What are the precautions after hemorrhoid surgery? How to prevent recurrence of hemorrhoids after surgery? The recurrence rate of hemorrhoids after hemorrhoid surgery is very high, and some people still have recurrence even after multiple operations. Although there are many reasons, neglecting anal function exercise is often an important factor for recurrence after hemorrhoid surgery. There are mainly the following methods of anal exercise.
1. Anal exercises
The patient contracts the anus by itself for 5 seconds and then relaxes for 5 seconds. This is continued for 5 minutes, 3 to 5 times a day, which can promote local blood circulation, reduce local pain in the anus after surgery, and make defecation smooth.
2. Levator exercise
Consciously retract the anus upwards, 1 to 2 times a day, 30 seconds each time. It has the function of dissipating blood stasis, exercising anal sphincter and raising the middle qi. Generally persist for about 100 days to prevent the recurrence of hemorrhoids.
3. Anal contraction exercise
Before, during, and after defecation, take about 5 minutes to actively contract and relax the anal sphincter, which can improve local blood circulation and enhance the capacity of the anal sphincter.
4. Diet adjustment after hemorrhoid surgery
The diet should be light, and less greasy or fried foods. Eat more foods rich in soluble fiber, such as oats, whole grains and brown rice, vegetables and fruits. Fibrous food can strengthen intestinal activity, make stool soft, and will not accumulate and oppress veins.
It is best to have a regular and quantitative diet, eat 80% full, not overeating, and uneven hunger to prevent gastrointestinal dysfunction.
Do not drink alcohol. Alcohol can congest and dilate the hemorrhoid veins, and swell the hemorrhoids. Therefore, whether it is alcohol, liquor or beer, it should be contraindicated.
All spicy and irritating substances, such as chili, mustard, hot sauce, ginger, green onions, garlic, fennel, etc., have a great influence on the congestion and bleeding of hemorrhoids. Patients with hemorrhoids should eat less or try not to eat.
There are many health foods that are effective for the prevention and treatment of hemorrhoids after surgery, such as turtle, turtle, pig or sheep large intestine, escargot, loach, honey, red bean, black sesame, walnut meat, bamboo shoot, lotus root, black fungus, radish, fig, sophora japonica and Cistanche And so on, patients can be selected according to different seasons.