According to the Interim Standards for Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids issued by the Chinese Medical Association in September 2002, the treatment of hemorrhoids was re-regulated:
No treatment is needed for asymptomatic patients. The purpose of the treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids is to eliminate and relieve the main symptoms of hemorrhoids, not to cure them. Relieving the symptoms of hemorrhoids should be regarded as the standard of treatment effect. Doctors should take corresponding non-surgical or surgical treatments based on the patient's condition, personal experience and equipment conditions.
(1) General treatment: including drinking more water, eating more dietary fiber, maintaining smooth stool, preventing constipation and diarrhea, warm bathing, keeping the perineum clean and other treatments for various diseases are necessary.
(2) Non-surgical treatment: Non-surgical treatment is the main treatment for internal hemorrhoids of degree Ⅰ and Ⅱ, including topical medication (suppositories, ointments, especially suppositories and ointments to protect the anorectal mucosa, lotions, etc.), oral medications to improve local blood vessels Plexus vein tension, sclerosing agent injection therapy and various physical therapies, such as laser therapy, microwave therapy, far infrared coagulation therapy, copper ion electrochemical therapy, cryotherapy, band ligation therapy, etc.
(3) Surgical treatment: mainly suitable for internal hemorrhoids of degree III and IV. Mixed hemorrhoids and non-surgical treatments including external hemorrhoid thrombosis or hematoma have failed. Regardless of the surgical method, the anal cushion should be preserved as much as possible, and attention should be paid to avoid postoperative bleeding, anal stenosis, and anal insufficiency.