As the saying goes, ten people have nine hemorrhoids. This is a bit exaggerated, but it also reflects that hemorrhoids are a common and frequently-occurring disease. Many people think that hemorrhoids are a minor illness, and forbearance will pass. Some people also say that they have hemorrhoids, which is convenient and quick. Some people even describe the hemorrhoids may become cancerously, which makes the patients with hemorrhoids panic all day long. Let’s talk about some misunderstandings about hemorrhoids:
1. Is hemorrhoids a minor disease?
The occurrence of hemorrhoids is related to dietary factors and bad living habits. Some people like to drink alcohol and eat spicy and irritating food, but they feel comfortable on the top but suffer on the bottom. If you squat for a long time during defecation, read while defecation, or stand for a long time and consume blood, long-standing occupations such as teachers are also susceptible to hemorrhoids; sedentary backlogs in the anus can cause local blood circulation to be blocked and cause thrombotic external hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids may also be inherited. If parents suffer from hemorrhoids, the next generation may also suffer from the disease. Hemorrhoids are a minor disease in the early stage, and the symptoms are not obvious at this time, which can be cured or not. But if the bleeding does not stop, it must be treated. If you are negligent or embarrassed about the hemorrhoids and delay the condition, it may cause anemia or even hemorrhagic shock over time. Among the patients with hemorrhoids he saw, jet bleeding could reach hundreds of milliliters. The patients didn't feel it yet and fainted in the toilet after seeing the blood. Some patients have repeated bleeding for half a year, pale, general fatigue, and severe anemia. There are also cases of incarcerated hemorrhoids, infection and necrosis. Generally speaking, if you have no symptoms, you can just keep the local hygiene. If symptoms such as poorly wiped after defecation and anal damp and painful symptoms occur, treatment is required. The important thing is that patients often think that they are "hemorrhoids", which are minor illnesses and do not see a doctor for a long time, but rectal cancer is discovered when they come for treatment. Hemorrhoids generally do not turn into cancer, but rectal cancer may have the same symptoms as hemorrhoids, so it can cause misdiagnosis.
2. Can surgery be treated thoroughly?
Hemorrhoid surgery is generally adapted to hemorrhoids in the second and third stages, or circular mixed hemorrhoids, and connective tissue external hemorrhoids. Early use of conservative treatments for hemorrhoids is effective, such as bathing, suppository plugging, white medication, and physical therapy. The short-term effect is good, but it is easy to recur. Experts remind that some people can cure the disease by drinking cold boiled water. For example, drinking a cup of cold boiled water in the morning can relieve constipation and also relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoid blood or pain. However, conservative treatments should not be superstitious to avoid delaying the disease. Some people Hemorrhoids relapsed shortly after surgery, and he made a desperate argument: hemorrhoids cannot be cured. Liu Dianwen said that hemorrhoids can be cured, but he should be reminded that different hemorrhoids should be treated with different methods, and they cannot be the same. At the same time, you should pay attention to your eating habits. Don't eat greasy and irritating food, don't drink alcohol frequently, develop good bowel habits, and don't read a book while going to the toilet. The purpose of hemorrhoid treatment is to eliminate symptoms. If the patient has bleeding or pain, then treatment is needed. If there are not too many symptoms, but there is a small packet in the anus, this condition can be left untreated, and there is no need to make a fuss, and it will not cause a big impact on the body. Through surgery, the hemorrhoids in the affected area are removed, but it does not mean that you are done, because the neighboring areas may be targeted. For the treatment of hemorrhoids, in addition to early conservative treatment, in some cases, devices can also be treated, such as clamps, electrocautery, radiofrequency, injections, and staplers. Each of these therapies has its own strict indications and requires specialist judgement. If the above methods are not effective, surgery can be considered at last.
3. Too optimistic and pessimistic about hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids can't kill people anyway, they never take it seriously. This is a bit self-deceiving, and these people are optimists. Optimists often end up delaying their illness. They always treat all anal discomforts and anal diseases as hemorrhoids, and this view may mask other more serious conditions, such as bowel cancer. In fact, as far as the symptom of blood in the stool is concerned, several diseases may have this symptom. Changes in the bowel pattern, blood in the stool and mucus are often early symptoms of rectal cancer; the stool is mixed with fresh blood, mostly polyps; the anal area is painful and bloody, the blood is bright red, which may be anal fissure; the stool has mucus, and stool The blood is dark, there is a feeling of falling in the anus, mostly enteritis or bowel cancer.
There are also some people who are pessimists. Although they have been clearly diagnosed with hemorrhoids, they worry about the fact that hemorrhoids can become cancerous. Hemorrhoids generally do not become cancerous. According to reports, the cancer rate is very low, only a few thousandths. Diseases in the anus, such as fistulas, anal fissures, and rectal polyps, can become cancerous if they do not heal for a long time. In contrast, anal ulcerative colitis and multiple colorectal polyps have higher cancer rates.