Bleeding, pain, prolapse, anal itching, and difficulty defecation are the main symptoms of hemorrhoids. Pregnant women are more likely to suffer from hemorrhoids than ordinary people, because pregnancy will cause increased abdominal pressure. As the uterus gradually expands, the pressure on the inferior vena cava is also increasing, hindering the blood return of the lower limbs, making the hemorrhoids often in a congested state, and the fetal position is more compressed from time to time obvious. The uterus will also directly affect the end of the rectum and hinder fecal excretion. Due to forced defecation and hemorrhoid congestion, the hemorrhoid pad tissue is damaged and moved down, and hemorrhoids are onset. Excessive force when pregnant women give birth, hemorrhoids will be more serious, causing prolapse, bleeding and severe pain. Increased hormone content during pregnancy, retention of water and sodium, slow intestinal motility, and vasodilation are also factors that induce hemorrhoids. On the other hand, pregnant women’s general activity is reduced, gastrointestinal motility slows down, and stool stays in the intestine for a longer time. , The moisture in the feces is reabsorbed, resulting in dry stools, making it more difficult to defecate. Dry feces rubbed the hemorrhoid mucosa and bleeds during excretion, and even caused the original hemorrhoids to prolapse outside the anus, causing edema and necrosis. Pregnant women suffering from hemorrhoids are often more afraid of defecation due to severe pain in the anus and inconvenient movement, forming a vicious circle.
Pregnant women should go to the hospital for regular checkups. In addition to obstetrics and gynecology, they should also go to colorectal surgery and receive health education. Although most pregnant women bleed after defecation because of hemorrhoids, sometimes it may be caused by rectal anus or malignant tumors. Pregnant women should maintain unobstructed bowel movements during pregnancy and avoid reading newspapers and magazines during defecation, because prolonged squatting on the toilet can cause local hyperemia. In terms of diet, eat more green vegetables and fruits to prevent constipation.
Rinse the anus with warm water for three to five minutes after going to the toilet and bathing every day to improve local blood circulation in the anus.