2020年10月13日星期二

hemorrhoids lidocaine,Hemorrhoids, simple description and treatment

    1. Hemorrhoids (Hmeorrhoids): is the most common anorectal disease. The disease can occur at any age, but with age, the incidence rate increases.

    2. Causes of hemorrhoids: At present, the cause of hemorrhoids is not completely clear, and may be related to many factors, mainly considering the following factors:

    1. Move the anal cushion down;

    2. Varicose veins;

    3. Bad life and eating habits;

    4. Other

    3. Classification and performance

    1. Internal hemorrhoids: Painless bleeding is the main type, which is bleeding (dropping or ejection) when bleeding.

    2. External hemorrhoids: Anal discomfort, dampness, intermittent itching, and anal hemorrhoids.

    3. Mixed hemorrhoids: can be manifested as internal and external hemorrhoids.

    Four, treatment

    General principles of treatment:

    Asymptomatic hemorrhoids do not require treatment;

    Symptomatic hemorrhoids are reducing or eliminating symptoms, rather than radical cure;

    Mainly non-surgical treatment.

    1. Non-surgical treatment:

    A. Change bad bowel habits, maintain smooth stool, prevent constipation and diarrhea;

    Such as: increase fibrous food, proper aerobic exercise, maintain a relatively fixed time for defecation every day,

    Try to eat less spicy food and drink a lot of alcohol.

    B. Sit in warm water, keep the anus clean and dry, and do levator anus exercises appropriately;

    C. Drugs such as hemorrhoid suppository and Maizhiling can be given.

    2. Surgical treatment:

    A. Injection therapy;

    B. Hemorrhoid ligation;

    C. Simple hemorrhoidectomy;

    D. Stapled prolapse and hemorrhoids mucosal circumcision (PPH) or stapled prolapse and hemorrhoids mucosa selective resection (TST)

    references

    Chen Xiaoping, Wang Jianping Surgery 8th edition. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 2013

    statement:

    Personal link and QR code: https://zhoutaocq.haodf.com

    Chongqing Qianjiang Central Hospital: https://www.qjzxyy.com/

    General Ward of Qianjiang Central Hospital of Chongqing City: https://www.qjzxyy.com/contents/218/948.html or:

    https://m.haodf.com/touch/faculty/DE4r0Fy0C9LuhlxIMTMQpI1OdBHBTXzVa.htm

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