With the acceleration of the pace of life, people are becoming more and more stressed in life and work. Coupled with the lack of attention to diet, more and more people are suffering from anorectal diseases. When the disease reaches a certain level, it can only be cured by surgery. And many patients with anorectal disease, due to the careless diet after the operation, cause the anorectal disease to recur repeatedly, which brings unnecessary trouble to the patients. Therefore, in addition to daily health care, patients with anorectal diseases should also pay attention to postoperative diet.
Principles of postoperative diet
·Prevention and treatment of constipation and diarrhea During early postoperative constipation, the dried stool stimulates the wound, which not only aggravates the pain, but may also cause serious complications—hemorrhage. This is due to the fragile tissues after the operation, easy to tear, and the ligation thread acts on the external force. Easy to slip off. Therefore, prevention and treatment of constipation is very important for patients after anorectal surgery. However, it is also important to avoid diarrhea. Excessive stool frequency can also cause wound infection, edema, bleeding and other complications. It is ideal to adjust the diet to keep the stool soft and shape once a day. Postoperative patients should eat more vegetables and fruits that are rich in fiber, eat more foods that produce gas, eat more foods rich in vitamin B, and eat dry fruit foods that contain more oil appropriately. Drink plenty of water and eat more foods with high water content such as soups and porridges.
·After hemostatic hemorrhoids, the wounds are often partially open without sutures. A small amount of bleeding is normal. Appropriate eating foods with hemostatic effects can reduce symptoms. Such as shepherd's purse, eggplant, lotus root, pig intestine, and vitamin C-rich vegetables and fruits.
·Anti-inflammatory hemorrhoids, anal fissures and anal fistulas have feces passing through the wound every day, which is an infected wound. If inflammation is not controlled, it will affect the healing of the wound. Therefore, it is appropriate to eat some foods that have clearing heat and cooling blood, and anti-inflammatory effects, such as onions, Shepherd's purse, purslane, mung bean, watermelon, banana, bitter gourd, leeks, lettuce, celery, eggplant and other foods.
·Blood-enriching The wounds after hemorrhoids are often open, the healing time is longer, and the bleeding time is also longer, usually about a month or even longer. Therefore, supplementing some iron-rich foods can prevent and treat iron-deficiency anemia, and can also avoid gastrointestinal side effects caused by supplementary iron drugs and increase the absorption rate of the intestines. Such as amaranth, spinach, black rice, pork liver, carrots, crucian carp, etc.
·Enhancing nutrition and paying attention to qi supplementation. Patients after anorectal surgery should pay attention to nutrition when eating. Because after undergoing surgical trauma, repairing the wound requires protein, calories, vitamins, and various trace elements. From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, patients have different degrees of qi deficiency after surgery, so they should eat more nutritious foods such as meat, eggs, poultry, aquatic products, yam, japonica rice, black fungus, red dates, broad beans, peaches, and pumpkins. Waiting for food.
·When to eat soft-shelled turtles and pigeons after hemorrhoids, the first week after hemorrhoids is the period of inflammatory tissue fluid exudation. There are more secretions and tissue edema. At this time, if you eat soft-shelled turtles, pigeons, fish and shrimps and other high-protein foods, Inflammation can be intensified, exudates increase, edema is difficult to eliminate, and granulation proliferation is too fast, so it is not suitable for eating. After one week to ten days, the wound tissue is in the stage of absorption, proliferation and repair. At this time, eating soft-shelled turtles, pigeons and other foods can promote the growth of epithelial cells and accelerate wound healing. But also pay attention not to eat too much, lest the granulation tissue grows higher than the skin surface, which will affect wound healing.
Food that cannot be eaten after surgery
·Pepper and other irritating foods should not be eaten after anorectal surgery, such as chilli, strong tea, garlic, ginger, star anise, fennel, pepper, wine, etc. These foods can easily stimulate the intestinal tract and cause intestinal congestion and edema. In addition, foods that taste very sour should not be eaten, so as not to cause slow wound healing.
·Greasy foods should be light for recovery after anorectal surgery, and greasy and heavy foods should not be eaten, so as not to increase gastrointestinal burden, affect intestinal absorption and cause diarrhea or constipation. In addition, raw and cold foods should also be avoided.
·Digestible foods after anorectal disease, especially during the recovery period, try to avoid eating indigestible foods, such as chocolate, soy products, whole grains, etc.
·Damp-heat foods Chinese medicine believes that many anorectal diseases, such as perianal abscesses, hemorrhoids, perianal inflammations, polyps, etc., are related to intestinal damp and heat. Therefore, foods that are prone to damp and heat should be eaten less, such as lamb, dog meat, donkey meat, etc. Chili, longan, durian, lychee, mango, etc.
In general, whether it is during the recovery period of the operation or the maintenance and prevention of recurrence after the operation, it is necessary to pay attention to a light diet under the premise of ensuring nutrition, especially to avoid the intake of spicy food. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen exercise, pay attention to local hygiene, avoid sitting for a long time, and keep the mood relaxed.
Forming good habits is the key to staying away from anorectal diseases. You should always pay attention to diet, eat less spicy food as much as possible, quit smoking, don’t drink too much, don’t overeating, eat a light diet, try to eat more fruits and vegetables with high fiber content; pay attention to rest , Try not to stay up late; drink plenty of water to develop good bowel habits; proper outdoor exercise, avoid sitting for long periods of time, it is best to sit for 45 minutes and get up for 5 minutes, combining activity and rest, combining work and rest. If symptoms such as constipation, blood in the stool, or anal pain occur, go to a professional anorectal hospital for examination, diagnosis and treatment.