2020年10月27日星期二

hemorrhoids cancer,One-quarter of global cancer deaths come from China, and the incidence of colorectal cancer soars

    Article source "CCTV Network"

    From April 15th to 21st every year is the National Cancer Prevention and Treatment Publicity Week. The theme of this year's publicity week is "Scientific Fighting Cancer, Caring for Life".

    According to the 2015 annual report issued by the National Cancer Registry, cancer has become the leading cause of death in China, accounting for a quarter of the global death toll from cancer. Among them, the incidence of colorectal cancer is rising rapidly and appears to be younger.

    On average, 8,550 cancer patients are diagnosed every day in China

    At present, there are about 3.12 million new cancer cases in China each year, and an average of 8,550 people are diagnosed every day. Every minute, 6 people are diagnosed with cancer and 5 people die of cancer. There are 2.7 million deaths from cancer each year.

    The incidence of cancer in women has increased by more than 20% every year in the past ten years

    During the ten years from 2000 to 2011, the incidence of cancer in men remained stable, while the incidence in women increased significantly at a rate of 21.1% per year.

    The incidence of lung cancer ranks first, and the incidence of malignant tumors of the digestive system is high

    Among them, the incidence of lung cancer still tops the list, followed by gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer and esophageal cancer. Together, these five types of cancer cases account for approximately two-thirds of all cancer cases. The first mortality rate is still lung cancer, followed by liver cancer, stomach cancer, esophageal cancer and colorectal cancer. Among the top 5 cancers, except for the first lung cancer, the remaining four are all malignant tumors of the digestive system.

    The incidence of colorectal cancer is rising rapidly. White-collar workers are especially obvious and tend to be younger

    Colon cancer and rectal cancer are collectively referred to as colorectal cancer or colorectal cancer. Experts say that the incidence of colorectal cancer is rising rapidly, especially among white-collar workers in large cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, and there is a trend of younger generation. Some scientists predict that the incidence of colorectal cancer may exceed that of lung cancer and lung cancer in the near future. Stomach cancer has become the top cancer list. In addition to genetic factors, increasing urbanization and changes in the dietary structure of the population are also important reasons for the rejuvenation of colorectal cancer. Urban white-collar workers under high-intensity work pressure are particularly worthy of attention.

    Expert: Unhealthy diet, inadequate exercise, high incidence of people with "low-headed people"

    Shen Lin, Deputy Dean of Peking University Cancer Hospital: Like in the past, our country is dominated by rectal cancer. In recent years, it has been discovered that the incidence of colorectal cancer is rapidly increasing, so the incidence of colorectal cancer is high. The first reason is that it has something to do with your diet. Now you are eating a high-fat, high-protein, and high-calorie diet. Second, people have less exercise, more obesity, longer sitting and standing, and staring at yourself every day. Cell phones, computers, and work in these offices have a high incidence of people like this.

    Shen Lin, Deputy Dean of Peking University Cancer Hospital: Like in the past, our country is dominated by rectal cancer. In recent years, it has been discovered that the incidence of colorectal cancer is rising rapidly, so the incidence of colorectal cancer is high. The first reason is that it has something to do with your diet. Now you are eating a high-fat, high-protein, and high-calorie diet. Second, people have less exercise, more obesity, longer sitting and standing, and staring at yourself every day. Cell phones, computers, and work in these offices have a high incidence of people like this.

    Colorectal cancer is most likely to be inherited in 6 groups of high-risk groups

    Most cancers are not inherited, but about 10% to 15% of cancers are genetically caused. Among genetically related cancers, colorectal cancer is most closely related. Including those with a family history, the 6 groups are high-risk groups for colorectal cancer and should undergo regular bowel examinations.

    Most cancers are not inherited, but about 10% to 15% of cancers are genetically caused. Among genetically related cancers, colorectal cancer is most closely related. Including those with a family history, the 6 groups are high-risk groups for colorectal cancer and should undergo regular bowel examinations.

    Studies have found that about 20% to 30% of patients with colorectal cancer have a family history of tumors. If one of the immediate family members in the family has colorectal cancer, the risk of other immediate family members suffering from colorectal cancer is three times higher than that of the normal population; if there is someone in the family Suffering from adenomatosis, hereditary non-adenomatosis colorectal cancer, the risk of family members will also increase.

    The younger the patient, the higher the risk of colorectal cancer in the immediate family members; the risk of colorectal cancer patients younger than 40 years old is 6 times that of 55 years old.

    The genetic screening criteria for colorectal cancer formulated by the Chinese Anti-Cancer Association include:

    One-quarter of global cancer deaths come from China The incidence of colorectal cancer is rising rapidly, and 6 groups of people are at high risk

    At least 1 person in the family has multiple colorectal cancer; at least 1 person has colorectal cancer onset earlier than 50 years old; at least 1 person has colorectal cancer syndrome-related extra-intestinal malignancies, such as gastric cancer, endometrial cancer, Small bowel cancer, ureter or renal pelvis cancer, ovarian cancer, and liver and gallbladder cancer.

    At least 1 person in the family has multiple colorectal cancer; at least 1 person has colorectal cancer onset earlier than 50 years old; at least 1 person has colorectal cancer syndrome-related extra-intestinal malignancies, such as gastric cancer, endometrial cancer, Small bowel cancer, ureter or renal pelvis cancer, ovarian cancer, and liver and gallbladder cancer.

    6 types of people are high-risk groups for colorectal cancer, including people with family genetic history, people who like to eat high-fat and high-protein foods, people with long-term constipation and blood in the stool, people with intestinal diseases, cholecystitis and other related chronic diseases, and long-term mental depression People, people who stay up late for a long time. For these high-risk groups over 50 years old, they should have at least one bowel examination.

    Experts: sudden changes in defecation conditions need to be checked in time

    Shen Lin, deputy dean of Peking University Cancer Hospital: I found that my stool traits or habits have changed. For example, you had always had normal stools and suddenly became constipated, or stools became thinner, or had blood in the stool, or, it turned out to be Frequent constipation, sudden diarrhea, diarrhea, such changes in bowel habits, we all must also pay attention to that intestinal disease, especially colorectal cancer, this is one. There are still some people. I used to have hemorrhoids, which I said are hemorrhoids. But in fact, hemorrhoids are a high-risk group of rectal cancer. If you find blood in the stool, it is different from before, then you need to check it.

    Shen Lin, deputy dean of Peking University Cancer Hospital: I found that my stool traits or habits have changed. For example, you had always had normal stools and suddenly became constipated, or stools became thinner, or had blood in the stool, or, it turned out to be Frequent constipation, sudden diarrhea, diarrhea, such changes in bowel habits, we all must also pay attention to that intestinal disease, especially colorectal cancer, this is one. There are still some people. I used to have hemorrhoids, which I said are hemorrhoids. But in fact, hemorrhoids are a high-risk group of rectal cancer. If you find blood in the stool, it is different from before, then you need to check it.

    Control your mouth and move, most colorectal cancers can be prevented

    In addition to genetic immutability, most colorectal cancers can be prevented through changes in lifestyle and eating habits. Especially for gastrointestinal tumors, it is very closely related to eating.

    Studies have shown that 50% of colorectal cancers in the United States each year can be prevented by adjusting diet, weight control, and exercise. Recently, authoritative cancer nutrition experts in the United States have given out six methods to prevent colorectal cancer, which can help the public reduce the risk of colon cancer.

    1 Control belly fat. Regardless of weight, the correlation between abdominal fat and the risk of colorectal cancer also exists.

    2 Exercise regularly and moderately. You don’t have to go to the gym, you can clean the room, or go for a run. Anyway, you have to move.

    3 Eat more high-fiber foods. Every 10 grams of fiber added to the daily diet can reduce the risk of colon cancer by 10%.

    4 Eat less red meat and processed meat. For the same weight, processed meats such as hot dogs, bacon, sausages and cooked meat products will increase the risk of colon cancer even more.

    5 Do not drink or drink less.

    6 Eat more garlic. Evidence suggests that a diet rich in garlic can reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.

    In addition, experts recommend that you should eat less or not eat foods rich in saturated fat and cholesterol, including: big fish and meat, oil, animal organs, egg yolks, etc.; vegetable oils, including peanut oil, soybean oil, rapeseed oil, etc. are limited to each person About 20-30 grams per day, about 2 to 3 tablespoons. Do not eat or eat less fried, fried, and barbecued foods.

    Experts advise: scientific anti-cancer do not believe in rumors

    Some experts believe that non-standard treatment will accelerate the death of cancer patients. But the so-called "prevention and treatment of cancer" often circulated on the Internet, such as: eating garlic can cure cancer, etc. It sounds evil, but there are many people who believe in it. Experts advise not to listen to rumors and try so-called anti-cancer remedies to avoid harm to health.

    In response to the current popular anti-cancer rumors, experts divide these into three categories. One is to exaggerate the effect by changing the concept, such as eating certain foods or elements that can prevent cancer and cure cancer. One is that merchants deliberately exaggerate product efficacy to deceive consumers for dumping products. Another is to paranoid some kind of damage to the human body, which seems to be able to get cancer with one touch. This situation tends to cause social panic.

    Professor Liu Juntian, a member of the Breast Cancer Professional Committee of the Chinese Anti-Cancer Association: As a doctor, you generally would not recommend a certain food or a certain nutrient. The treatment of tumors will be treated through drugs or formal methods. Simply believing in folk remedies or certain ingredients will delay tumor treatment and miss the best time for treatment.

    Li Zhizhong, Ph.D. in Molecular Cancer Biology, Duke University: I think this situation or this reality is very ridiculous and terrifying-more and more people are paying attention to cancer knowledge, which was originally for China to control the occurrence of cancer and reduce deaths. The rate is very favorable, but because there are more online rumors than accurate information, so we get twice the result with half the effort.

    How to effectively prevent cancer? Experts recommend a balanced diet eat more fresh food

    How to prevent cancer effectively? Experts suggest that the diet should be balanced, the nutrition should be balanced, and more fresh foods should be eaten; in addition, the onset of tumors is a comprehensive factor, and it is necessary to maintain a healthy lifestyle, proper exercise, and a combination of work and rest. Experts reminded that it is impossible to cure tumors by a single method, and scientific prevention and treatment of cancer should not blindly follow rumors without scientific basis. If necessary, find a professional doctor for verification.

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