2020年10月28日星期三

what does a hemorrhoids look like,Pay attention to preventing anorectal diseases in summer

    After the beginning of summer, with the rise in temperature, the incidence of some damp-heat-related diseases is also increasing. Anorectal diseases bear the brunt: blood in the stool, anal pain, prolapse of objects in the anus after the stool, anal itching, anal dampness, diarrhea, abdominal distension, A series of symptoms such as abdominal pain and constipation make people unable to sit and sleep peacefully...

    All these are symptoms of anorectal disease. Anorectal diseases occur in special parts and cannot be ignored as well, otherwise the consequences are endless.

    These symptoms help you self-diagnose

    If you see bleeding, dripping, or blood or pus in the stool, it is mostly caused by anorectal disease. However, different anorectal diseases have different symptoms. The following will teach you a brief judgment:

    Hemorrhoids with blood in the stool are often painless and the blood is bright red;

    Anal fissure bleeding is bright red, often accompanied by anal tear-like pain;

    Stool with blood, bright red or dark red, accompanied by changes in bowel regularity, which may be caused by ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, intestinal polyps or colorectal cancer;

    A mass that protrudes out of the anus during defecation, accompanied by moist or mucus in the anus, most of which are prolapsed internal hemorrhoids or rectal mucosa;

    If the swelling next to the anus is protruding, the pain is obvious, and the boundary with the surrounding tissues is clear, it may be suffering from thrombotic external hemorrhoids or inflammatory external hemorrhoids;

    The lumps around the anus are diffuse with local fever and pain or even increased body temperature, which is a symptom of perianal abscess;

    An ulcer around the anus, repeated discharge of pus, and induration or cords on the touch are the manifestations of anal fistula;

    Increased frequency of bowel movements, or loose stools that cannot be formed, or diarrhea after eating cold food in hot weather, or diarrhea after drinking beer, which may be irritable bowel syndrome or chronic inflammation of the colon;

    The decrease in the frequency of bowel movements, or prolonged defecation time, or consciously intentional defecation but unable to discharge on its own, relying on drugs or hands to help defecation, may be constipation caused by various reasons.

    Anorectal diseases should be diagnosed and treated early

    There are more than 100 kinds of anorectal diseases. The clinical manifestations of some diseases may be similar to the symptoms of hemorrhoids, but their diagnosis and treatment may be completely different. Especially if rectal cancer, venereal diseases, etc. are mistaken for hemorrhoids, the consequences will be disastrous. Therefore, early, timely, and thorough treatment of anorectal diseases should not be delayed; a large hospital, preferably a specialized hospital, should be selected for timely inspection or guidance.

    Some patients are conservative in thinking and feel that anorectal disease is unspeakable, and the affected area is more secretive, and they are not as embarrassed to see a doctor. Especially women, they often buy medicine in pharmacies privately or listen to the so-called folk prescriptions, resulting in prolonged or even worsened conditions, such as anal fistula failure. Transformed into complex, internal hemorrhoids or rectal mucosa repeatedly prolapse, causing itchy skin and anal eczema, blood in the stool for a long time, resulting in anemia, and rectal cancer blood in the stool is mistaken for hemorrhoids. Standard treatment varies from person to person

    Regarding the treatment of anorectal diseases, regular treatment should be adopted according to the condition. For example, there are various hemorrhoids treatment procedures. The characteristic therapies include internal hemorrhoids and Xiaozhiling injection, mixed hemorrhoids external peeling and internal ligation, severe circular mixed hemorrhoids segmented ligation and radical resection, hemorrhoids circular mucosal resection and hemorrhoid suspension (PPH), etc. The individualized surgical plan is designed for the condition of the disease, and the effect is good.

    For the treatment of perianal abscess, we can use traditional Chinese medicine thread-drawing therapy, one-time radical treatment, to avoid the disadvantages of secondary surgery for postoperative anal fistula. The thread-hanging therapy takes advantage of the chronic cutting of the rubber band and repairs while cutting. It is of great significance to reduce tissue damage and protect anal function. It can also treat high anal fistulas.

    For intestinal diseases, in addition to oral Chinese medicine for syndrome differentiation and treatment, it is often effective with enema. In addition, physical therapy, acupuncture, cupping, umbilical application, foot bath, acupoint embedding, ointment therapy and other therapies with characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine are very good auxiliary treatments The role of.

    Prevent anorectal diseases in summer

    Summer is the season of high incidence of anorectal diseases, and the condition will continue to aggravate as the temperature and humidity increase. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the following points in life:

    ★Develop good living habits.

    (1) Maintain optimism. Chinese medicine believes that changes in emotions are closely related to anorectal diseases. Excessive anxiety will damage the spleen and stomach, or be irritable and anger will lead to stagnation of liver qi, leading to stagnation of qi and blood, blockage of meridians, and interlacing of collaterals and hemorrhoids.

    (2) In terms of diet, do not be greedy for cold drinks due to the hot weather, do not eat food in the refrigerator directly, do not drink a lot of alcohol, eat hot peppers and mustard and other irritating foods, eat less salted, smoked roast, high-fat, high-sugar foods . Eat more whole grains, beans, vegetables, watermelon and other fresh vegetables and fruits that contain more cellulose to increase bowel movements, eliminate harmful substances and carcinogens in the intestines, and maintain smooth stools. Those with habitual constipation should especially follow these in principle.

    (3) Develop the habit of defecation regularly every morning, drink a glass of cold water after getting up early to stimulate gastrointestinal peristalsis. Especially when you want to defecate, you can't force it. Don't read books or newspapers, squat for a long time, or use excessive force during defecation. Usually, take part in sports activities. For example, gymnastics, running, Tai Chi, Qigong, deep breathing activities and sit-ups are good for preventing constipation.

    (4) It is easy to sweat in the hot summer, and you should develop a habit of loving cleanliness and keep the local area clean and dry. Clean the perineum and anus with warm water after defecation and before going to bed, change underwear frequently, and use thin and soft cotton cloth for underwear.

    ★ Actively treat chronic diseases, such as chronic diarrhea, constipation and other chronic diseases closely related to the anorectum.

    ★Due to work, you need to stand for a long time, squat for a long time, sit for a long time and other tasks that affect the local blood circulation. You should try to do a certain amount of time according to the situation. development of.

    ★ Women perform appropriate exercises after delivery, such as massage, levator anus, improve local blood circulation, and enhance the function of anal sphincter.

    ★ Do levator anus exercises every morning and evening for 30 minutes each time to increase muscle tension and reduce the occurrence of anorectal diseases such as hemorrhoids or prolapse.

    There are many ways to prevent anorectal disease. As long as you pay attention to doing it in your daily life, you can not only prevent and reduce the occurrence of anorectal disease, but also reduce symptoms and reduce the number of attacks for people who already have anorectal disease.

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