In the past, it was thought that children did not suffer from hemorrhoids, but this view was wrong. The incidence of hemorrhoids in children is 5%, mainly varicose external hemorrhoids. One or more dark blue "blood bubble"-like masses are often seen at the anus edge during defecation, which will become smaller or disappear after defecation .
The real cause of this disease is not very clear. It may be because the child is young, in the stage of growth, imperfect anal vein development, weak venous wall, underdeveloped venous valve, long-term diarrhea or constipation, resulting in increased intra-abdominal pressure and blood The increase in flow pressure causes the veins to dilate, and the blood stasis forms hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids in children generally do not require special treatment, and prevention and treatment should be carried out from the following aspects: (1) Pay attention to local hygiene: the infant’s neuromuscular function is not yet complete, the control of bowel and bowel is poor, and the bowel movements are frequent. If the diaper is not changed in time, It is easy to cause eczema and erosion of the perianal skin, so you should change diapers frequently, wash the anus with warm water after going to the toilet, and change and wash children's underwear and bedding frequently. Children wearing open crotch pants should not grasp the anus with your hands or sit around. (2) Develop good eating habits: not picky eaters, not a partial eclipse, eat more fruits and vegetables, wash hands before meals, chew slowly, and prevent the mucous membrane from being discharged through anorectal after eating hard food. (3) Establish good defecation habits: train children to defecate regularly and do not sit and play on the potty for a long time. Treat colds, coughs, diarrhea and other diseases in time. Parents can wash the anus with warm water when the child has tenesmus due to diarrhea. If the child is constipated and the stool is too hard, he can take laxatives for treatment. For severe perianal vein dilatation , Perianal protrusions are still seen after going to the toilet, surgery can also be considered.