2020年10月21日星期三

what does a hemorrhoids look like,How to maintain anorectal diseases after surgery?

    The anus and its surroundings are located in the "dark" corners of the human body. There is no sunlight all year round, and the body wastes are constantly excreted. If you do not pay attention to hygiene, it is easy to cause bacteria to multiply. In addition, when walking, running and jumping, the local repeated friction, so it is very easy to cause hemorrhoids (as the saying goes: "ten people nine hemorrhoids", it can be seen that the incidence of hemorrhoids is high.), anal fissures Perianal diseases such as anal fistulas, perianal abscesses, prolapsed anus, rectal polyps, rectal cancer, etc. bring a lot of pain and trouble to our lives. So how to prevent and reduce the occurrence and development of perianal diseases? Dr. Liu believes that the following measures should be taken seriously.

    Pay attention to the adjustment of diet. Food should be varied and varied, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits (adults should reach 750 grams per day), and eat corn, buckwheat and potatoes and other grains regularly to ensure the intake of vitamins and dietary fiber , Prevent and reduce the occurrence of constipation. Timely replenishment of water should pay attention to timely replenishment of water throughout the year, not less than 1 500-2000 ml per day. It is best to drink a small amount of water several times. Beer and sweetened beverages should not be used as a substitute for water. Do not drink strong tea. Do not wait until you are thirsty.

    To quit bad habits, you should quit smoking, drink less alcohol (especially strong white wine), eat less spicy and irritating food, eat less high-fat, fried, smoked, sour, hard and other indigestible foods. Food should not be too salty to prevent And reduce the occurrence of rectal cancer, hematochezia and rectal cancer.

    Pay attention to perianal hygiene. After each stool, it is advisable to wash the anus with warm water. Before going to bed every night, it is best to take a bath with warm water for 3-5 minutes, and at the same time wash and massage around the anus to maintain perianal hygiene, promote perianal blood circulation, and prevent and reduce perianal inflammation and erosion.

    Often do levator ani exercises, do 1-2 levator ani exercises a day when nothing is wrong (that is, anal muscle contraction and contraction activities, 40-60 times each time. Sitting, standing, supine, or chest and knees The posture of sticking to the bed and raising the buttocks) has a good effect on promoting the perianal blood circulation, preventing hemorrhoids and prolapse.

    Attention should be paid to sports exercises, such as Tai Chi, aerobics, walking, jogging or swimming, etc., and adhere to the principles of gradual progress, perseverance, and ability to improve physical fitness. But be careful, if you find discomfort around the anus, or feel pain, itching, etc., you should stop strenuous exercise to avoid aggravating the condition due to intense friction and prevent the crack from expanding.

    Pay attention to defecation hygiene and develop the habit of 1-2 times a day for regular defecation (it is best to get up once every morning). When defecation occurs, you should defecate in time and do not hold back the stool. This will help keep the stool smooth and promote perianal venous return. Reduce and prevent the occurrence of hemorrhoids and other diseases.

    It is not advisable to use waste newspapers, soil blocks, straw, wood chips, etc. to wipe the stool after preventing perianal injury. To prevent damage to the perianal skin and infection of bacteria, special toilet paper should be used.

    Avoid sitting on the ground to prevent cold and damp invasion, soil pollution and insect bites, prevent boils, hemorrhoids, infections, ulcers, etc.

    Shenzhen Fourth People's Hospital Anorectal Specialist Liu Xiaobin

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