2020年10月27日星期二

what does a hemorrhoids look like,What to do before anorectal surgery

    1. It is best to take a week off to work after the operation, so arrange your work so that you have a relaxed and comfortable time after the operation.

    2. Remember to bring four things on the day of the operation, that is, "reach out for money." It is an ID card and a mobile phone in your hand. If you are the house key, the money is a bank card, you can pay a hospitalization deposit, and remember to bring your previous medical card. Medical records etc.

    3. Wear loose clothes on the day of the operation, need to be accompanied by family members, cannot drive a vehicle, and cannot wear gold and silver jewelry such as earrings, earrings, bracelets, necklaces, rings, watches, etc.

    4. Thought preparation. Adjust your mental state, relieve all worries, eliminate tension, and establish your belief in overcoming illness.

    5. Preparation for diet and daily life. Generally, fasting is not required. You can maintain a normal life and diet for 3 days before the operation. Try not to smoke or drink, avoid spicy food, and pay attention to proper rest and maintain adequate sleep.

    6. Physical preparation. Do preoperative inspections and other related inspections to exclude surgical contraindications. Active treatment of primary diseases that may affect the normal operation and postoperative recovery, such as severe anemia, thrombocytopenia, hypertension, and diarrhea. Prevent colds and maintain good physical condition. Adult women must wait until their menstruation is clean before surgery. People with habitual constipation should adjust their bowel movements before surgery to avoid increased pain due to difficulty in defecation after surgery.

    7. Intestinal and skin preparation. Before the operation, use a clean enema or self-defecation method to empty the stool in the intestines. The doctor or nurse will help to shave the body hair around the anus, and wash the anal area with soapy water.

    8. Preparation of medication. Anorectal diseases generally do not need to use antibiotics and other drugs before surgery, but some operations require appropriate antibiotics from 3 days before surgery. Patients with hypertension and other diseases need to take antihypertensive drugs to continue treatment, and those with diabetes should take the usual medication the day before they come to hospital. You need to continue to use necessary antibiotics when you have infectious diseases. Skin tests such as procaine and penicillin should be done before surgery, and preoperative needles such as phenobarbital should be injected by nurses half an hour before surgery.

    9. Other preparations. Prepare a few loose underwear and a larger bidet that can be used to wash the anus in a sitz bath, and a soft towel or gauze for cleaning the anus (use old towels or disassembled disinfection masks), soft toilet paper, etc. Use after surgery.

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