1. Nausea and vomiting: pregnant women have nausea and vomiting in the early pregnancy. Even in the morning, vitamin B6 10-20mg can be taken orally 3 times a day. If the vomiting is severe and you cannot eat, it is hyperemesis gravidarum and you should go to the hospital for treatment. In the third trimester, the enlarged uterus compresses the stomach. Pregnant women will feel stomach discomfort and vomiting. They should avoid eating large amounts of cereals, beans and fried foods. It is not advisable to overeat each meal and eat small and frequent meals. If necessary, take antacids under the guidance of a doctor.
2. Abdominal pain: generally no abdominal pain during pregnancy. Abdominal pain in early pregnancy may be a threatened abortion. From the second trimester of pregnancy, suffering from pregnancy-induced hypertension, wrestling, sudden abdominal pain after an external impact on the abdomen, the possibility of placental abruption should be considered. Under normal circumstances, mild abdominal pain in the third trimester of pregnancy is uterine contractions, irregular, and occasionally. If it is regular paroxysmal abdominal pain, it may be a manifestation of labor, and you should go to the hospital for emergency.
3. Vaginal bleeding: Vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy may be threatened abortion. In the middle and late stages of pregnancy, if there is painless bleeding, it may be caused by placenta previa; if it is accompanied by abdominal pain, it may be placental abruption. See a doctor in time.
4. Low back pain: During pregnancy, due to the loose joint ligaments, the enlarged uterus bulges forward and the body weight center moves backward, and the waist bulges forward, so that the back muscles are in a continuous tension state. Pregnant women often suffer from back pain.
5. Constipation and hemorrhoids: The low activity of pregnant women and the influence of hormones in the receptors weaken bowel movements and are prone to constipation. The enlarged uterus compresses the intestines and is prone to constipation. To prevent constipation, exercise properly, live a regular life, and develop the habit of regular bowel movements. Drink plenty of water and eat more foods such as cellulose-containing vegetables, fresh fruits, and honey. When constipation is severe, use Kaisailu, dry oil suppository, etc. to help defecation. Hemorrhoids are caused by increased uterine compression that hinders the return of pelvic veins, and increased venous pressure, resulting in the formation of varicose veins around the anus. Pregnant women eat more crude fiber foods to maintain smooth stool, prevent constipation, and prevent hemorrhoids.
6. Lower extremity edema: It is normal for pregnant women to have mild swelling of the ankle and lower leg of the lower leg in the late pregnancy, which subsides after rest. If the lower extremity swelling is obvious and cannot subside after rest, it is an abnormal phenomenon. There may be pregnancy-induced hypertension, pregnancy complicated with kidney disease, etc., and the cause should be treated promptly after identification.
7. Calf cramps: It is a manifestation of calcium deficiency in pregnant women, which is more common in the later stages of pregnancy and often occurs at night. Straighten the lower limbs and massage the calf muscles, which can often relieve quickly. Pregnant women should be supplemented with calcium and vitamin D.