After eating, playing well, and taking a good rest in the New Year, we are about to usher in the spring of the emergence of everything. Driven by the three major factors of the comprehensive second-child policy, time point, and self-demand, the majority of mothers have a "second child pregnancy." wind". With the liberalization of the second-child policy, a large number of elderly pregnant women came into being, and the troubles during pregnancy caused by this also followed. According to statistics, the incidence of hemorrhoids in elderly pregnant women is as high as 80%. As pregnant women suffer from hemorrhoids, surgical treatment is not suitable, so it is best to take preventive health care before pregnancy, so as not to affect the health of the mother and fetus. However, asking for another baby is not that simple. Before having a second child, there are still many preparations for couples to do. Among them, prevention and treatment of hemorrhoids is a work that cannot be ignored.
Why are pregnant women easy to get hemorrhoids?
Why are pregnant women susceptible to hemorrhoids? It turns out that during pregnancy, the enlarged uterus presses the rectum for a long time, resulting in poor local venous return and stagnation in the anorectum, causing hemorrhoids. At the same time, the level of estrogen in pregnant women rises, causing hyperemia and hypertrophy of the anal pad, hemorrhoids and varicose veins, causing hemorrhoids.
In addition, pregnant women are less active and tend to cause constipation. Due to forced defecation or long defecation time, congestion and swelling of the veins around the anus may result in hemorrhoids. Therefore, if women who have had hemorrhoids, they should treat hemorrhoids before pregnancy, or treat all anal diseases, so as not to restrict treatment during pregnancy and make pregnant women miserable.
As pregnant women suffer from hemorrhoids, surgery is not suitable, so it is best to take preventive health care before pregnancy, so as not to affect the health of the mother and fetus.
For expectant mothers who do not suffer from hemorrhoids, how should they take precautions first?
First, pay attention to diet.
Eat more fresh vegetables, fruits and whole grains. Acacia, honey, walnut meat, yogurt, black fungus and other foods have a preventive effect on hemorrhoids, so you can eat more. Avoid strong tea and coffee, and avoid alcohol. Eat less apples, grapes, yams and chocolate.
Second, we must develop good bowel habits.
Defecation regularly every day, try to shorten the time to go to the toilet, defecation should not be excessively exerted, the time should not be too long, and do not read or read the newspaper while defecation.
After defecation, it is best to take a bath with warm water to promote local blood circulation and keep the anus clean. Pregnant women with constipation should take mild laxatives as directed by their doctors, and refrain from using laxatives indiscriminately to avoid miscarriage.
Third, pay attention to rest.
Do not stand or squat for a long time, stretch your legs when sitting down, and adopt a comfortable posture. Prevent fatigue, ensure adequate rest, and ensure adequate sleep.
Fourth, you can insist on doing "levator exercises."
When doing levator anus exercises, focus your thoughts, bring your thighs together, contract your anal sphincter muscles when you inhale, and relax your anus when you exhale.
Repeated contraction and relaxation in this way, repeated 30 to 50 times each time, 1 to 2 times a day, can enhance the pelvic floor muscle contractility, facilitate defecation and prevent hemorrhoids.
What should a mother do if she has hemorrhoids before pregnancy?
It is very difficult for pregnant women to conceive in October, especially for mothers who have hemorrhoids before pregnancy. Pregnancy will definitely aggravate hemorrhoids. In clinical practice, what should we do if hemorrhoids aggravate after pregnancy? Faced with various hemorrhoid suppositories or creams on the market, mothers-to-be must choose carefully. This type of hemorrhoid suppository (ointment) is composed of musk, bezoar, pearl and other drugs. Among them, musk has the effects of promoting blood circulation, relieving pain, and promoting the birth of a child. Pharmacological studies have shown that musk has obvious excitatory effects on the uterus, and pregnant women are prone to miscarriage or premature delivery after use.
I suggest that before pregnancy, if you have hemorrhoids, it is best to get hemorrhoids. We have encountered patients with hemorrhoids. After the later stages of pregnancy, such as seven or eight months, hemorrhoids suddenly get worse. There is a very serious thrombotic pain. If the operation is not performed, the hemorrhoids will be necrotic. If the operation is performed, the child will be affected. In this case, we have encountered such a situation. Due to the consent of the family members, it is considered that We can’t do it. We try to use the degree of minor injury. We performed the operation on the patient. Of course, the patient was born prematurely, but the child was not affected because of seven or eight months, but from this example, It is recommended that if you are pregnant or have hemorrhoids before pregnancy, it is best to completely cure the hemorrhoids.