2020年10月23日星期五

are hemorrhoids dangerous,There are "hemorrhoids" not in high age

    As the saying goes, ten people have nine hemorrhoids. For the modern fast-paced life, working overtime and staying up late has become the norm. Sometimes friends get together and it is inevitable to drink a few more glasses. In this state of life, there is no hemorrhoid, and it seems that it is not normal. . Therefore, the age of onset of hemorrhoids is getting younger and younger, and many young people have a reaction to the fact that hemorrhoids are not old and people are small.

    How to avoid being a young man with "hemorrhoids"?

    For a long time, the majority of patients usually attribute numerous anal discomfort symptoms, such as itching, pain, lumps, swelling, bleeding and protrusion, etc., to "hemorrhoids"; for doctors, it is not so simple, because in addition to anorectal diseases There are many other problems besides hemorrhoids that can cause similar symptoms. There is still no unified view on the cause of hemorrhoids. The theory of internal hemorrhoid venous plexus is widely recognized: hemorrhoids are soft venous clusters formed by the expansion and flexion of the venous plexus under the mucous membrane of the human rectum and under the skin of the anal canal. Hematochezia is prone to occur when the stool is dry or when eating spicy food.

    What are the causes of hemorrhoids?

    1. Maintain a posture for a long time: if sitting for a long time, it will affect the return of blood and make the perianal venous plexus prone to siltation. 2. Poor eating habits: Overeating spicy food, drinking alcohol, etc. can directly irritate the rectal mucosa, leading to venous dilation and congestion, thereby inducing or aggravating hemorrhoids. 3. Poor defecation habits: If the defecation time is too long, it will affect the perianal venous return. 4. Constipation and pregnancy: both increase abdominal pressure and are one of the causes of hemorrhoids.

    Is it enough to apply some medicine for hemorrhoids?

    I am a little itchy and have blood in the stool. I am afraid of embarrassment and don't want to go to the hospital. The patient did not pay attention to it and allowed it to develop until the condition was very serious, before going to the hospital for medical treatment, but at this time he had already missed the best opportunity for treatment. Hemorrhoids' bloody stool and painful symptoms not only seriously affect the work and daily life of patients, but also cause many complications, such as anemia, infection, perianal eczema, anal fistula, anal fissure, and perianal abscess. Incarcerated necrosis of hemorrhoids can also cause severe pain and even life-threatening.

    Are internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, and mixed hemorrhoids confused?

    Hemorrhoids are also classified, generally divided into internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids. The difference is mainly reflected in the different symptoms. Internal hemorrhoids: mainly manifested as painless bleeding and prolapse. Bleeding is manifested in stool dripping blood or toilet paper, blood in stool, generally painless. Prolapse is manifested as a foreign body prolapsed from the anus during defecation, and it can be absorbed naturally in mild cases. In severe cases, it may prolapse outside the anus due to defecation, standing for a long time, coughing, or weight bearing, and needs to be repaid by hands. External hemorrhoids: mainly manifested as anal discomfort and pain. Mild patients may only have raised tissue in the anus without pain; severe patients usually have pain symptoms. Mixed hemorrhoids are usually mixed symptoms of internal and external hemorrhoids, mainly manifested by blood in the stool and pain.

    Think blood in the stool means hemorrhoids?

    of course not! Hematochezia is just a general symptom of hemorrhoids, and other bleeding diseases, such as rectal cancer, colon polyps, anal fissures, etc., especially rectal cancer, need to be excluded to prevent delays in treatment due to misdiagnosis. The identification of hemorrhoids and rectal cancer mainly relies on two examinations, digital rectal examination and rectal endoscopy. In clinical practice, rectal cancer is often misdiagnosed as hemorrhoids, or treatment is delayed because the patient does not pay attention to these two examinations. Many patients think that if I have blood in the stool, I must have hemorrhoids. Just ask a doctor to prescribe some medicine. There is no need for any examination. On the other hand, these two examinations are relatively private for patients. Therefore, many patients refuse digital rectal examination and colonoscopy during the examination, and when they come to the hospital for examination when they have symptoms, most of them are in the middle and late stages. Therefore, once symptoms such as blood in the stool and mucous stool appear, a rectal endoscopy should be performed as soon as possible.

    How to treat hemorrhoids scientifically?

    The treatment of hemorrhoids should be based on its type and severity. Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic hemorrhoids do not require treatment, and can be avoided by adjusting lifestyle habits; symptomatic hemorrhoids are reducing or eliminating symptoms, and medication is the main treatment; severe patients need surgery.

    What kind of lifestyle to avoid hemorrhoids?

    1. Develop good eating habits, eat more vegetables, fruits, and fiber-rich foods, avoid eating spicy foods, alcohol, etc.; eat more digestible foods that soften stools, and drink more water to prevent constipation. 2. Avoid prolonged sitting for a long time and take appropriate exercise every day; develop good bowel habits and avoid excessively long time in the toilet. It is best to control the time within 5 minutes. 3. Keep the anus clean, change underwear frequently to prevent anal infection or cause perianal eczema; often take a bath or sit in warm water (avoid if the affected area is purulent). What if I don’t have time to exercise? You can try the levator ani exercise. The levator ani movement is not affected by time, place and manner, and can be performed standing, sitting, or lying down. The levator anus exercise is to contract the anus. It can promote blood circulation in the anus and prevent perianal diseases such as hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids may seem like minor problems, but they can also cause major problems. Only insisting on regular treatment and adjusting lifestyle habits are the key to defeating the enemy.

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