This bad news made Lao Zhang like five thunderstorms. Before he could react, Director Ding Jianhua told Lao Zhang that in order to avoid further deterioration of the tumor, he needs to go through the hospitalization procedures immediately and prepare for surgery at any time!
That night, Lao Zhang was lying in the cold hospital, looking at the ceiling, unable to sleep all night. He pondered over and over again, how could he, who feels healthy everyday, suffer from rectal cancer unknowingly?
In fact, half a year ago, Lao Zhang had symptoms of blood in the stool. At the beginning, like many elderly people, he linked this symptom with a common disease-hemorrhoids, and didn't care too much.
For half a year, Lao Zhang's blood in the stool became more and more serious. Until he came to the hospital for an examination, he still felt that it was nothing more than hemorrhoids.
Blood in the stool is a common symptom in the elderly, but it is extremely dangerous. When the amount of bleeding is large, ischemic shock will occur, which is life-threatening. Therefore, if the elderly have a large amount of blood in the stool, they should go to the hospital immediately and take measures to stop the bleeding. In severe cases, emergency blood transfusion is needed.
There are many reasons for blood in the stool, diseases in the colon, hemorrhoids, etc., and the most common is hemorrhoids. Therefore, when blood occurs, it is often ignored by the elderly and mistaken for hemorrhoids. And once it is serious, go to the hospital for examination, the condition will be difficult to control.
But at that time, there was another reason why Lao Zhang did not go for the inspection. That is, I was worried that the bleeding would be aggravated by the inspection, so I wanted to wait for the bleeding to stop before the inspection. I didn't expect that the delay would be half a year.
Director Ding told Lao Zhang that there was a big misunderstanding in this idea.
We know that a colonoscopy is needed to check the intestines. The doctor will insert a very thin tube from the anus so that it can check the rectum, sigmoid colon, etc. for intestinal lesions, and can clearly see the nature of the lesions and Taking a biopsy can also treat some intestinal lesions.
The doctor suggested that the colonoscopy in the case of blood in the stool can accurately find the location of the bleeding, so as to make a more accurate judgment of the condition.
Therefore, when the elderly have blood in the stool, no matter how much the bleeding is, they should go to the anorectal department of the hospital immediately.
Frozen three feet is not a day's cold, and cancer will not grow overnight. According to Director Ding Jianhua’s judgment, Lao Zhang’s rectal cancer may have been a benign polyp at the beginning. This inference reminded Lao Zhang of an incident five years ago.
Five years ago, Lao Zhang had just retired. During a physical examination, the doctor opened a special examination appointment form for him-colonoscopy. He had never done this check before.
When he walked to the door of the examination room, the scene inside made him daunting.
Because he heard that colonoscopy was very painful, Lao Zhang hesitated. After wandering for a long time, Lao Zhang really couldn't muster the courage to walk into the examination room. Lao Zhang thought at the time, his stomach has always been healthy, and there is no discomfort on weekdays. Is such a painful examination necessary? He returned to the consulting room again and asked the doctor.
The doctor reminded that the colonoscopy examination is the same as other physical examination items, mainly to eliminate some hidden diseases, and to find problems early through the physical examination to facilitate early prevention and treatment.
But when Lao Zhang returned to the entrance of the examination room, fear once again prevailed. With a hint of luck, Lao Zhang left the hospital. Unexpectedly, it may be that he was not checked in time this time, which made him develop to the current advanced stage of rectal cancer!
At present, the incidence of colon cancer has ranked third among all tumors, and it is still showing a rising trend. The only way for the elderly to detect this hidden danger at an early stage is to have a colonoscopy. But like Lao Zhang, there are many elderly people who are afraid of colonoscopy and think the process is painful. Is this really the case?
In fact, with the advancement of operating technology and the gradual improvement of equipment in the past two years, the pain of this inspection has become less and less. Under normal circumstances, the colonoscopy examination only takes more than ten minutes, during which the patient does not feel pain, but only feels a little swelling in the stomach.
Of course, some elderly people with high blood pressure and heart disease are worried that they will be dangerous due to irritation during colonoscopy. Such elderly people can also make another choice after the doctor’s evaluation-a sensory endoscope an examination. However, this examination requires general anesthesia, so it is much more complicated than ordinary colonoscopy, and often requires an appointment 2-3 months in advance.
Regardless of the method of examination, after the age of fifty, a colonoscopy must be performed. If there is no problem and there are no other discomforts during the period, then it can be done for five years. If a polyp is found, after treatment and resection, another follow-up visit is required in the second year. If there is no problem with the follow-up visit, then colonoscopy can no longer be performed within three years.
With age, the body's immunity will gradually decline, and the chance of colon polyps in the elderly is very high. Colon polyps are a silent disease. Many elderly people do not feel any pain even if they have polyps. There is no pain and no symptoms. According to statistics, about 80% of patients suffering from bowel cancer gradually evolved from polyps to cancer. So, don't ignore it, don't let small problems become big troubles.
In the end, what kind of surgical plan did Director Ding Jianhua formulate for Lao Zhang, and what was the effect of the operation?
In the disease of bowel cancer, what other medical and health knowledge should the elderly understand and pay attention to? The program will explain to you one by one.
Society and Law Channel (CCTV-12)
"Red Sunset" column
Premiere on April 1st at 15:48
"Small Hidden Danger, Big Trouble"
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