Winter is the season of high incidence of anorectal diseases. There are two main reasons:
First, the weather in winter is relatively dry;
Second, people like tonic in the winter season. They eat some fat, sweet, greasy, spicy and other foods that have been heated up and their activities are reduced.
These are important factors that induce or aggravate hemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal abscesses, anal fistulas and other anorectal diseases. Therefore, every year after the winter is the time when anorectal patients are the most. So, how to prevent the occurrence of anorectal diseases in winter?
First, grab the two main signals:
Blood in stool
Among the main symptoms of anorectal diseases, bleeding during stool is the most common, bright red blood is common, and the amount of bleeding can be more or less. Common pathological changes that cause blood in the stool include hemorrhoids, anal fissures, polyps, colorectitis, and even colorectal cancer. Therefore, it must be identified.
Pain is also the main reason for patients with anorectal diseases to see a doctor. There are many causes of pain, such as: inflammatory external hemorrhoids, thrombotic external hemorrhoids, anal fissure, internal hemorrhoids incarcerated, infectious diseases, perianal abscess, anal fistula, etc.
In general, when the above two situations occur, it is necessary to go to the anorectal specialist in time to find the cause and treat the symptoms. If the disease is allowed to progress, the result will be a minor disease that will become a serious disease, and the delay that does not require surgery will become a necessary operation, which not only increases the difficulty of treatment, but also Increased treatment costs and pain.
Second, take precautions from the following aspects:
1. A reasonable diet
Choose light-tasting foods, eat more vegetables and fruits, increase bowel motility, eliminate harmful substances and carcinogens in the intestines, and maintain smooth stools. People with habitual constipation must especially abide by these principles. It is best to develop the habit of defecation regularly every morning, get up early and drink a glass of cold water to stimulate gastrointestinal peristalsis. Eat less spicy food.
2. Reduce entertainment
Try to drink less, especially white wine. Stay up late. Staying up late can easily cause circadian clock disorders and increase physiological stress.
3. Exercise more
Walking or running every day is a good way to prevent anorectal diseases. Avoid sitting for a long time, sitting for a long time will cause the blood circulation to slow down, and it is easy to cause spinal injuries.
4. Keep a good mood
Emotional changes are closely related to anorectal diseases. Traditional medicine believes that excessive worry can damage the spleen and stomach, irritability and anger can lead to stagnation of liver qi, and blockage of meridians and collaterals can cause hemorrhoids.
5. Keep the anus clean
In winter, the weather is cold and dry, so you should develop the habit of cleaning the anus and keep the area clean and dry. Clean the anus with warm water after defecation and before going to bed, and change underwear frequently.
6. Pay attention to the treatment of primary disease
If people have constipation, high blood pressure, liver cirrhosis, heart disease, diabetes, chronic enteritis and other people who are prone to cause local anal diseases, effective measures should be taken to treat them in time to avoid adding to the disease.