Constipation (constipation) refers to the decrease in the frequency of bowel movements, the number of bowel movements is less than 2 to 3 times in a week, or the bowel movement is only 1 time in 2 to 3 days, and the amount of stool is small and dry or not dry, but it is called constipation. The common symptoms are a significant decrease in the frequency of bowel movements, once every 2 to 3 days or longer, irregular, dry and hard stools, often accompanied by pathological phenomena of difficulty in defecation. Long-term constipation can cause great distress to the patient's mind and life, and it can also induce many diseases.
Many hemorrhoids are caused by long-term constipation. Prolonged defecation, or squatting for too long, can increase the pressure of the perianal venous plexus of the rectum and gradually cause varicose veins to form hemorrhoids.
Inducing anal fissure
When constipation, the stool is dry and hard, and it needs to be forced to defecate. The dry and hard stool can cause the skin of the anal canal to split, and then a secondary bacterial infection will form an anal fissure.
Induced cerebral hemorrhage
Due to forced defecation, abdominal pressure will increase, venous blood return will increase, heart burden will increase, blood pressure will increase, and cerebral hemorrhage will result. This is the reason that a considerable number of cases of cerebral hemorrhage occur in the bathroom.
Induced heart disease
The reason is the same as that of causing cerebral hemorrhage, which can lead to angina pectoris and even myocardial infarction. According to statistics, about a quarter of cases of cerebral hemorrhage and myocardial infarction are caused by constipation.
Inducing gastrointestinal dysfunction
Fecal retention and absorption of harmful substances can cause loss of appetite, abdominal distension or pain, hiccups, belching, etc., leading to gastrointestinal dysfunction. In severe cases, it affects the function of the entire digestive system.
Malignant tumors of the digestive tract
Some scholars believe that long-term chronic constipation is closely related to the onset of gastrointestinal malignancies (such as colorectal cancer). Long-term constipation can accumulate a large amount of toxins and induce colorectal cancer.
Read and think
Therefore, patients with long-term chronic constipation should pay attention to them and go to the anorectal specialist in time to find the cause of constipation, treat the cause, and do not abuse laxatives, and prevent other diseases caused by constipation. Especially in winter, it is a period of high incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in the elderly.