Hemorrhoids are a common and frequently-occurring disease, and nearly 50% of the population will be troubled by hemorrhoids more or less. In all hemorrhoids, internal hemorrhoids account for 60%, external hemorrhoids account for 16%, and mixed hemorrhoids account for about 24%.
Defecation is bright red, bloody stools, prolapsed masses, and anal pain are common clinical manifestations of hemorrhoids. When these symptoms are severe enough to a certain degree, and the use of drugs cannot effectively relieve the symptoms, surgical treatment should be considered. When it comes to hemorrhoid surgery, many people are very afraid, mainly because of pain and worry that they cannot defecate normally after the operation.
Hemorrhoid surgery was indeed a very painful operation in the past. Due to the abundant sensory nerves in the anal area and very sensitive to pain, the patient suffers from postoperative pain. However, with the development of technology and continuous improvement of surgical techniques, the current hemorrhoid surgery has been greatly improved, and most of them can achieve the effect of day surgery. To put it simply, surgery is done in the morning and you can go home in the afternoon. Daily life is not affected, eating and defecation are all normal.
Why is there such a big change?
First of all, the degree of minimally invasive hemorrhoid surgery is getting higher and higher. Modern medicine believes that the essence of hemorrhoids is a vascular cushion, whose function is to keep the anus closed. The purpose of treatment of hemorrhoids is to reduce and eliminate the main symptoms, not to cure them. Therefore, the purpose of our surgery is also this, not to remove all asymptomatic hemorrhoids. At the same time, doctors' treatment methods are becoming more and more abundant. If the symptoms are mainly bleeding, you can use the method of rubber band ligation, or even do not need anesthesia, do as you go. Doppler-guided ligation of hemorrhoids can also be used. These methods can be basically or completely painless. If the symptoms of hemorrhoids are severe, with both prolapse and bleeding, doctors can also use the minimally invasive PPH surgery technique. All operations are restricted to the anus and above the dentate line. There is no painful nerve here, so the postoperative pain is very slight, and day surgery is completely possible. However, there may be bleeding after surgery, so doctors are required to have a high level of skill and need to have rich experience. If it is the most serious condition, such as hemorrhoids or mixed hemorrhoids in IV period, and the hemorrhoids cannot be repaid outside the anus, hemorrhoidectomy will be inevitable. With the help of modern surgical tools, such as the application of electrosurgery and ultrasonic scalpel, it can not only minimize the amount of surgical bleeding, but also avoid the suture and ligation of traditional surgery, which has very little stimulation to the anus and greatly reduces the patient's pain. Therefore, for these surgical patients, day surgery can still be performed without affecting daily life.