There is a saying: ten men with nine hemorrhoids, ten women with ten hemorrhoids, and ten people with nine hemorrhoids, which are used to explain the incidence of hemorrhoids and their high. In real life, although the incidence of hemorrhoids does not reach 90%, it is also daunting. According to a survey, 67% of women and 53.9% of men suffer from hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids are a disease that people of any age can get. People between 20-40 years old are more common and get worse with age. And its incidence is often related to the work people are engaged in. For example, the incidence of office workers, drivers, salespeople, teachers and other people is significantly higher. These people often sit and stand for a long time, which slows blood flow in the pelvis and congestion of abdominal organs, which eventually leads to the occurrence of hemorrhoids. In addition, bad living habits are also a major cause of hemorrhoids: such as preference for sitting on upholstered seats and sofas; often working overtime and staying up late; going to the toilet to read newspapers; love to eat spicy food; long-term constipation, etc. , It is also easy to get hemorrhoids.
According to the location of the disease, hemorrhoids can be divided into internal, external and mixed hemorrhoids. Their clinical symptoms are also different, as follows:
One. Types and symptoms of internal hemorrhoids
Stage I hemorrhoids: no pain, mainly for blood, more secretions, and itching.
Hemorrhoids in stage II: Hemorrhoids have blood in the stool, and hemorrhoids prolapse with defecation, but they can pay back by themselves.
Stage III hemorrhoids (also known as advanced internal hemorrhoids): Internal hemorrhoids prolapse outside the anus, or protrude out of the anus every time you defecate, and cannot be repaid by itself, and must be returned by hand.
Hemorrhoids in stage IV: Internal hemorrhoids protrude from the anus and cannot be returned to the anus. This is the most serious disease among internal hemorrhoids.
two. Types and symptoms of external hemorrhoids
Thrombotic external hemorrhoids: The main characteristics are sudden onset, severe pain, and obvious discomfort when falling down; occasionally systemic symptoms. Local examination showed a bump around the anus. The hard and slippery mass under the skin can be touched, with obvious tenderness,
Inflammatory external hemorrhoids: It is often caused by skin damage and infection at the anal margin, usually pain in the anus, aggravated pain during defecation, blood in the stool, and a small amount of secretions in the anus. Local examination of the raised mass near the anus is red, congested, tender, sometimes accompanied by discomfort and fever.
Varicose-type external hemorrhoids: the anus edge is raised into an oval shape, soft to the touch, not painful, dark purple lumps can be seen when the stool is strained, and the lumps can be reduced after defecation or rest. This is caused by subcutaneous varicose veins and is also the development of advanced internal hemorrhoids Resulting in. Generally, I only feel swelling and discomfort, aggravated during defecation, and painful symptoms when there is inflammation.
Connective tissue type external hemorrhoids or skin tag external hemorrhoids: the skin folds of the anal margin become enlarged, connective tissue proliferates, and many skin tags of the same size, unevenness and different shapes are formed.
three. Mixed hemorrhoids
A type of hemorrhoids complicated by both external hemorrhoids and internal hemorrhoids. Its symptoms are mainly: blood in the stool and or anal swelling pain, the toilet paper is stained with blood at the beginning, occasionally dripping and ejecting blood, and the mole nucleus prolapses after the stool in the late stage. In mild cases, it can be repaid by oneself, while in severe cases, it needs to be returned by hand. There is a foreign body sensation in the local area, and symptoms such as constipation or uncomfortable defecation.
Whether it is internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, or mixed hemorrhoids, it will seriously affect people's health and bring many inconveniences to life. If the blood in the stool takes a long time, it can lead to varying degrees of anemia, decreased immunity, and even hemorrhagic shock, which is life-threatening, necrosis of hemorrhoids, and severe infections can cause systemic infections through the blood system. The consequences are very serious.
For patients with more serious hemorrhoids, it can cause or induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, especially for elderly patients. Hemorrhoids will cause psychological pressure and they will not dare to go to the toilet, which will increase constipation in the long run. When it is difficult to defecate, the patient's forced air will speed up the heartbeat, cause cerebrovascular rupture, and cause cerebral hemorrhage or cerebral thrombosis; if internal hemorrhoids are incarcerated, the pain can also induce angina; thrombosis can cause pulmonary embolism .
We believe that as soon as patients develop symptoms such as hemorrhoid erosion, ulcers, pus, blood, and pain, they should be checked as soon as possible to confirm the type of hemorrhoids, instead of blindly abusing drugs, avoiding unnecessary treatment, or even delaying the condition.
To prevent hemorrhoids, we should regulate our diet and daily life, and do more levator anus exercises.
The prevention of hemorrhoids should start with diet and daily life. Life should be regular, defecate regularly every day, clean the anus frequently, and keep it dry. The diet should avoid spicy and irritating food, drink less white wine, do not stay up late, and keep the stool smooth. Drink moderate amounts of warm water on an empty stomach every morning, eat more vegetables and fruits that moisturize the intestines, and avoid abuse of laxatives. Sedentary people should stand up and exercise regularly.
In addition, levator anus exercise is a simple and effective way to prevent hemorrhoids. When doing levator anus exercises, you should relax your whole body. Clamp your buttocks and thighs forcefully. With inhalation, lift the anus up, close your breath for a while, then exhale, and relax your whole body.