Regardless of whether hemorrhoid patients undergo outpatient surgery or inpatient surgery, except for actively cooperating with treatment, postoperative self-care is also very important. Let me talk about my personal views on the issues that should be paid attention to after hemorrhoids surgery.
1. Keep stool soft, shaped and unobstructed. After hemorrhoid surgery, the first bowel movement is generally required 24 hours later, because premature bowel movement can easily cause contamination and bleeding of the surgical mouth. What is more, the stump of the ligated and resected tissue can not be repaid outside the anus, causing tissue necrosis or thrombus formation , Which can cause serious consequences, but you should not defecate too late, otherwise it will cause constipation, difficult defecation, and unbearable wound pain. In order to keep the stool soft, shaped and unobstructed, you should drink more water, a crude fiber diet, eat more fruits and vegetables, etc. during the period of defecation prohibition, and take Maren soft capsules or Nourishing Intestine Oral Liquid before the first bowel movement. However, do not use fruit guide film to avoid excessive bowel movements and loose stools and contaminate the wound. Before the first defecation, warm water or a Chinese medicine bath can be used to relax the anal sphincter and relieve anal pain during defecation. There is a little blood in the first defecation. Don't panic if feces rubbing against the wound. If dry stools are more serious, use Kaisailu enema before the first bowel movement.
2. Develop a good habit of waking up every morning to defecate, and take a bath and change dressing in time after the toilet. Washing and taking a bath after defecation is to clean the anus to reduce the degree of wound contamination, and has the effect of reducing inflammation and benefiting wound healing. You must smoke and wash the sitz bath after every defecation. You can use hot water or traditional Chinese medicine for the sitz bath. You can also use 1:5000 potassium permanganate liquid. When you use it, you should smoke and then wash and then sit. Mayinglong hemorrhoids suppository can be used for the anus when changing the dressing, Mayinglong hemorrhoids ointment can be used externally on the wound, and Taining suppository and Taining ointment can be used. At the same time, vaseline oil gauze or traditional Chinese medicine Shengji Sanyou gauze should be stuffed into the anus to protect the wound Facilitate drainage and promote wound healing.
3. Appropriate postoperative activities. During the period of the wound has not healed, activities should be reduced as much as possible to avoid the formation of edema due to friction at the surgical mouth and prolong the healing time of the wound. Try not to ride a bicycle for a long time 3-6 months after the wound is healed to prevent bleeding caused by excessive friction on the healed wound.
4. Correct bad eating habits, fasting or avoiding spicy and irritating foods, quit smoking and drinking, eat too much, high-fiber diet, drink plenty of water, eat more fruits and vegetables, avoid squatting for a long time in the toilet, and keep the stool soft, Shaped and unobstructed.