With the westernization of lifestyle and eating habits, the incidence of rectal polyps in China, especially in developed cities, has a significant upward trend. The etiology is related to diet and bowel habits, genetic factors, and inflammation. The main clinical manifestation is blood in the stool. In the early stage, he was often mistaken for hemorrhoids and did not go to the doctor, or he was unwilling to do colonoscopy after the doctor. The pathological properties are different, some are benign tumors, and some polyps become abhorrent to rectal cancer. Rectal polyps are not terrible, as long as you see a doctor early and treat them early, the effect is very satisfactory. As for prevention, it is recommended to start with diet and living habits. The diet should be light, eat less spicy, fried, fried, spirits and indigestible foods, eat more vegetables and fruits, exercise properly, and keep the stool soft and regular.
Small rectal polyps can be removed under colonoscopy. The larger ones, especially those with a broad base, and those who suspect malignant changes, are traditionally treated by surgical open surgery. However, the surgical trauma is large, and some patients have completely removed the tumor after the operation, but they have brought serious complications, such as bowel and urination dysfunction, sexual dysfunction, etc., and even some patients have a lifelong colostomy and stool diversion . In recent years, studies have found that for some low-grade tumors, especially early-stage tumors, without deep tissue infiltration and lymph node metastasis, local resection can be performed through the anus. Other diseases include carcinoid, neuroendocrine carcinoma, inflammatory polyps, and adenomas. Wait. It can not only achieve the same radical cure effect, but more importantly, the operation trauma is small, the recovery is quick, and there are no complications mentioned above, and the quality of life is not affected at all.