1. The necessary preoperative examination is a prerequisite to ensure the success of the operation. The patient should truthfully inform the doctor whether he has heart disease, hypertension, cirrhosis and other chronic diseases, and whether he has taken anticoagulant drugs such as: (enteric-coated) aspirin, Hua Farin, etc., are prone to bleeding after taking the above-mentioned drugs.
2. There is no need to fast before surgery, but should eat less residue.
3. Empty large and urinary stools before surgery, and not bowel movements on the day after surgery to avoid massive bleeding, anal edema and temporary urinary retention.
4. It is advisable to defecate every morning after the operation, and change the dressing after taking a bath with Chinese medicine or PP powder. The sitz bath syrup should be slightly hot, first heat the steam bath, wait until it cools to about 40 ℃, and then wash the sitz bath, be sure to immerse the anus in water for 10-20 minutes each time. Rinse the shower head or wash your hands casually a few times, but the effect will not be achieved.
5. It is advisable to keep the stool unobstructed after the operation, drink plenty of water, eat more high-fiber foods or honey, fruits, etc. to avoid dry stool, and take laxative drugs.
6. The hemorrhoids are prone to hemorrhage within 24 hours and 7-10 days after the operation. Patients should avoid strenuous activities, avoid struggling in the toilet, and cannot pull the hemorrhoid ligation thread and anal fistula thread by themselves.
7. If massive bleeding occurs after hemorrhoid fistula surgery, the amount is generally large, and a large amount of blood flows into the rectum and colon. It is not easy to find early. If the lower abdomen and anus are swollen, the feeling of bowel movement, bowel sounds, the patient is pale, palpitation, fainting, etc. Deal with it early.
8. For postoperative pain, you can take or intramuscular injection of analgesics or perianal ointment with anesthetic properties. Urinary retention and poor urination can be applied to the lower abdomen first, or stand on the bedside to urinate (for patients with spinal anesthesia), and the bed cannot be discharged. Ask a doctor if necessary.