2020年9月9日星期三

lidocaine for hemorrhoids,Postoperative care and nursing for hemorrhoids

    Hemorrhoids are not immune to other diseases. After hemorrhoid surgery, if the patient does not correct the bad habits, it is very likely to contract hemorrhoids again. How to prevent recurrence of hemorrhoids? What specific measures should be taken?

    First, exercise properly and pay attention to changing your body position. This is also an important method to prevent the recurrence of hemorrhoids. In addition to general physical exercises such as exercises and boxing, it is also necessary to strengthen local functional exercises, anal contraction exercises, and strive for proper work and rest, and appropriate movements.

    Second, develop good bowel habits and maintain smooth bowel movements. Constipation, hard and dry stools, the abdominal pressure increases rapidly, the venous plexus flexes and expands, often causing hemorrhoids to rupture, anal skin laceration, blood in the stool and pain. Patients with constipation should not use excessive force when going to the toilet, and should take medicine to clear the bowel in time. On the other hand, it is necessary to prevent diarrhea, stool multiple times a day, even if the stool is thin, it can damage hemorrhoids. At the same time, the defecation time should not be too long, and the bad habit of reading books and newspapers should be changed. It is best to clean the anus with warm salt water after defecation to improve local blood circulation. In addition, to prevent hemorrhoids, it is recommended to sit on a bucket to defecate, because the squatting posture can easily induce hemorrhoids and even prolapse.

    Third, pay attention to dietary regulation. The first thing that anorectologist warns patients after hemorrhoid surgery is not to drink alcohol. Whether it is rice wine, white wine, or beer, it is a taboo. All spicy foods, such as mustard, chili, hot sauce, ginger, green onions, garlic, fennel, etc., have a great influence on the congestion and bleeding of hemorrhoids. Patients with hemorrhoids should eat less or try not to eat. From the perspective of preventing hemorrhoids, eating more fruits and vegetables has many benefits. For example: spinach, celery, watermelon, watermelon, pear, banana, apple, etc. (orange should be eaten less, because it is a hot fruit). On the one hand, it can keep the bowel movement smooth, on the other hand, it can reduce the blood stasis and expansion of hemorrhoids. There are many health foods that are effective for preventing and curing hemorrhoids, such as turtle, turtle, pig or sheep large intestine, escargot, loach, honey, red bean, black sesame, walnut meat, bamboo shoot, cistanche, locust flower, lotus root, black fungus, radish, fig, etc. . Patients can be selected according to different seasons. After hemorrhoids, patients should eat lighter, less greasy, heavy or fried foods, and the best diet should be regular and quantitative; eating 80% full, not overeating, and uneven hunger to prevent gastrointestinal dysfunction.

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