Hemorrhoids are a common clinical disease and frequently-occurring disease. There is a saying in China that there are "nine hemorrhoids in ten people". A nationwide survey in the 1970s showed that the incidence of anorectal diseases was 59.1%, and the incidence of hemorrhoids was the highest. Accounted for 87.25% of the total number of anorectal diseases. Internal hemorrhoids accounted for 59.86%, external hemorrhoids accounted for 16.01%, and mixed hemorrhoids accounted for 24.13%. The above situation is sufficient to show that hemorrhoids are common and frequently-occurring diseases. In addition, in terms of gender and age, the incidence ratio of men to women is about 4:5, and the incidence of women is slightly higher. The age of onset is mostly 20-50 years old, and it can gradually increase with age.
Eliminating the symptoms of hemorrhoids is the fundamental principle of treating hemorrhoids. Asymptomatic hemorrhoids generally do not need treatment, even if they are large, they should not be used as a treatment indicator; on the contrary, hemorrhoids with small size but obvious symptoms should be actively treated. In the treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids, surgical treatment should only be considered when conservative treatment and non-surgical treatment are ineffective or severe prolapse. The purpose of surgery is to remove lesions and symptoms, rather than radical resection, so the normal tissues that can be preserved must be protected during surgery. At the same time, during the operation, while removing the lesion, eliminating the symptoms and protecting the anal function, the anus should be kept normal after the operation to avoid deformity.
The following specifically talk about the advantages of internal hemorrhoid ligation plus Shao Bei injection to astringe and remove blood stasis compared with traditional methods
1. The method of internal hemorrhoid ligation plus Shaobei injection for astringent and stasis removal method reduces the number of ligation points compared with simple ligation, and avoids rectal anal canal stenosis caused by excessive ligation.
2. Only the upper 1/3-1/2 part of the prolapsed hemorrhoids is ligated, which not only shortens the time for the ligation thread to fall off, but also greatly reduces the wound surface after detachment compared with the wound surface directly ligated to the base. The role of venous blood vessels can prevent major bleeding when the ligation thread falls off.
3. Simple ligation only works on the ligated points, causing them to necrosis and fall off; Shaobei injection can converge and remove blood stasis for all the infiltrated parts. The scope of action of the two is the relationship between point and surface, the latter has a more significant therapeutic effect.