1. What is anorectal disease?
Anorectal diseases are common and frequently-occurring diseases unique to humans. The incidence rate is high. Broadly speaking, various diseases that occur on the anus and large intestine are called anorectal diseases, and there are more than 180 kinds of diseases. In a narrow sense: various diseases occur on the anus and rectum. There are more than 30 common diseases, such as: internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, mixed hemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal fistulas, perianal abscesses, anal skin diseases, anal sinusitis, proctitis, Rectal ulcer, export constipation, rectal prolapse, rectal protrusion, rectal mucosal prolapse, anorectal stenosis, anal incontinence, anal cancer, rectal cancer, anal papilloma, rectal polyps, anorectal tuberculosis, anal neurosis, Condyloma acuminata, anorectal congenital malformations, anorectal trauma, etc.
According to authoritative data from the Chinese Anorectal Association, the incidence of anorectal diseases is 59.1%, among which the incidence of hemorrhoids is the highest, accounting for 87.25% of the total incidence. More importantly, many people don't know enough about the harmfulness of anorectal diseases, and they often think that it doesn't matter; or they buy some drugs to relieve symptoms when the disease occurs. In fact, if the anorectal diseases are not scientifically and effectively treated, the mild cases are constipation, blood in the stool, and anus prolapse; in the severe cases, the swelling and pain are unbearable, the blood vessels are ruptured, and the inability to defecate, which will bring great inconvenience to the lives of patients and families.
2. What causes the high incidence of anorectal diseases?
(1) Poor defecation habits: When going to the toilet, squatting and reading the newspaper will cause the squat and defecation time to be prolonged, which can easily cause blood stasis in the anus and rectum and induce diseases. Smoking while going to the toilet can buffer the brain's defecation reflex, which can easily cause constipation. Excessive force during defecation, some people, regardless of whether the defecation is strong or not, blindly and constantly strive hard, which can only increase the unnecessary burden of the rectal anus and pelvic floor muscles and local blood stasis, leading to the occurrence and development of the disease.
(2) Abnormal defecation: Diarrhea and constipation are both important pathogenic factors of anorectal diseases. Constipation is the biggest curse. Long-term retention of toxic substances in the rectum can not only induce rectal cancer, but also the accumulation of stool, which affects blood circulation. Exercising the dry fecal mass will inevitably cause a series of pathological changes such as blood stasis, swelling and cracks in the anus. Diarrhea is often a clinical manifestation of colon disease. Diarrhea can also increase the chance of local infection of the anus, resulting in anal sinusitis, inflammatory external hemorrhoids, perianal abscess and other diseases.
(3) Dietary factors: In daily life, it is natural that the dietary pattern or diet variety will inevitably change. For example, the quality of food, changes in vegetable types and quantity, the amount of protein, fat, starch, cellulose, etc., and water intake can directly affect the composition of feces and cause anorectal diseases. People who drink alcohol or eat spicy food for a long time, because alcohol and spicy food can stimulate the mucous membrane of the digestive tract, cause vasodilation, colonic dysfunction, and anorectal diseases. According to the national census data, the incidence of spicy food is 61.6%, and the incidence of drinking alcohol is 64.6%, which is significantly higher than the total incidence.
(4) Occupational factors: standing or sitting for a long time. The anus and rectum lie in the lower part of the human body due to the upright or sitting posture, and the hemorrhoid veins are not smooth.
(5) Chronic diseases: such as long-term malnutrition and weak physique, causing relaxation and weakness of the anal sphincter. Suffering from chronic bronchitis and emphysema for a long time, abdominal pressure rises due to cough and asthma, and pelvic blood stasis. Chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, diarrhea, colitis, etc. are all triggers for anorectal diseases. Therefore, in prevention, attention should be paid to the patient's general condition and reasonable and effective preventive measures should be taken.
Experts remind: For anal diseases, in addition to paying attention to diet and life, what should be done is to go to a regular specialist hospital for diagnosis and treatment in time to avoid other anorectal diseases.