Pregnancy is a relatively special physiological period, and it is also a period that every family pays special attention to. Some symptoms often appear. Here are the following common symptoms and countermeasures:
Especially in the early pregnancy, most pregnant women have nausea, anorexia, and vomiting, which is called early pregnancy reaction. This phenomenon generally appears in the 40th day of pregnancy and disappears after about 3 months of pregnancy. Some pregnant women do not respond, and some pregnant women have severe reactions and require hospitalization. Early pregnancy reaction is the heaviest after getting up in the morning, which is caused by the placenta producing a large amount of chorionic gonadotropin. In addition, due to the enlargement of the uterus during pregnancy, the stomach moves up and the stomach contents return to the lower esophagus, which can cause heartburn. For mild early pregnancy reactions, as long as you adjust your diet appropriately, eat small and varied meals, eat more digestible things, and eat less For sugars and fats, taking a proper walk after meals can reduce or avoid this reaction. Severe vomiting symptoms are classified as "hyperemesis during pregnancy" and need to be treated in the hospital.
It is common during pregnancy. Due to weakened bowel movements, reduced movement, changes in hormone levels and autonomic nerve function, and increased pressure on the intestinal tract from the uterus and fetal presentation, pregnant women are prone to constipation. Laxatives should not be used in the early pregnancy to avoid miscarriage. You should adjust your diet, eat more vegetables, fruits and laxative foods, exercise moderately, and develop a habit of defecation on time to reduce or eliminate constipation. Oral laxatives when necessary. If it is stubborn constipation, you can go to the hospital for treatment with the assistance of a doctor.
During pregnancy, especially the third trimester, increased abdominal pressure and increased uterine compression will obstruct the pelvic venous return and cause increased rectal venous pressure, which is prone to hemorrhoids or aggravates the original hemorrhoids. The way to relieve hemorrhoids is to eat more fruits and vegetables and less spicy food. In severe cases, hemorrhoid ointment and traditional Chinese medicine can be used in a bath.
4. Lower limb muscle spasm
It is a manifestation of calcium deficiency in pregnant women. In the middle and late stages of pregnancy, the need for calcium increases. If it is not supplemented in time, lower limb muscle spasm may occur due to calcium deficiency. It usually occurs in the calf gastrocnemius muscle and often attacks at night, most of which can be quickly relieved. Therefore, eat more foods with high calcium content, such as shrimp skin, bone soup and so on. In severe cases, calcium tablets, 2-3 tablets each time, 3 times a day orally; 1-2 pills of cod liver oil, 3 times a day orally; Vitamin B1 10 mg, orally 3 times a day.
In the middle and late stages of pregnancy, pregnant women have increased iron requirements, which cannot be met by diet alone, and anemia may occur. Therefore, iron supplementation should be routinely supplemented from 4-5 months of pregnancy to find out the cause of anemia in time. Commonly used ferrous sulfate "0.3g", once a day; Vitamin C 100 mg, 2 calcium tablets each time, orally 3 times a day. In addition, vitamin C and calcium supplements can increase iron absorption.
In the third trimester, many pregnant women suffer from insomnia, which is caused by the third trimester, abdominal distension, restricted sleeping position and mental stress. The way to deal with it is to relax your mind, calm your heart, and do what you can to divert attention. If insomnia is severe, please consult a doctor.
7. Varicose veins
In the late pregnancy, most pregnant women have varicose veins in the lower limbs and perineum, which are obviously protruding on the skin. In order to avoid and alleviate this phenomenon, raise the lower limbs during sleep to facilitate venous return, do not stand for a long time, and do not tie the waist too tightly. If varicose veins have occurred, care should be taken to protect the skin of these parts to avoid bleeding. Varicose veins can be aggravated by the increase in the number of pregnancies.