for the Labeling of Prepackaged Foods for Special Dietary Uses", foods for special dietary use refer to the ingredients or content of such foods, which should be significantly different from comparable ordinary foods. However, the children's soy sauce on the market today is not significantly different from ordinary soy sauce, and it is not specially marked on the label, which indeed "won" the word "child".

    Infants and children need a light taste because the child’s development is not yet complete, the organs are very delicate, and the sodium in the salt will burden the kidneys. At the same time, the taste of infants and young children is also in the process of development, and they are more sensitive to the stimulation of foreign condiments. Adding soy sauce, salt and other condiments can easily cause babies to be picky and anorexia.

    For children aged 1 to 3, the amount of soy sauce added to the diet should be controlled within 1 gram.

    Black List No. 9-Toddler Belt and Walker

    Leading a child to walk with a toddler belt is not good for the development of lower limb joints. Walking is a natural developmental process and human intervention should not be premature.

    The child has been sitting on a walker for a long time, and he has not undergone the training to climb, which will easily cause him to feel disorder in the future. In addition, after the child rides the walker, the weight of his whole body is pressed down. Although he is sitting and walking, his weight is pressed on both feet. So sometimes we see the child When riding a baby walker, it is often in the shape of a clubfoot. After a long period of time, one is very easy to cause the child's lower limb deformity. In addition, the child is also easy to develop the habit of foot varus or foot valgus.

    Therefore, we do not recommend that children take a walker, let alone a child who rides a walker, who does not have a good balance. As long as he leaves the walker, he will not stand steady because the frame of the walker does not let him It is possible to undergo balance training, so children cannot ride a walker.

    In 2001, the American Association of Pediatrics AAP released a research report on baby walkers, which pointed out the injuries and fatal accidents caused by baby walkers. Therefore, AAP also recommended that the production and sales of walkers be prohibited.

    Black List No. 10-Honey for babies under 1 year old

    [Do not feed honey to babies under 1 year old] Infant botulism rarely occurs over 1 year old, because the natural microbiota in the intestinal tract has matured, which is not good for the spores to germinate.

    The early symptom of infant botulism is constipation, followed by drowsiness, difficulty in feeding, general muscle weakness, and weak crying. Most patients require hospitalization, but fatal cases are rare.

    Still not recommend to drink honey water for children over one year old. In addition to milk, white water is the only recommended drink for children and adults. It is recommended that sweet drinks be tasted only occasionally over one year old.

    Black List No. 11-Children's Eye Drops

    Many babies have more tears and more viscous secretions in one eye, which are caused by poor patency of the nasolacrimal duct. At regular intervals, especially when you get up early, apply a warm towel to your eyes to remove sticky secretions. It is best to rinse the eyes with saline. As long as the white eyes are not red, do not use eye drops or ointments containing antibiotics. Massage the inner canthus under the inner corner of the eye also has a certain effect. The nasolacrimal duct usually unblocks itself and rarely requires surgery.

    [Eye drops are risky to children] The U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns: Over-the-counter eye drops contain tetrahydrozoline, oxymetazoline or naphazoline. Children's dosage as small as 1 to 2 mL may cause serious adverse reactions. Nausea, vomiting, tachycardia, slow breathing, bradycardia, hypotension, high blood pressure, lethargy, dilated pupils, and coma. Parents should keep these medicines out of children's reach.

    "In short-term use of eye drops, the preservatives in them will not cause any problems, long-term use, but there will be various adverse reactions. One of them is the toxic effect on the cells of the conjunctiva and cornea. Long-term use contains preservatives. The eye drops may destroy the "manufacturer" of the important components of the film, and instead aggravate dry eyes."

    For the average person, the most important point is that eye drops are medicines, not "magic weapons" for eye protection. They are not needed and should not be used for a long time under healthy conditions.

    Black List No. 12-Take the shit and pee

    Don’t give your baby the urine. Just give the baby a damp diaper. The baby will slowly control the urination by himself. If the baby is always given the urine, the baby’s bladder will hardly have a chance to fill, and the baby will not have the intention to urinate. Baby may have difficulty urinating by himself!

    The recommended time to start bowel training is 12-27 months. It is not recommended for babies to start "pooping poop and pee" when they are a few months old, because the child's spine and hip joints are not well developed. Long-term maintenance of the "handle" position is not good for the body's development, and may easily cause joint laxity or even dislocation. Secondly, the brain of a few months old baby is immature, and it will be pulled after feeding. The so-called "rectal child" does not need to be defecate regularly at this time.

    It is unscientific that diapers (diapers, diapers) affect the development of children's genitals. Many countries have used it for decades and have not found similar problems. It is the traditional method of "handling the urine" or "handling the stool", which is likely to cause prolapse of the baby and cause hemorrhoids. The high incidence of hemorrhoids in humans has a certain relationship with the acceptance of "pasting urine" and "pasing stool" in childhood.

    Black List No. 13-Baoyingdan

    Don't give your child Baoyingdan. The bitter cold medicine in it is harmful to the child's liver and kidneys. This medicine is wrong and can only worsen the diarrhea. Many proprietary Chinese medicines contain ingredients that are harmful to children's health, such as Zhibao Tablets and Baoying Pills, so don't take medicine casually if you are not sick.

    Baoying Dan ancient prescription: Tianma, rhino horn, antelope horn, bezoar, musk, toad crisp, agarwood (a cow, I have eaten such a powerful medicine since I was a child), modern formula adds more than ten such as cinnabar, realgar, croton cream, whole scorpion, pinellia Taste Chinese medicine. (With so many poisonous drugs, do parents dare to give them to their children?)

    Heibang No. 14-Monkey Date San

    Houzao San contains Asarum, a plant of the Aristolochiaceae family, and aristolochic acid, which can cause irreversible damage to the kidneys. Do not use it. The scorpion in Houzao San is also very toxic. Its main ingredient, monkey jujube, is the stone in the monkey's body. It sounds disgusting. Why do you eat it?

    The pediatric magic drug [Houzao San] produced in mainland China generally contains Asarum, and Asarum contains Aristolochic acid. The Hong Kong version does not contain asarum, but contains other things. In addition, the so-called monkey dates must be monkey stones. It is true that Houzao San is relatively toxic, and our hospital Chinese pharmacy specially reminded it.

    In addition, according to China Economic Net, on May 6 and July 12, 2011, the Hong Kong Department of Health successively recalled a number of children’s proprietary Chinese medicines, such as "Hua Tuo" high-quality Baoying Pill, Wanying Baoying Pill, and Wanying Monkey Zao San, etc. are included in the recall due to excessive mercury content and powder weight. A spokesperson for the Department of Health said that acute mercury poisoning can cause mouth inflammation. Long-term excessive intake of mercury can cause damage to the nervous system and kidneys. Young children are especially vulnerable.

    Heibang No. 15-Seven Star Tea, Kai Milk Tea

    I do not agree to drink Qixing tea for my child, which is not good for my child’s health. Don't categorize all problems as "fire" problems, and injure the child's spleen and stomach by blindly giving the child gunpowder.

    For newborns, don’t give your children any medicine. I really don’t understand. Why would you want to drink Qixing tea for your children? It is because the medicine is very harmful to the liver for such an immature child, so why give the child medicine?

    I really don’t understand why some mothers don’t listen to the scientific methods of parenting, but instead listen to the old customs, what newborn babies are fed with huanglian water, Qixing tea, seahorse water, and licorice water. These old customs will hurt the child's stomach. Science has developed to this day. Most of the mothers are born in the 80s or even 90s, and they have not learned much about parenting. What can I say! With all due respect, I get annoyed as soon as I see such questions being asked.

    The baby does not need to drink extra water within 6 months, regardless of breastfeeding or artificial feeding.

    Babies who are exclusively breastfed within 6 months need to be supplemented with vitamin D preparations and do not need to feed anything else, including water.

    In addition to formula milk, artificially fed babies do not need to feed anything else, including water, Qixing tea, and milk tea.

    Babies under 6 months of age only need to breastfeed. They don’t need to add water, rice soup, juice, vegetable water, milk tea green, honeysuckle water, coptis water... These words make my mouth grow calluses.

    It is doubtful whether herbal tea is beneficial to adults. Feeding babies is really cheap. The complex ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine in herbal tea are hard to believe that it is harmless to babies. Besides, there is no evidence that herbal tea is beneficial to babies or can solve any problems. What do you do with it?

    Heibang No. 16-Yanhuning and other traditional Chinese medicine injections

    As early as September 1, 2009, the 23rd Adverse Drug Reaction Information Bulletin issued by the State Food and Drug Administration pointed out that the serious adverse events of Chuanhuning injection and Yanhuning injection were more prominent. When using these two injections The indications should be strictly controlled and used with caution in children.

    According to Sohu Health Report, in early September 2012, more than 10 infants in Hefei suffered general shock after being injected with Yanhuning. In the previous August, 11 patients in Jiangsu also experienced adverse reactions after using the injection, which was stopped by the local drug administration.

    Yanhuning injection has a "previous history", and it's still inferior. For example, a paper shows that "Among the adverse drug reactions/events reported by medical institutions at all levels in Shenzhen from 2008 to 2009, Yanhuning ranked first in traditional Chinese medicine or injections from Chinese medicine for two consecutive years."

    Yanhuning is a dehydroandrographolide succinate half-ester potassium salt refined from andrographolide, an extract of Andrographis paniculata, a plant of the Acanthaceae family. Severe adverse reactions are mainly systemic damage. The main symptoms are anaphylactic shock, allergic-like reactions, chills, high fever, etc. The skin and its appendages damage mainly manifested as rash. Among them, 53% of the patients were children under 14 years of age, and 38% of the patients died of anaphylactic shock due to drugs. .

    Just check Baidu, there are so many proprietary Chinese medicine injections as Shuanghuanglian, Qingkailing, Xingnao, Asarum, Xiyanping, Yanhuning, Xueshuantong, Shenmai Injection, Shengmai, Danshen, Ginkgo biloba extract Herbs, leeches, astragalus, Qinghao, Bupleurum, zedoary oil... If the doctor gives you any proprietary Chinese medicine injections, I suggest you refuse them. In my eyes, these medicines are useless and have serious side effects!

    The State Food and Drug Administration reminds attention that Xiyanping injection and Mailuoning injection cause severe allergies (2012-06-26)

    "Xiyanping", in the case report database of the National Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring Center in 2011, there were 1,048 cases of Xiyanping injection involving children under 14 years old, accounting for 71.00% of the overall report; 28 of them were severely reported, accounting for The overall serious report is 57.14%. The main adverse reactions reported by children were allergic-like reactions, anaphylactic shock, cyanosis, and dyspnea.

    Heibang No. 17-infants and young children feeding glucose

    Parents often complain that babies who are a few months old do not like to drink water, and ask whether they can use dextrose water, fruit juice and other flavored water to make their children drink more water, so as not to "get angry"? This is a common misunderstanding of parents, that is, to drink plenty of water to be healthy. In fact, babies mainly drink milk. Milk contains a lot of water to meet the needs of the body, so children naturally don't like to drink water. As long as the baby's urine is yellowish or colorless, it means there is no shortage of water.

    I do not recommend that children drink glucose water, because children have the strongest affinity for sweetness, and children will not like to drink plain water in the future. In addition, glucose water contains calories and has no other nutrients except sugar. If you eat too much sugar water, it will definitely affect your normal milk intake.

    Many netizens often drink glucose water for their children, some to reduce yellowing of newborns; some use it as a seasoning when not drinking white water; some add nutrients. Only low blood sugar requires oral glucose. Glucose is a simple sugar and there is no rate-limiting enzyme in the intestine. After oral administration, glucose will increase, causing pancreas and kidney emergency, which is harmful to the body. Intravenous glucose needs to control the infusion rate, while oral administration is difficult to control the intestinal absorption rate.

    Glucose is a simple sugar and is directly absorbed without digestion in the intestine. For infant jaundice, by increasing the amount of feeding, resulting in an increase in defecation, the excretion of bilirubin in the intestine can be increased, and the level of bilirubin in the body can be reduced, thereby reducing the effect of jaundice. The process of glucose absorption only increases the glucose content in the blood, but does not increase the amount of defecation, so it is unfavorable for neonatal jaundice.

    In the past, newborns were often fed glucose water to prevent hypoglycemia and dehydration before they were given milk 6 hours after birth. But it is not necessary for most babies. Newborns are born with storage of water, glucose and fat. In the first few days, a small amount of colostrum can fully meet the demand without adding any beverages and breastmilk substitutes. The initial use of bottle nipple to feed sugar water and milk replacer is prone to nipple illusion and even cause breastfeeding failure.

    Black List No. 18-Shocking! ! !

    Some infants and young children appear quiet and lethargic after taking "Xiaoer Jingfeng San". Chinese medicine believes that this is to calm the "fright" and extinguish the "wind". Parents also think that it is the medicine to cure the disease. From the child's crying troubles Freed, I couldn't help but admire the magic and "extensive and profound" of Chinese medicine. In fact, the "effect" of taking "Xiaoer Jingfeng San" is exactly the symptom of mercury poisoning.

    Baidu Encyclopedia: Cinnabar, also known as cinnabar, dansha, chidan, and mercury sand, is a natural ore of mercury sulfide (chemical name: HgS). Cinnabar is a compound of mercury. Mercury has a special affinity for the serogroups in protein. At high concentrations, it can inhibit a variety of enzymes and activities. Mercury entering the body is mainly distributed in the liver and kidneys, causing liver and kidney damage, and can penetrate the blood-brain barrier to directly damage the central nervous system.

    The quiet performance of children after taking traditional Chinese medicine containing cinnabar is not a soothing effect, but a depression caused by poisoning...In the current four major drug standards in China, there are more than 300 prescription preparations containing cinnabar, and the common ones are as follows : Xiaoer Baishou Pill, Xiaoer Zhibao Pill, Xiaoer Jindan Tablet, Xiaoer Jingfeng San, Xiaoer Qingre Tablet, Tianwang Buxin Pill, Toothache One Pill, Niuhuang Qingxin Pill, Niuhuang Zhenjing Pill, Niuhuang Qingnao Pill, Bushen Yi Brain slice.

    Black List No. 19-Candle Bag

    The "candle bag" constricts the baby's body, especially the hands and feet, so that the baby may be less active in the cold season and easily lead to cold injuries such as scleredema; if the "candle bag" is too tight and thick, the ambient temperature is too high Sometimes (there are many rural areas sleeping on hot kang in winter), the body temperature may be too high due to the lack of heat dissipation in time, and even cause the baby's death.

    In fact, the curled limbs of a newborn is a manifestation of the development of the nervous system, which does not need to be corrected artificially. As the nervous system matures, the limbs will naturally straighten. As for playing candle packs to prevent children from moving too much in the future, it is unfounded. Therefore, for the baby's "freedom" and health, it is better not to use candle packs.

    For children with hip dysplasia, the earlier the treatment, the simpler the treatment, preferably from the newborn period, the child is not painful, you can use various braces or a large number of ordinary diapers to keep the hip joint in flexion, abduction, and external rotation. It can be reset naturally. It is most taboo to use candle packs to bind children's lower limbs, especially in the colder winter season, which is prone to high incidence of hip dislocation.

    Newborns or small babies are not recommended to bundle candles, nor to wear gloves, because the child’s hip joint development is not fully mature, so it is easy to cause hip subluxation or dislocation, and the child’s limbs should be free to move . The hand is a sensitive organ for children to explore, and putting gloves on will deprive children of tactile learning. Tuck the quilt on all sides when sleeping, the child will feel safe.

    Playing candle packs will restrict the baby's physical activities and may also affect the blood supply of the lower limbs. In particular, it restricts the baby's hip joint exercise, and the incidence of hip dislocation will increase. If the baby's thighs are kept open, the hip socket can be deepened and prevent dislocation of the hip joint. The survey shows that: southern babies are mostly back on their backs and their legs are separated like frogs. The incidence of hip dislocation is indeed much lower than that of northern babies who have been playing "candle packs" for a long time.

    Black List No. 20-Open Crotch Pants

    I have always disliked wearing open crotch pants for my baby, because it does not respect the privacy of the baby and it is not hygienic. I recommend that babies wear buried pants and diapers when they are young, and retain the freedom to urinate and defecate anytime and anywhere. After the baby can express, train the baby to urinate and defecate by himself. My baby has been able to express recently, so I started training her to urinate and urinate today.

    Prepubertal, especially infants and young children, are relatively high-risk groups of vulvovaginitis, because the vagina and anus are very close, lack of protective pubic hair, labia fat pad, and lack of estrogen protection. It is best for girls to reduce wearing open crotch pants, change diapers frequently, do not use irritating soap, wear tight pants less, and protect small PP.

    Heibang No. 21-Qinghuobao and other milk powder products

    The idea of ​​"drinking milk powder is easy to get angry" is "deep-rooted" in some people, so some milk powder auxiliary products have been born. Such products often contain Chinese medicines that can be used for diet therapy, such as hawthorn and lotus seeds. However, we believe that although milk powder is not comparable to breast milk, there is no "drinking milk powder is easy to get angry", so there is no need to use auxiliary products that have the effect of "removing fire". Especially for children without supplementary food, additional gastrointestinal burden will be generated.

    Some children have "too much eye feces", or "constipation", or "sour breath", the mother thinks it is "getting angry". At present, many businesses are seizing the psychology of these mothers, looking at business opportunities, and wanting to promote their products as "failure" and "milk powder that can't get hot". Some mothers were misled, so they generously opened their wallets and bought them for their children. The child became an experiment to "fail the fire", the pleasure of the business broke down, and the child suffered.

    Black List No. 22-Chewing and Feeding Children

    Often children infected with Helicobacter pylori are mainly passed on to him by adults. For example, adults chew and feed their children, adults use bowls and other utensils they have used for children, and there is no difference in causing family members to eat the same dishes. Unhealthy feeding methods can cause endless harm.

    The infection rate of Helicobacter pylori is higher in childhood, which is closely related to improper feeding method. When feeding young children, do not feed chewed food to the child.

    Where do cariogenic bacteria come from? It turned out to be infected from the oral cavity of adults. When parents, grandparents, uncles and aunts should treat their dental caries and periodontal diseases in time. To have healthy teeth and clean mouth is responsible for the next generation. Reminder: Children should use their own special bowl and spoon.

    Black List No. 23-Use alcohol to wipe bath with fever

    Many parents use alcohol scrubbing to cool their babies when they have a fever, but they don't know much about the operation of alcohol scrubbing. As a result, reports of adverse consequences and even accidents are common. The skin and mucous membranes can absorb alcohol and drugs. Although its absorption capacity is weaker than oral and injection, due to the low dose of drug poisoning in infants and young children, the skin and mucous membrane area is relatively softer than adults, so infants and young children are often poisoned by topical drugs appear. If the concentration of alcohol rubbing bath is high, the dosage is too large, the method of rubbing bath is not standardized, and the bathing time is too long, it will cause excessive alcohol to be absorbed from the skin into the blood, which will cause acute alcoholism.

    Netease News once reported that the two-month-old baby boy Xiaohai was admitted to the intensive care unit because his grandmother wiped him with white wine and caused alcoholism.

    Sina News also reported that after a baby boy had a fever, his family used a large amount of white wine to wipe the bath. He suffered from irregular breathing and convulsions throughout the body. After he was sent to the doctor, he was diagnosed as alcoholism with respiratory failure after a blood test.

    Family rubbing with alcohol often fails to achieve the desired effect. The reason is that it is not easy for parents to grasp the parts of the large blood vessels, so that the antipyretic effect is limited, but the child's chilling radiation is increased. Because the alcohol will take away the heat from the skin surface during the process of evaporation, the skin will shrink and shiver, which is not conducive to the heat dissipation in the body. It is recommended to use warm and wet compresses and warm baths in the family, which is safer.

    Alcohol massage is used for babies with fever. If the amount of alcohol is not well controlled, it is easy to cause alcoholism.

    For infants with fever, we recommend:

    1. Drink plenty of water;

    2. Warm and wet compress;

    3. Warm water bath;

    4. Take antipyretic drugs if the body temperature exceeds 38.5 degrees;

    5. It is best to use the two antipyretic drugs alternately;

    6. The high fever does not go away for three days. You must see a doctor. Parents are not recommended to use alcohol wipes at home to cool the baby.

    Heibang No. 24-Apply salt water, soy sauce, toothpaste after the child is burned

    For preschool children, scalds and burns are a common injury that is very threatening. When the temperature exceeds 50°C, the skin can be severely damaged within a few seconds. Many parents don't know much about how to deal with children's scalds. They use salt water, soy sauce or toothpaste for treatment. In fact, doing so will worsen the injury.

    It is not advisable to apply salt water, soy sauce, or toothpaste after a child is scalded.

    The temporarily prepared saline is not necessarily normal saline, and the concentration is deviated. In addition, salt water does not play a role in heat dissipation; soy sauce should not be used after burns. First of all, soy sauce contains salt, which will cause the wound cells to synergize and increase the damage. Secondly, soy sauce is not sterile, if it is not processed further, it may cause infection. Thirdly, the dark brown of soy sauce covers the wound, which affects the doctor's judgment on the depth of the wound; applying toothpaste will cause the heat to wrap around the skin and continue to damage the skin.

    The correct way to deal with a child's scald should be: "flush, take off, soak, cover, and send." These five steps are indispensable, and the sequence cannot be chaotic.

    1. Rinse: Directly use mild, flowing tap water to rush to the burned area, as soon as possible, and persist for more than 20 minutes.

    2. Take off: Use gentle movements to take off the coat of the burned person while flushing. When the clothes are stuck to the local skin, do not peel them off forcefully. You can cut off the clothes that are not stuck around the adhesion, and keep the stuck clothes intact.

    3. Soaking: Soak the wound in cold water for about 30 minutes.

    4. Cover: Wrapped with sterile dressing for protection

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