1. What is hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids is a popular term, also known as hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids. Modern medicine believes that the anal pad (anal vascular pad) is caused by pathological hypertrophy, displacement and blood stasis of the perianal subcutaneous vascular plexus. It is also known as hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids. The incidence is very high, and there is a saying among the people that "ten people have nine hemorrhoids". There are three common types of hemorrhoids: internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids.
2. How do I know that I have hemorrhoids?
Like other diseases, hemorrhoids have their special clinical manifestations. We can use this to determine whether we have hemorrhoids:
★Internal hemorrhoids: divided into four degrees
l Painless bleeding after defecation with first-degree internal hemorrhoids.
l Second-degree internal hemorrhoids come out spontaneously during defecation and repay after defecation.
l After the third degree internal hemorrhoids, you need to repay the prolapsed material by hand.
l Prolapse of internal hemorrhoids of degree IV cannot be repaid.
★External hemorrhoids: divided into four types
l Thrombotic external hemorrhoids: sudden onset, severe pain, discomfort when falling, hard and slippery blood clots can be felt under the skin of the anus
l Varicose external hemorrhoids: an oval or long dark purple lumps raised on the anus edge, soft to the touch and painless.
l Inflammatory external hemorrhoids: It is caused by inflammatory edema, pain, swelling, redness, and fever in the anal folds.
l External connective tissue hemorrhoids: It is a skin tag formed by the enlargement of the skin folds of the anal margin and the proliferation of connective tissue.
★ Mixed hemorrhoids: both internal and external hemorrhoids.
3. What to do if getting hemorrhoids?
l If the above symptoms occur, please consult a specialist immediately.
l When there are no obvious symptoms for first-degree internal and external hemorrhoids, conservative treatment is recommended.
l When thrombosis, pain and bleeding occur in internal hemorrhoids of degree II, degree III and IV, as well as external hemorrhoids, surgical treatment is recommended.
4. Why do I suffer from hemorrhoids?
l Bad habits: People who have long-term bad habits such as standing, sitting, squatting, etc. are prone to hemorrhoids.
l Bad eating habits: People who have long-term bad eating habits such as spicy and greasy food are prone to hemorrhoids.
l Other factors: Obesity, hypertension, constipation and other patients are also prone to hemorrhoids.
5. Don't be afraid of hemorrhoids, there are ways for experts to prevent:
l Change the diet: eat more vegetables, such as spinach, melons, radishes, etc.; mature fruits, such as apples, bananas, and pears; appropriate protein such as milk, poultry eggs, and appropriate fats; adequate drinking water, daily water Up to 2000-3000 ml.
l Adjust your daily life and develop the habit of having a bowel movement every morning.
l Pay attention to defecation hygiene, clean the anus after defecation, it is best to rinse the anus with tap water after defecation.
l In addition to walking, running, gymnastics and other exercises, levator ani exercises can be performed.
l Insist on warm water sitz bath, add a small amount of salt to 30～40℃ warm water, 15～20 minutes each time, once in the morning and evening.