2020年10月19日星期一

what does a hemorrhoids look like,Questions and answers about common anorectal diseases

    Common anorectal diseases include hemorrhoids, anal cryptitis, anal fissures, perianal abscesses, anal fistulas, prolapsed anus, anorectal polyps, anorectal tumors, etc. They are collectively referred to as hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids in ancient literature.

    What symptoms should go to the anorectal department?

    Common symptoms of anorectal diseases include blood in the stool, swelling and pain, prolapse, pus, constipation, and secretions. Due to different causes, the symptoms and severity of manifestations are also inconsistent.

    (1) Hematochezia Hematochezia is the most common symptom of anorectal diseases, including internal hemorrhoids, anal fissures, rectal polyps, rectal cancer and other diseases. Blood does not mix with stool, it is attached to the surface of the stool, or drips during the stool, or the line is like an arrow, and there is no pain, mostly internal hemorrhoids; less blood in the stool and tear-like pain in the anus, mostly anal fissure; children Hematochezia, stool frequency and nature have no obvious changes, most of them are rectal polyps; blood mixed with mucus, its color is dull, and the anus feels heavy, should consider the possibility of rectal cancer.

    (2) Swelling and pain are common in paraanal abscesses, internal hemorrhoids prolapsed and unable to return, external hemorrhoids edema, thrombosis and external hemorrhoids. Sudden severe pain in the anus, a spherical mass can be touched by the hand, and the obvious tenderness is mostly thrombotic external hemorrhoids or external hemorrhoid edema. Sudden red swelling mass next to the anus, elevated skin temperature, obvious tenderness, persistent pain has nothing to do with defecation, or no obvious pain mass next to the anus, manifested as pain and discomfort in the anus, may be accompanied by chest tightness, abdominal distension, body fatigue Symptoms such as weight, loss of appetite, fever, chills, and dysuria are common in perianal abscesses.

    (3) Prolapse is a common symptom of hemorrhoids, rectal polyps, and rectal prolapse in stage II and III. Rectal prolapse is tubular and circular; internal hemorrhoids prolapse in granular shape, such as jujube-shaped; polyp hemorrhoids are round and have long pedicles.

    (4) Pus is common in perianal abscess or anal fistula. Perianal abscess ulceration or anal fistula's outer mouth sees yellow thick fishy pus overflowing, and sometimes pus can also flow out from the anus, and the pus overflows continuously or intermittently.

    (5) Constipation is a common symptom of many anorectal diseases such as hemorrhoids, anal fissure, and perianal abscess. Patients often control defecation artificially due to the fear of severe pain caused by internal hemorrhoid bleeding or anal fissure during defecation, resulting in habitual constipation. Dry stools can easily abrade the surface of the hemorrhoids and cause bleeding. During defecation, the anal sphincter is caused by excessive hard stool expansion. Stimulate the original wound, aggravate the pain of the anal canal, forming a vicious circle.

    (6) Secretions are common in internal hemorrhoids prolapse, rectal prolapse, anal fistula and so on. Internal hemorrhoids prolapse from the anus repeatedly, and secretions often overflow the anus, so the anus feels moist, and the secretions irritate the perianal skin for a long time, prone to eczema, itching and discomfort. Anal fistula has pus overflowing from the outer mouth, smelly, usually accompanied by pain and discomfort around the anus, and perianal itching.

    What should patients with anorectal disease pay attention to when seeking medical treatment?

    When anal pain or blood in the stool occurs, firstly do not panic. Secondly, do not avoid the doctor, do not go to the doctor and buy some drugs on your own terms; third, choose a professional anorectologist from a regular national hospital to confirm the diagnosis. If it is a follow-up visit, it is best Bring previous medical records or related medical information for the doctor's reference.

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