Constipation is a common and frequently-occurring disease in pregnant women. Because the secretion of progesterone increases during pregnancy, the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract relaxes, the peristalsis slows down, and food residues stay in the intestines for a long time, leading to constipation. In the late pregnancy, the growing fetus and uterus will compress the rectum and cause constipation. In the third trimester of pregnancy, constipation will become more and more serious, often without bowel movements for a few days, or even failing to defecate for 1-2 weeks, which leads to abdominal pain and bloating in pregnant women. Severe cases can lead to intestinal obstruction, complicated by premature delivery or dystocia, and endanger the safety of mother and child. When pregnancy is accompanied by constipation, care must be taken not to use laxatives indiscriminately, otherwise it will cause miscarriage and premature delivery.
After pregnancy, a large amount of progesterone is secreted in the body, causing weakened gastrointestinal muscle tone and slowing down bowel movements. The growing uterus compresses the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the third trimester of pregnancy, after the fetal head enters the pelvis, the gastrointestinal tract, especially the rectum, is increasingly subject to mechanical pressure, often accompanied by the formation of hemorrhoids. Many women suffer from constipation when they are not pregnant. After pregnancy, they are inconvenient to move, especially not accustomed to squatting toilets. Coupled with the pain of hemorrhoid attacks, pregnant women have a fear of defecation and consciously reduce defecation. Constipation is more serious.
After pregnancy, if pregnant women eat a lot of high-protein, high-fat foods and neglect the intake of vegetables, the fiber content in the gastrointestinal tract will be insufficient, which is not conducive to the decline of chyme and stool. Too little activity is also a reason. After many women are pregnant, they fear that their activities will hurt their fetal gas. Coupled with the special "care" of their family members, they often reduce their activities and sit or lie all day long. This reduces the ability of gastrointestinal motility to digest food and worsens. The occurrence of bloating and constipation.
After pregnancy, the late pregnancy is the most serious, mainly because a large amount of progesterone is secreted during pregnancy, which can relax the smooth muscle of the uterus and weaken the peristalsis of the large intestine. As the uterus continues to enlarge and increase in weight, it compresses the large intestine, causing poor blood circulation, which weakens the function of defecation. Food residues stay in the large intestine for a long time, and the water is absorbed by the intestinal wall too much, resulting in the final formation of dry stool , Hard; coupled with low abdominal muscle tension and insufficient contractility, pregnant women are prone to constipation, often two or three days, or even once a week. Constipation is often accompanied by abdominal pain and bloating. Frequent constipation will cause hard fecal masses to accumulate in the rectum, which will inevitably compress the veins of the intestinal wall and affect the return of blood, resulting in the formation of "hemorrhoids."
For pregnant women, how to treat constipation has become the most troublesome topic for pregnant women. When pregnant women have constipation, they must not use laxatives indiscriminately, especially pregnant women within 16 weeks of pregnancy, otherwise it will easily cause miscarriage and premature delivery. For some pregnant women with mild symptoms, food therapy can be used. So what should pregnant women eat for constipation?
1. Drink a cup of light salt water on an empty stomach after getting up every day, which can stimulate bowel movements.
2. Eat more melons and fruits rich in crude cellulose, green leafy root vegetables and cereals, such as kiwi, banana, pear, grape, spinach, kelp, cucumber, celery, carrot, horseshoe, cabbage, sweet potato, corn, etc. , Can promote intestinal muscle peristalsis, soften feces, thus play a role in smoothing the intestines and help pregnant women defecate.
Three, eat porridge to cure constipation.
In addition, pregnant women should also take appropriate physical exercises and take more walks. And pay attention to develop the habit of defecation on time, pay attention to the regular diet, if the symptoms of constipation are serious, consult an anorectal doctor in time, and do not take medicine privately.
Pregnant women with constipation eating porridge therapy
In order to prevent the occurrence of constipation, pregnant women should participate in moderate labor and pay attention to diet adjustment. As for how to solve the problem of what to eat for pregnant women with constipation, it is important to pay attention to sufficient water in the usual diet and eat more fresh vegetables and fruits that contain more fiber. After getting up in the morning, drink a glass of cold boiled water first, and develop good bowel habits. If constipation has occurred, do not use laxatives indiscriminately, otherwise it will cause miscarriage and premature delivery. Now introduce a few porridge treatment methods:
Walnut porridge: It is suitable for patients with constipation during pregnancy who are weak and dry in the intestines.
Sesame porridge: suitable for constipation patients who are weak, dizzy and tinnitus.
Crispy porridge: suitable for constipation patients such as yin deficiency strain.
Baiziren porridge: It is suitable for patients with constipation during pregnancy who suffer from heart palpitations and insomnia.
Fig porridge: add appropriate amount of honey and sugar when serving. Women with hemorrhoids and constipation can eat fig porridge.
Constipation recipes for pregnant women
1. Stir-fried shredded white radish
Ingredients: The main ingredient is 500 grams of white radish; the ingredients are 200 grams of honey and 100 grams of rock sugar.
Production method: Wash the radishes, cut them into thin slices along the length, and then cut them into shreds. Boil them in a pot of boiling water and remove them. Add meat oil to the pot. When the oil is hot, add green onion, ginger, and sea rice to fry, then add shredded radish, add appropriate amount of soy sauce, salt, stir fry, add a little water (about 50 g), stir fry evenly, Serve out of the pan and serve when the juice is full.
2. Fried celery
Ingredients: The main ingredient is 300 grams of celery; the ingredients are 150 grams of dried tofu; the ingredients are salt, soy sauce, green onions, ginger, fresh soup, appropriate amount of clear oil, and a little sesame oil.
Production method: Choose to remove the old leaves of celery, remove the roots and wash, and cut into 3.3 cm sections. Cut the dried tofu into thin slices and mince the green onion and ginger. Put the celery and dried tofu in a pot of boiling water and scald them thoroughly to remove the water. Put the pot on the fire, put in the clear oil, when the oil is hot, add the minced green onion and ginger to fry it out, add an appropriate amount of soy sauce, pour in dried tofu and celery, stir fry a few times, add an appropriate amount of fresh soup, simmer for a while, hook Pour the sesame oil into the water.
3.Honey sweet potato
Ingredients: The main ingredient is 250 grams of red heart sweet potatoes; the ingredients are shredded green onion, ginger rice, and small sea rice, and the ingredients are salt, soy sauce, and meat oil.
Production method: Wash and peel the sweet potato, cut off both ends, and then cut into strips about 1 cm thick. Add 200 grams of water to the pot, boil it with rock sugar, add sweet potatoes and honey, boil, discard the froth, and simmer over a low fire. When the soup is thick, put the sweet potato strips on the plate. Make it into a flower shape and pour the original juice to eat.
4. Celery salad
Ingredients: The main ingredient is 250 grams of celery; the ingredients are salt and sesame oil.
Production method: Remove the roots and leaves of the celery, wash, cut into 2 cm long sections, blanch them in a pot of boiling water and remove them thoroughly, control the water and place them in the basin, stir in the salt while hot, and pour in the sesame oil , Can be eaten after mixing well.
5, vinegared cabbage
Ingredients: The main ingredient is 250 grams of cabbage; the ingredients are 20 grams of vinegar, sugar, salt, soy sauce, ginger, and oil.
Production method: Wash the cabbage gang, first cut into 2 cm wide strips, and then cut into 3.3 cm long oblique slices; stir-fry with clear oil until it is eighty mature, then add soy sauce, sugar, vinegar, and gorgon powder, stir and mix After being evenly distributed, serve after serving.
In the second half of pregnancy, the growing fetus compresses the gastrointestinal tract, causing the intestinal peristalsis to slow down, plus rest in bed and lack of exercise, so constipation is more likely to occur. Constipation can be prevented by:
1. Develop the habit of going to the toilet at a fixed time every day.
2. Keep a happy mood.
3. Get enough water.
4. Adopt a high-fiber diet (referring to 13g of crude fiber per day). Foods rich in fiber include: unprocessed beans, such as soybeans, red beans, mung beans, celery, bamboo shoots, peaches, black dates and other fruits and vegetables; whole grains and their products, such as oats, corn, brown rice, and whole wheat bread.
During pregnancy, pregnant women are prone to constipation. In the first trimester, vomiting and loss of appetite can cause constipation due to insufficient water supplementation; in the third trimester, constipation can also be caused by the enlarged uterus compressing the intestine. If the diet is unreasonable, it can make constipation worse. When constipation, the strain of defecation will increase, which may lead to miscarriage, premature delivery and hemorrhoids. Laxatives are forbidden for pregnant women, so be aware of constipation as early as possible during pregnancy.
Pros and cons
1. In order to avoid constipation, you should eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as other foods high in fiber, and eat less spicy foods.
2. Do not take laxatives lightly, so as not to hurt fetal gas or even cause miscarriage.
3. Drink plenty of water. As soon as you have a bowel movement, you must go to bowel movements immediately.
4. If your constipation is severe, you should see a doctor. The doctor will give you medicine to soften your stool.
Pregnant women should keep their mood relaxed to prevent constipation
Medical scientists have done experiments. They used a proctoscope to observe the human sigmoid colon for a long time, and consciously caused the subjects to feel depression, disappointment or anger, anxiety, resistance and other emotions. At this time, they found that bowel movements were inhibited and the sigmoid colon spasm. (Shrinking) and stagnating stool, constipation occurs repeatedly in the stool
. Therefore, to prevent constipation, mothers-to-be must relax and not be too anxious.
1. Choose foods that contain more fiber. Such as various coarser-made grains,
Such as brown rice, wheat, corn; various vegetables, such as bean sprouts, leeks, rape, chrysanthemum, celery, shepherd's purse, mushrooms, etc.; various fruits, such as strawberries, plums, pears, figs, melons.
2. Choose foods that contain more fatty acids. Such as various nuts and plant seeds, such as almonds, walnuts, cashew nuts, various melon seeds, sesame seeds, etc.; fatty fish.
3. Choose foods that promote bowel movements. Such as banana, honey, jam, maltose, etc.
Fourth, choose foods containing organic acids. Such as milk, yogurt, lactic acid drinks, citrus, apples, etc.
5. Choose foods rich in vitamins. Such as animal liver, egg yolk, soybean, bean sprouts, celery, lettuce, seaweed, walnut, peanut, etc.
Sixth, choose foods that contain more water. Such as fresh milk, fresh juice made by yourself, etc.
Seven, three meals are normal. Especially breakfast must be eaten, avoid fasting, and eat more cellulose-rich foods, such as brown rice, malt, whole wheat bread, milk, fresh vegetables, fresh fruits, eat as little as possible spicy foods, and drink less carbonated drinks .
8. Add more water. Constipation will worsen if the body's water is insufficient, so drink at least 1000 ml of water every day. Because of insufficient water, stool cannot be formed, and too little stool can not stimulate rectal contraction, and there is no intention to produce stool. Therefore, supplementing water is an important way to relieve constipation.
Nine, never endure not having a bowel movement. That is to say, go to the toilet to have a bowel movement whenever you feel like it. Because feces accumulate in the body for a long time, it not only makes defecation difficult, but also affects appetite. It is recommended that pregnant women with constipation drink more cold water or milk every day to stimulate the peristalsis of the colon, or drink a glass of cold water or milk immediately after getting up in the morning. This is a good way to help defecation.
10. Develop the habit of defecation regularly every day. It is best to defecate after breakfast. Do not read books and newspapers during defecation. You should develop a good habit of "concentrating" on defecation.
11. Sufficient sleep and moderate activity. More activity can enhance gastrointestinal motility. In addition, adequate sleep, a good mood, and relief of mental stress are all good ways to relieve constipation.
12. Keep your body and mind happy. Arrange work and life reasonably, ensure adequate rest and sleep, maintain a good mental state and an optimistic attitude towards life. Pregnant women should not be upset due to vomiting and discomfort. An irritable state of mind can also cause constipation. You may wish to do more interesting things, such as listening to music, viewing flowers, reading, etc., and try to avoid bad mental stimulation.
In case the constipation of pregnant women cannot be relieved, they must seek medical treatment immediately and take laxative drugs as prescribed by the doctor. However, the key to solving the problem lies in the establishment of the above-mentioned good living habits.
Too much calcium in pregnant women can easily lead to constipation
Too much calcium in pregnant women leads to constipation. Many pregnant women now pay more attention to calcium supplementation. How much is reasonable? The nutrient reference intake recommended by the Chinese Nutrition Society is 1000 mg per day in the second trimester, 1200 mg per day in the third trimester, and the upper limit of calcium is 2000 mg.
Drinking two cups of milk powder for pregnant and lying-in women has a calcium content of about 1000mg. With 250g of tofu, the calcium intake from food can reach nearly 1300mg. If pregnant women still have leg cramps, can you consider enough vitamin D? Is there enough sunshine time in winter? Don't just add calcium blindly.
However, many pregnant women also choose calcium tablets as supplements. Calcium tablets are taken orally into the gastrointestinal tract, and the absorption rate is usually very low. Most of them are around 30-40%, and the highest will not exceed 60%. Most of the calcium is excreted through feces. in vitro. Calcium is easily combined with food residues in the intestines such as oxalic acid, phytic acid, phosphoric acid, and fat to form an insoluble, harder substance, so the stool becomes dry. The more calcium you eat at a time, the lower the absorption rate, the more calcium is excreted through feces, and the drier the stool becomes. Therefore, calcium supplementation usually causes different degrees of constipation.
The dangers of constipation during pregnancy
Constipation will increase toxins in the mother-to-be, leading to metabolic disorders, endocrine disorders and trace element imbalance, resulting in skin pigmentation, itching, pale complexion, dry hair, and spots. It can also cause mild symptoms of toxemia, such as loss of appetite, listlessness, dizziness, and fatigue, which can lead to anemia and malnutrition over time. Very bad for the baby's development. Frequent bowel movements can also promote the formation of hemorrhoids. And make breast tissue cells develop abnormally.
Constipation is one of the most common troubles during pregnancy, and it is also a frequent negligence during pregnancy. However, don't underestimate these small ailments that you take for granted. If you don't pay attention, they will make you regret for life. In the third trimester of pregnancy, constipation will become more and more serious. Often, there is no bowel movement for a few days, or even failing to defecate for 1 to 2 weeks, which leads to abdominal pain and bloating. Severe cases can lead to intestinal obstruction, complicated by premature delivery, and endanger the safety of mothers and babies. There has been a patient who removed most of the small intestine due to constipation and intestinal obstruction at 38 weeks of pregnancy. When some expectant mothers with constipation give birth, the stool accumulated in the intestine prevents the baby from descending, causing prolonged labor and even dystocia.
Be careful when treating constipation during pregnancy. Improper treatment can also cause harm to your baby. Mothers-to-be belong to a special group. When treating constipation, do not take orally lubricating laxatives, such as castor oil, liquid paraffin, etc. This affects the absorption of nutrients in the intestines, and the baby's nutrition cannot be well protected. Taking cathartic agents or strong stimulating intestinal moisturizers can increase gastrointestinal motility and cause uterine contractions, leading to miscarriage or premature delivery. Lubricating laxatives (liquid paraffin) reduce the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) by mothers-to-be, and make newborn babies prone to bleeding due to hypothrombin anaemia (due to lack of vitamin K).
Principles to relieve constipation during pregnancy
First, eat more fruits and vegetables
Pregnant women often have trouble defecation due to eating too finely, so they should eat more vegetables, fruits and coarse grains that contain more fiber, such as celery, leafy vegetables, radishes, melons, apples, bananas, pears, oats, beans, brown rice, etc. .
Second, defecate regularly in the morning
It is most likely to have a bowel movement every morning and after each meal, and it is best to wake up in the morning to defecate. Therefore, after getting up, drink a glass of warm water or honey water on an empty stomach, and then eat breakfast to promote the upright reflex and gastro-colon reflex after getting up. In this way, you will soon have a bowel movement, and long-term persistence will form a good habit of defecation in the morning.
Third, pay attention to drinking skills
Pay attention to drinking more water every day, but master the skills of drinking water, otherwise even drinking water may not have any effect. For example, drink water at a fixed time every day, and drink big mouthfuls, but not binge drinking, so that the water reaches the colon as soon as possible, rather than being absorbed into the blood by the intestine. In this way, the stool can become soft and easy to pass out of the body.
Fourth, keep moving your body every day
During the third trimester, many pregnant women often become too heavy and lazy to move around, so the secretion phenomenon is more obvious in the third trimester. The appropriate amount of exercise can enhance the contractility of pregnant women's abdominal muscles, promote intestinal peristalsis, and prevent or reduce constipation. Therefore, even when the body is getting heavier, pregnant women should do some physical exercises, such as walking, appropriate light housework, etc., to increase the motivation of bowel movements.
Fifth, keep your body and mind happy
Arrange work and life reasonably, ensure adequate rest and sleep, maintain a good mental state and an optimistic attitude towards life. Pregnant women should not be upset due to vomiting and discomfort. An irritable state of mind can also cause constipation. You may wish to do more interesting things, such as listening to music, viewing flowers, reading, etc., and try to avoid bad mental stimulation.
Traditional Chinese Medicine Prevention
(1) Bananas 1-2 bananas, eat on an empty stomach.
(2) 60 grams of honey, water and honey, take it with warm water on an empty stomach in the morning.
(3) Cassia tea, 3-6 grams of Cassia, soak in water instead of tea.
(4) Walnut porridge with 4 kernels and 100 grams of japonica rice. Smash the walnut kernels and fry the japonica rice into porridge. It is suitable for pregnant women with constipation and dry intestines.
(5) 30 grams of ghee, 50 grams of honey and 100 grams of japonica rice. Boil the japonica rice with water and add ghee and honey to make a thick porridge. It is suitable for pregnant women with yin deficiency, strain and constipation.
(6) Baiziren porridge Wash 15 grams of Baiziren to remove impurities, pound it, add 100 grams of japonica rice to cook the porridge, add honey when serving. It is suitable for pregnant women with constipation who suffer from heart palpitations and insomnia.
Chinese medicine prescription
[Differentiation] Excessive heat in the large intestine.
[Therapeutic Law] Leading stagnation to pass quiet, clearing heat and promoting qi.
[Party Name] Open and close the party.
[Composition] 90 grams of rhubarb, 45 grams of betel nut, 60 grams of red ling, 45 grams of fried citrus aurantium, 90 grams of fried myrobalan, 45 grams of pot belly cashmere.
[Usage] The above is loose, 6-9 grams per serving, decoction with green onion and white soup, de-warm serving.
[Source] Volume 28 of "Six Medical Strategies".