The human body is an organic whole, and the occurrence and aggravation of anal diseases do not exist in isolation, and are closely related to the condition of the entire human body and influence each other. For example, chronic diarrhea, enteritis, liver cirrhosis, ascites, dry stool, etc. in gastrointestinal diseases can cause anal diseases such as hemorrhoids and anal fissures.
Therefore, in the process of treating anal diseases, if the treatment of primary diseases such as enteritis and diarrhea is neglected, and only treating anal diseases such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures and anal fistulas, satisfactory long-term effects will not be achieved. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of anal diseases should be based on the whole, and at the same time, the whole and the part should be combined. It is very important to treat systemic diseases while treating anal diseases. For example, the treatment of anal fissure must treat constipation.
Usually, it is necessary to treat digestive system diseases in time and regulate gastrointestinal function. When suffering from chronic enteritis and internal hemorrhoids, the former must be the focus of treatment. After the symptoms (primary disease) are controlled or cured, hemorrhoids can be treated or treated at the same time for better results. Normally develop good bowel habits. It is advisable to have one bowel movement a day, and shorten the bowel time as much as possible. Do deep breathing exercises during bowel movements. Do not exert too much force. The time for each bowel movement is 5-10 minutes.
Don't endure stool for a long time, avoid the formation of habitual constipation, and reduce the impact pressure and laceration caused by dry and hard stool on the anal canal and rectum. Constipation patients usually eat more vegetables and fruits that contain more fiber, such as celery, leeks, Chinese cabbage, spinach, bananas, apples, etc., and eat less irritating foods, such as peppers, ginger, wine, etc., to reduce the impact on the anal canal Rectal irritation.
Develop good living habits, do not overeating, and not hungry. To keep the anus clean, it is best to take a bath every night before going to bed (or after stool) to reduce the chance of inflammation and infection in the anus.
Patients with perianal inflammation should be treated promptly and thoroughly, which is of great significance to avoid the formation of anal fissures and fistulas. Minimize the use of oily ointments and poorly volatile liquid medicines in the anorectal area to prevent blocking the openings of the anal glands and sweat ducts and affecting their normal physiological functions.
Do not sit in a humid place for a long time. It is not advisable to rub irritating chemicals in the anorectal canal to avoid congestion and edema of the skin and mucous membranes, causing inflammation.
Pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy should do appropriate exercises every day, and often raise their lower extremities and lie on their backs, which is conducive to the return of blood from the lower extremities and pelvis, and avoids hemorrhoidal varicose veins.
Patients with sigmoid colon, rectum, anus and other diseases should adopt the right decubitus position during sleep to reduce the pressure on the left colon, promote local blood circulation, and help the recovery of the disease.
People who are engaged in sedentary, long standing, and long-squatting occupations (drivers, hairdressers) should frequently change positions, increase activities appropriately, and participate in exercises between classes. During weight-bearing operation (long-distance marching), you can use your fingers to massage the anal area with pants every half an hour. While massaging, cooperate with deep breathing and levator anus exercises, every 5-10 times/min, to strengthen the contraction function of the anal sphincter and promote venous blood return.
Levator anus exercises can improve local blood circulation, improve the function of anal sphincter, prevent anal relaxation, and have a good effect on preventing hemorrhoids and prolapse. Method (sitting, lying, standing): When inhaling, force the anus to inhale and lift, tighten the anus, and relax when exhaling. Relax and tighten the anus 30 times each time, once in the morning and once in the evening. If you can take a chest-knee position (kneeling with both knees, chest against the bed, raising buttocks) for levator anus exercises, the effect will be better. The effect of hip flexion and anus exercise is better. The method is to lie on your back, cross your legs and raise your hips (make your thighs as close to your abdomen as possible), and do 20-30 times in a row. Exhale as you flex your hips and relax your anus, once a day in the morning and evening. In addition, you can also do sit-ups to increase abdominal muscle strength, which is very helpful for improving bowel function.
It is also necessary to prevent constipation and diarrhea at ordinary times, so as not to develop into perianal abscess or anal fistula. Actively treat the systemic diseases that cause perianal abscess, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, intestinal tuberculosis, etc., and prompt diagnosis and treatment if there is anal burning discomfort or falling sensation.