2020年10月23日星期五

hemorrhoids or cancer,Common problems of anorectal diseases

    Anorectal disease is a common type of disease, and it is painful, difficult to heal, and recurrent, causing great discomfort to the majority of patients. In addition, ordinary people think that the disease is unspeakable and unwilling to seek medical treatment or cannot find a good doctor, which often causes delays and aggravation of the disease. Here, I would like to introduce to you the self-diagnosis of common diseases in the anorectal department. I hope that everyone can know the anorectal diseases early, treat them earlier, recover earlier, and suffer less.

    1. What's wrong with blood in the stool?

    Blood in the stool is the most common symptom of anorectal diseases, but there are many kinds of blood in the stool, and not every type of blood in the stool is caused by anorectal diseases. Hemorrhoids in anorectal diseases are most likely to cause blood in the stool. When you always have blood dripping from the anus after every bowel movement, and the color is still bright red, you can consider whether you have hemorrhoids. This kind of blood in the stool is generally separated from the blood and will not be mixed together. Hemorrhoids can only be manifested by blood in the stool, or at the same time, a mass can be felt in the anus after the stool. To put it simply, bright red blood in the stool after stool is generally suspected of hemorrhoids. When there is blood dripping after defecation, and the anal pain is obvious during defecation, anal fissure is suspected. There is also a rare situation. There is not much blood, pus is mixed, and there is redness and swelling in the anus. This is most likely a perianal abscess.

    Of course, there are other diseases that also have blood in the stool, such as rectal polyps. This kind of blood in the stool is mainly caused by rubbing a blood stain on the surface of the stool, just like using a brush to brush it; secondly, rectal tumors, In particular, low-lying tumors will also have bloody stools. Tumor patients are often accompanied by weight loss and a significant weight loss in a short period of time. Most patients with rectal tumors have bloody stools, blood and stools mixed, which can be distinguished from hemorrhoids; Or, such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, etc., there will be blood in the stool, but the color is mostly pink, mixed with pus and mucus, called mucus pus and blood in the stool.

    What needs more attention is when there is black stool. Black stool can be regarded as an evolution of blood stool. Once or twice, you can first think about whether you have used duck blood, pig blood and other animal blood foods the first day. If not, it is necessary to suspect that there is gastrointestinal bleeding, especially black, tarry stools. You need to see a hospital emergency or gastroenterology department immediately, because the risk of acute gastrointestinal bleeding is very high.

    2. What is going on when the anus is swollen?

    3. What is the pain in the anus?

    Pain is also one of the important symptoms of anorectal diseases. Different anorectal diseases often cause different types of pain. Anal fissures are most likely to cause anal pain, tearing or cutting pain in the anus during defecation, and sudden cramping pain after a period of time after defecation. This can basically be regarded as anal fissure; the second mentioned Incarcerated hemorrhoids, there will also be pain in the anus, which is a severe pain. The internal hemorrhoid tissue stuck outside the anus can be felt or seen in the anus, which is easy to distinguish from other diseases; when the anus has a needle-like pain If you can still feel one or a few bean-sized packets, you have to suspect whether it is a thrombotic external hemorrhoid. The pain of perianal abscess is also easy to distinguish, mainly hot pain and swelling pain, but also local redness and swelling.

    These are the common manifestations of anorectal diseases, of course, there are itching around the anus, secretions, vegetation waiting for some other rare manifestations. Here is a brief introduction to the differences between common anorectal diseases. I hope you can gain something after reading it. When you or your relatives and friends have related problems, you can find the anorectal department for treatment in the first time and prevent misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis as soon as possible Get rid of diseases.

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