2020年10月19日星期一

hemorrhoids cancer,The health care of black fungus

    Fungus, also known as black fungus, light fungus. Mycological classification belongs to Basidiomycetes, Auricularia, Auriculariaceae. Dark brown color, soft texture, delicious taste, rich nutrition, can be vegetarian or meat, not only add style to Chinese cuisine, but also can nourish the skin, make the skin ruddy, radiant, and prevent iron deficiency anemia and other Medicinal effect. Mainly distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Fujian, Taiwan, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places. It grows on the rotten woods of more than 120 broad-leaved trees such as oak, poplar, banyan, and locust tree. It grows solitary or in groups. At present, artificial cultivation is mainly based on basswood and bag materials.

    Nutritional analysis

    1. The iron content in the fungus is extremely rich, so eating fungus can nourish the blood and keep the face, make the skin ruddy and radiant, and can prevent iron deficiency anemia;

    2. Fungus contains vitamin K, which can maintain the normal level of blood clotting factors in the body and prevent bleeding;

    3. The gum in the fungus can absorb and concentrate the dust and impurities remaining in the human digestive system and excrete it out of the body, thereby clearing the stomach and intestines;

    4. It also has a relatively significant resolving function for endogenous foreign bodies such as gallstones and kidney stones;

    5. It also has the function of helping to digest fiber materials, and it can dissolve and decompose the indigestible hair, chaff, wood residue, sand, metal shavings and other foreign materials that are inadvertently eaten. Therefore, it is used in mining, chemical and chemical industries. Indispensable health food for textile workers;

    6. Fungus contains anti-tumor active substances, which can enhance the body's immunity, and regular consumption can prevent cancer and fight cancer.

    chemical composition

    1. Fungus contains fungus polysaccharides. A polysaccharide isolated from the fruit body with a relative molecular mass of 155,000. It is composed of L-fucose, L-arabinose, D-xylose, and D-mannose. -Mannose), D-glucose, glucuronic acid, etc. The molar ratio is .14:0.045:0.17:1.00::.61::.44. Mycelium contains exopolysaccharides. It also contains ergosterol, provitamin D2, and ustilaginoidin. The fungus grown on cotton seed husks contains 11.50% total amino acids, 13.85% protein, 0.60% lipid, 66.22% sugar, 1.68% cellulose, carotene 0.22mg/kg, vitamin ( vitamin) A 1.76u/g, vitamin B1 0.88mg/kg, vitamin B2 11.4mg/kg and various inorganic elements: potassium 1.98%, sodium 0.055%, calcium 0.28%, magnesium 0.23%, iron 0.0017%, copper 6.3× 10\-6, zinc 12×10\-6, manganese 26×10\-6, phosphorus 392mg%, etc.

    2. Hair fungus contains lectin with a relative molecular mass of about 23,000. Contains auritoxin (auritoxin) I and II, which are protein-bound polysaccharides. Two polysaccharides, APPA and APPB, are obtained from the fruit body. The relative molecular mass of the former is about 120,000 and the latter is about 70,000.

    3. Wrinkle fungus grows in liquid culture and produces membrane complexes, which include orcinol, atranorin, oreselinic acid, salazinic acid, and lecanoric acid ) And fumaprotocetraric acid.

    effect

    Nourishing Qi and Nourishing Blood; Nourishing the Lung and Relieving Cough; Anticoagulation; Lowering Blood Pressure; Anticancer; Blood Transport

    Pharmacological action

    Effects on the blood system

    (1) Anticoagulant effect 300% fungus decoction 1ml/100g gavage, continuous 20 days, the experimental results show that fungus can prolong the kaolin partial thromboplastin time 12.06s, increase the plasma antithrombin Ⅲ activity, has obvious Anticoagulant effect. Auricularia polysaccharide 50mg/kg given to mice by intravenous injection, intraperitoneal injection, and gavage have obvious anticoagulant effect; in in vitro experiments, the auricularia polysaccharide also has strong anticoagulant activity.

    (2) Anti-platelet aggregation The phosphate-buffered saline extract of black fungus significantly inhibited ADP-induced platelet aggregation in the test tube, and blocked ADP below 16μmol/L from activating platelets to release serotonin. The black fungus had an effective antiplatelet effect. The ingredients are water soluble.Human platelet function decreased within 3 hours after oral administration of 70g black fungus, and continued for 24 hours. Agaric mycelium acid extraction in the body (rats intravenously 10g/kg or gavage 10g/kg for 15 consecutive days), in vitro (25mg/ml, 50mg/ml and 100mg (mycelium)/ml) can significantly inhibit ADP induction Platelet aggregation in rats. Alcohol extract 5g/kg, 7g/kg gavage, a total of 15d, can significantly shorten the red blood cell electrophoresis time. The results of intraperitoneal injection of black fungus acid heteropolysaccharide in mice showed that the polysaccharide has the effects of promoting the increase of white blood cells, anticoagulation and reducing platelets. Its activity increases with the decrease of polysaccharide molecular weight and uronic acid content, that is, biological activity depends on The solubility of polysaccharides in water.

    (3) Anti-thrombosis rabbits oral agaric polysaccharide 18.5mg/kg can significantly prolong the formation time of specific thrombus and fibrin thrombus, shorten the length of thrombus, reduce the wet weight and dry weight of thrombus, reduce the number of platelets, and reduce the platelet adhesion rate And blood viscosity, can significantly shorten the dissolution time of guinea pig euglobulin, reduce plasma fibrinogen content, and increase plasmin activity. The results show that agaric polysaccharide has obvious antithrombotic effect.

    (4) The effect of increasing white blood cells. Injecting 2mg of black fungus polysaccharide per mouse into the abdominal cavity of mice for 7 consecutive days has a good effect on preventing the decrease of white blood cells caused by cyclophosphamide.

    Promoting immune function

    Black fungus polysaccharide can increase mouse spleen index, half hemolysis value (HC50) and rosette formation rate, promote the phagocytic function of macrophages and lymphocyte transformation. Fungus mycelium 250mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection of mice for 7 days can significantly increase the percentage of peripheral blood T lymphocytes; 400mg/kg,

    800mg/kg subcutaneous injection, a total of 7 days, the reduction of half of the hemolysis value HC50 caused by cyclophosphamide returned to normal.

    Effects on nucleic acid and protein biosynthesis

    100μg of black fungus polysaccharide can significantly promote the synthesis of human lymphocyte DNA and ribonucleic acid. Auricularia polysaccharides were injected into mice's abdominal cavity with 100mg/kg for 4 days, which had a weaker effect on the incorporation of 3H leucine into mouse serum proteins.

    The effect of lowering blood lipid and anti-atherosclerosis

    Agaric decoction of 30g/kg, continuous oral administration for 20 days, agaric polysaccharide 28mg/kg, continuous administration for 8 days, can significantly reduce the serum triacylglycerol (triglyceride) and serum total cholesterol (TC) content of hyperlipidemia rats. Increase the ratio of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) to total cholesterol, and have the effect of lowering cholesterol. Agaric polysaccharide 180mg/kg can prevent the formation of hypercholesterolemia in mice caused by high cholesterol. While feeding cholesterol every day, add black fungus 2.5g/head for 90 days, which can reduce rabbit plasma cholesterol, lipid peroxide (LPO), thromboxane A2 (TXA2) content, and increase prostacyclin/thromboxane A2 (PGI2/TXA2) ratio, reduce the effect of atherosclerosis.

    Anti-aging effect

    Give rabbits black fungus 2.5g/head per day for 90 days, which can reduce oxygen free radicals, lipofuscin in liver, heart and brain tissues, plasma lipid peroxide, plasma cholesterol content and reduce atherosclerotic rabbits. The role of sclerosing lesions. It is suggested that black fungus may lower plasma cholesterol and reduce the formation of lipofuscin, which is a product of lipid peroxidation, to maintain the normal metabolism of cells, showing that it has the effect of delaying aging. Using chemiluminescence analysis method, it was studied that 50μl, 800μl, 1000μl of 2.5% black fungus water extract has scavenging effect on H2O2 or superoxide radical (O-2) produced by enzyme system and non-enzymatic system, the scavenging ability and dosage There is a dose-effect relationship, suggesting that the water extract of black fungus contains antioxidants. Black fungus polysaccharide 100mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection, for 7 days, can prolong the average swimming time of mice in water by 50.40%, and enhance the ability of mice to resist fatigue; it can also significantly reduce the lipofuscin content of myocardial tissue in mice; Increase the specific activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in mouse brain and liver tissue; it has a significant inhibitory effect on the activity of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) in the isolated mouse brain. The inhibitory strength increases with the increase in concentration and can increase Drosophila flying ability. Black fungus polysaccharide can significantly prolong the average lifespan of fruit flies, which is 1.26 times that of the control group. After 40 days of oral administration of black fungus polysaccharide, the lipofuscin content of fruit flies decreased.

    Anti-radiation and anti-inflammatory effect

    Intraperitoneal injection of 100mg/kg of fungus polysaccharide in mice has an antagonistic effect on 60Coγ-ray irradiation for 7 consecutive days, which increases the survival rate of mice by 1.56 times. Intraperitoneal injection of 60mg/mouse has certain resistance to rat plantar swelling caused by egg white. Inflammation.

    Anti-ulcer effect

    Gavage of black fungus polysaccharide at 70 mg/kg daily for 2 days can significantly inhibit the formation of stress ulcers in rats; gavage at 165 mg/kg daily for 12 days can promote the healing of acetic acid-type gastric ulcers Secretion and pepsin activity have no obvious effect.

    Hypoglycemic effect

    Agaric polysaccharide 33mg/kg or 100mg/kg gavage can significantly reduce the blood sugar level of alloxan diabetic mice. The effect of lowering blood sugar is the most significant 4-7h after oral administration of polysaccharide; it can also reduce the amount of water in diabetic mice.

    Anti-fertility

    The anti-implantation and anti-early pregnancy effects were the most obvious when 8.25 mg/kg of black fungus polysaccharide was injected into the intraperitoneal cavity of mice.

    Anti-cancer and anti-mutation effects

    The hot water extract of fungus has an inhibitory rate of 42.5% to 70% for Swiss mouse sarcoma S180, and an inhibitory rate of 80% for Ehrlich ascites cancer. Black fungus polysaccharide 200mg/(kg·d), for 10 consecutive days, has the effect of antagonizing the increase in the rate of bone marrow micronucleus in mice caused by cyclophosphamide.

    Antibacterial effect

    Nitridin isolated from fungus has antifungal effects.

    toxicity

    The LD50 of black fungus polysaccharides injected into mice by intraperitoneal cavity was 789.60±92.19mg/kg.

    people suitble

    suitable for majority of the people.

    1. Suitable for patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and calculus, especially suitable for iron-deficient people, miners, metallurgical workers, textile workers, hairdressers;

    2. People with bleeding diseases and diarrhea should not eat or eat less;

    3. Pregnant women should not eat more.

    Food

    Fungus should not eat with snails

    In terms of food properties, cold snails encounter smooth fungus, which is not conducive to digestion, so the two should not be eaten together.

    People suffering from hemorrhoids should not eat the fungus and pheasants at the same time. The pheasants have a small poison, and the same food can easily induce hemorrhoid bleeding.

    Fungus should not be eaten with wild ducks, wild ducks are sweet and cool, and are prone to indigestion.

    Turnip and fungus can’t be rinsed together

    Lamb is warm and easy to get angry if you eat too much. Traditional Chinese medicine pays attention to the dietary method of "hot and cold". Therefore, it is best to mix some cold and sweet vegetables when boiling lamb.

    Cool vegetables generally include wax gourd, loofah, rape, spinach, cabbage, enoki mushrooms, mushrooms, lotus root, wild rice, bamboo shoots, and Chinese cabbage; sweet potatoes, potatoes, mushrooms, etc. are sweet and flat vegetables.

    Stem and leaf vegetables, such as rape, pakchoi, spinach, etc., are generally rich in vitamin C and carotene. It is best to rinse them for a short time, otherwise they will destroy the nutrients. Spinach contains oxalic acid, which will hinder the absorption of calcium and iron in food. It is best not to rinse it with other foods for a long time, just blanch it for a while. Root vegetables such as radishes, carrots, taro, potatoes, etc., are rich in crude fiber and have less nutrient loss and can take longer to rinse.

    In addition, when a variety of foods are eaten together in hot pot, it is inevitable that some foods will be mismatched, so you must pay attention to avoiding them when eating. For example, don’t eat fungus when turning radish. Eating the two together may cause dermatitis. Potatoes are a very popular vegetable in shabu-shabu. However, if bananas are used as a fruit after meals, it may cause facial spots.

    Eating fresh fungus can be poisoned

    Fresh fungus contains a special chemical named "porphyrin". Because of the existence of this substance, after people eat fresh fungus, plant solar dermatitis will occur after exposure to sunlight, causing itching of the skin and causing the exposed parts of the skin to appear. Redness, swelling, itching, skin rash, blisters, and edema.

    In comparison, dried fungus is safer. Because dry fungus is fresh fungus after exposure treatment, most of the porphyrin will be decomposed during the exposure process. The dry fungus should be soaked in water before eating. This will dissolve the remaining toxins in the water and make the dry fungus ultimately non-toxic. However, it should be noted that it is best to change the water two to three times when soaking the dry fungus to maximize the removal. Harmful Substance.

    Therapeutic value

    Edible value

    Contains sugars, 10.6 grams of protein, 0.2 grams of fat, 306 calories, amino acids, vitamins and minerals. It has the effects of invigorating qi, filling hunger, lightening body and strengthening intelligence, stopping bleeding and relieving pain, enriching blood and promoting blood circulation. It is rich in polysaccharide colloid and has a good smoothing effect. It is an important health food for mine workers and textile workers. It also has certain functions of anti-cancer and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

    Efficacy: The gum in the fungus can absorb the dust and impurities remaining in the human digestive system and excrete them from the body, thereby clearing the stomach and intestines. At the same time, it also has the function of helping to digest fiber materials, and it can dissolve and decompose the indigestible hair, chaff, wood residue, sand, metal shavings and other foreign materials that are inadvertently eaten. Therefore, it is used in mining, chemical and chemical industries. An indispensable health food for textile workers. It also has a significant resolving function for endogenous foreign bodies such as gallstones and kidney stones. Black fungus can reduce blood clots, prevent thrombosis and other diseases, and has the effect of preventing atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. It contains anti-tumor active substances, can enhance the body's immunity, regular consumption can prevent cancer and fight cancer.

    Therapeutic effect

    Fungus is sweet in taste and flat in nature, belonging to the stomach and large intestine meridian;

    It has the effects of replenishing qi, moisturizing the lungs, invigorating the brain, lightening the body, cooling blood, hemostasis, purging the intestines, promoting blood circulation, strengthening vitality, and nourishing appearance;

    Indications of diarrhea, uterine bleeding, hematuria, gum pain, rectal prolapse, bloody stool and other diseases caused by deficiency of qi or blood heat.

    Edible side

    1. Fungus soup: 15~30g fungus, soaked in wet water, washed, boiled in water, and taken with sugar.

    This recipe mainly uses fungus to stop bleeding and nourish yin. Used for vomiting blood, blood in the stool, bleeding from hemorrhoids, or women with uterine bleeding and blood loss, and dry mouth and mouth.

    2. Fungus powder: 60g fungus, stir-fry until you see smoke, add 10g of blood and charcoal, and grind the fines together. Take 6~10g each time, with warm water or light vinegar.

    "Sun's Jixiao Recipe" has two flavors of fungus and gray hair, and now the gray hair is replaced with charcoal from blood. This prescription is matched with blood residual charcoal to enhance the hemostatic effect of fungus, and the former can remove blood stasis and stop bleeding without leaving blood stasis. It is used for women with dysplasia or blood stasis.

    Fried pork with black fungus practice one:

    Ingredients: Wash 500g of fungus, clean and shred 150g of pork, shred half each of the green and red peppers, shred a little each of ginger and green onions, and shred

    Method: 1. Put the oil in the pot and heat it to 80% heat, and then the shredded ginger will burst into aroma. 2. Stir-fry the pork and change its color. 3. Add green and red peppers, fungus, add salt, a little chili oil, and fry until cooked. 4. Add green onions before boiling.

    Note: 1. The fungus is not easy to wash, it must be carefully wiped off piece by piece. 2. All materials are equally important, and each has its own unique flavor. 3. This dish is mainly to be stir-fried quickly, and the dish is only tender when it is fried.

    Practice two of fried pork with black fungus:

    Ingredients: black fungus (already soaked), white fungus (also soaked), tomatoes, garlic sprouts, shredded pork

    Method: 1. Marinate the shredded pork with salt, thirteen incense, soy sauce, cooking wine 2. Wash the soaked black fungus and white fungus and cut them for later 3. Peel the garlic sprouts, wash, and cut into small cubes 4. Tomato Cut into small pieces 5. Put oil in the pot. After the oil is hot, put some garlic sprouts, then put the marinated pork, stir fry the meat after the color changes, put tomatoes, and then put black fungus and white fungus after a while , Continue to fry until cooked.

    Fungus food

    Fungus should not eat with snails

    In terms of food properties, cold snails encounter smooth fungus, which is not conducive to digestion, so the two should not be eaten together.

    People suffering from hemorrhoids should not eat the fungus and pheasants at the same time. The pheasants have a small poison, and the same food can easily induce hemorrhoid bleeding.

    Fungus should not be eaten with wild ducks, wild ducks are sweet and cool, and are prone to indigestion.

    Turnip and fungus can’t be rinsed together

    Lamb is warm and easy to get angry if you eat too much. Traditional Chinese medicine pays attention to the dietary method of "hot and cold". Therefore, it is best to mix some cold and sweet vegetables when boiling lamb.

    Cool vegetables generally include wax gourd, loofah, rape, spinach, cabbage, enoki mushrooms, mushrooms, lotus root, wild rice, bamboo shoots, and Chinese cabbage; sweet potatoes, potatoes, mushrooms, etc. are sweet and flat vegetables.

    Stem and leaf vegetables, such as rape, pakchoi, spinach, etc., are generally rich in vitamin C and carotene. It is best to rinse them for a short time, otherwise they will destroy the nutrients. Spinach contains oxalic acid, which will hinder the absorption of calcium and iron in food. It is best not to rinse it with other foods for a long time, just blanch it for a while. Root vegetables such as radishes, carrots, taro, potatoes, etc., are rich in crude fiber and have less nutrient loss and can take longer to rinse.

    In addition, when a variety of foods are eaten together in hot pot, it is inevitable that some foods will be mismatched, so you must pay attention to avoiding them when eating. For example, don’t eat fungus when turning radish. Eating the two together may cause dermatitis. Potatoes are a very popular vegetable in shabu-shabu. However, if bananas are used as a fruit after meals, it may cause facial spots.

    Various discourses

    Meng Xu

    Benefit the five internal organs, promote intestines and stomach qi and support poisonous qi.

    "Daily Use Materia Medica"

    Cure blood under intestinal addiction and cool blood.

    "Outline"

    Cure hemorrhoids.

    "Medicinal Properties"

    Moisturize dryness and benefit intestines.

    "Suishiju Diet Spectrum"

    Invigorate qi, endure hunger, invigorate blood, treat falls and injuries. People who suffer from bleeding dysentery and hemorrhoids suffer from intestinal wind.

    "Medicinal Properties"

    Fungus ears, good ones on ancient locust and mulberry trees. It can cure the wind, break the blood, and benefit the strength. The rest of the trees are hyperactive, have ills, make people feel anxious, damage the meridians and back, and become stuffy. The second Zumu is good.

    "Tang Materia Medica"

    Chuer people often eat, Huaier is used to treat hemorrhoids, elm, willow, and mulberry are five ears. The soft ones are not worthy.

    "Outline"

    Each wood of the fungus is born, and its good toxin must follow the nature of the wood, and it must be examined. However, there are also many miscellaneous woods in the current product, but the ears of mulberry, willow, chu, and elm are more. According to "Sheng Sheng Bian", willow moth nourishes the stomach, and the fungus depletes essence. It is said that the moth of the old willow can replenish the stomach and regulate the qi, and the fungus is born of rotten wood, and it is also harmful to the kidney.

    Beauty weight loss

    The iron content of black fungus is extremely rich, so eating fungus can nourish the blood and keep the face, make the skin ruddy and radiant, and can also prevent iron deficiency anemia; after carotene enters the human body, it is converted into vitamin A, which has the effect of moisturizing the skin and hair. . Lecithin in the body can make body fat in a liquid state, which is conducive to the complete consumption of fat in the body, and drives the movement of body fat, so that the fat distribution is reasonable and the body is well-balanced. Fiber promotes intestinal motility, promotes fat excretion, and is conducive to weight loss.

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