We all know that severe hemorrhoids, that is, hemorrhoids that are staged above the second stage (marked prolapse) and part of the second-stage hemorrhoids that are ineffective in conservative treatment (mainly bleeding) require surgical treatment. However, in addition to the fear of surgical pain, postoperative recurrence is often the most worrying issue for patients. In clinical practice, we will also encounter such a situation. Often some patients will relapse soon after surgery, that is, within 1 to 2 years, with stool bleeding, or even prolapse again. Why is this?
First of all, we still have to clarify the concept: Hemorrhoids are the normal anatomical structure of the human body, called anal cushions, which have the function of assisting defecation. Hemorrhoids are called hemorrhoids only when they have a pathological state and clinical symptoms appear. Therefore, the principle of treatment for hemorrhoids surgery is to eliminate symptoms, not to cure them. Of course, the therapeutic effect has a lot to do with the diagnosis and treatment level of the anorectal doctor, the patient's physical condition, and their daily care. Hemorrhoid surgery is like cutting grass. Different people may have different levels of cutting. The fertility of the land and intervention will also have a great influence on the growth of grass, which will directly affect the treatment effect of hemorrhoids. And bad eating habits (such as eating spicy food), bad bowel habits (such as long defecation time, etc.), and not paying attention to local hygiene, just like fertilizing cut grass, can easily lead to recurrence of hemorrhoids after surgery.
So, how can we minimize the recurrence of hemorrhoids after surgery? There is still learning in this. First of all, you have to choose a regular anorectal department for regular surgical treatment; secondly, personal conditioning is also very important. If you can do the following, then you can minimize recurrence:
1. Clean the anus with clean water (tap water is fine) after defecation daily to keep the anus clean and hygienic;
2. Prevent constipation, eat more fruits and vegetables, but also prevent diarrhea
3. Do not defecate excessively, squatting in the toilet soon, especially to avoid playing mobile phones and reading books when squatting in the toilet, and squatting in the toilet should not be regarded as a pleasure;
4. Give the anus a comfortable environment, keep the buttocks away from cold and heat, and avoid wearing airtight pants;
5. Try not to maintain a posture for a long time, avoid sitting for a long time;
6. Pay attention to diet, light diet, control the intake of tobacco, alcohol, betel nut and spicy food to reduce the stimulation to the anus;
7. If you feel unwell, consult a doctor in time and receive correct treatment from a doctor.