People commonly call "ten men and nine hemorrhoids" and "ten women and ten hemorrhoids". In fact, in life, women are more likely to develop anorectal diseases than men, so it is more important for women to prevent anorectal diseases. What should female friends do to minimize the trouble of anorectal disease? Today we will talk about women's anorectal health care.
Why do women have so many anorectal diseases?
The main reasons for the high prevalence of anorectal disease in women are as follows:
① Due to the difference of physiological anatomy, women have one more uterus in the pelvic cavity than men, squeezing the rectum and tilting the rectum backward, so the curvature of the rectum increases, and the passage of stool is slower than that of men, and constipation is prone to occur.
②Women during pregnancy compress the rectum due to the enlargement of the fetus, which makes the venous return of the rectum and anus obstructed, causing hemorrhoids and varicose veins to form hemorrhoids.
③ The secretions such as menstruation and leucorrhea often stimulate the skin of the anus, causing chronic inflammation, resulting in tissue proliferation and forming hemorrhoids.
④After giving birth, a woman's abdominal cavity is empty, which makes the sense of defecation become dull, plus lying in bed all day, weak defecation, resulting in difficulty in defecation, often days or even a week without defecation, so that the stool stays in the intestine for too long and becomes indurated. Injury the anus during defecation and cause illness.
How to carry out anorectal health care during menstruation and pregnancy?
During menstruation, the stimulation of menstrual blood and the friction of the sanitary pad can stimulate the skin of the anus, causing congestion, itching, pain, or swelling of external hemorrhoids. Therefore, it is necessary to wash and compress with warm water frequently to improve blood circulation and enhance resistance. Menstrual pads should be soft, absorbent pads to reduce stimulation to the anus, and pay attention to timely replacement.
Treat the disease and rest
Pay attention to proper rest during menstruation and treat related diseases in time, such as menstrual diarrhea and menstrual cough. At the same time, keep a good mood and avoid depression and irritability. Eat less irritating food and develop good living habits. It is worth noting that blood in the stool during menstruation is easily covered by menstruation, and blood flowing from the anus is often mistaken for menstrual blood without timely treatment.
Prevent constipation during pregnancy
In the late pregnancy of women, due to the enlargement of the fetus, the rectum can be compressed, which affects the blood return of the anorectal area, and can also cause constipation. This not only prone to hemorrhoids, but also can aggravate the original hemorrhoid nucleus, so constipation during pregnancy Pay attention. To prevent constipation during pregnancy, you must first pay attention to life conditioning. It is not advisable to eat too many spicy and thick-tasting products. You should eat more foods containing more fiber such as fresh fruits and vegetables; secondly, pay attention to the combination of activity and bed rest. Regular bowel habits, if you find dry stools, you should take measures in time to soften the stools and discharge them smoothly.
Wash the anus with warm water every day during pregnancy, or apply a hot towel for a while, which can help and promote blood circulation in the anus and maintain good muscle elasticity.
Why should I soften my stool in the early postpartum period?
Constipation is one of the main causes of anorectal disease
The most common symptom of women after childbirth is constipation, so special attention should be paid to prevention. The postpartum uterus contracts, and the pressure on the rectum suddenly disappears, causing the intestinal cavity to dilate and expand; postpartum bed rest, lack of activity, and slow gastrointestinal motility; postpartum diet is fine and there are few food residues; postpartum negligence to regulate stool or failure to cure constipation during pregnancy, etc. It is the cause of postpartum constipation. Most postpartum constipation can cause anal fissures, causing severe pain and bleeding in the anus during defecation. Women who are afraid of pain will not dare to eat, which will directly affect their health.
Prevention of postpartum constipation
The parturient should have enough knowledge about the law and harm of postpartum constipation, and effective measures should be taken in time to prevent constipation. For example, increase vegetables appropriately in the diet, especially crude fiber vegetables such as spinach, celery, leeks, and greens; use honey water as a beverage orally, and eat mochi porridge (black sesame and sesame seeds each 10 g mashed and cooked). Getting out of bed as soon as possible and taking proper activities can promote the recovery of gastrointestinal motility. You can also massage Yingxiang acupoint (a horizontal finger outside the nostril) with both hands and index fingers, which can accelerate bowel movements and facilitate defecation. Eat more fruits after delivery, such as bananas, pears, oranges, etc. For the first bowel movement after childbirth, you can squeeze it into the anus to lubricate the feces. After the bowel movement, take a bath with hot water and compress it.