[Source] What is hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are clusters of veins formed by the varicose plexus of the lower rectum, anal canal, and anal margin. In other words, hemorrhoids are pathological changes formed by the expansion and tortuousness of the normal blood vessel tissue of the human body, and the hemorrhoids themselves are the normal blood vessel masses of the human body. For example, if a plastic water pipe is compressed in front, the local pressure will increase. If the resistance cannot be removed in time, the water pressure will inevitably cause the water pipe wall to bulge outward. The formation of hemorrhoids is roughly the same.
[Classification] What are the classifications of hemorrhoids?
According to the location of hemorrhoids, it is divided into internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids (both internal and external hemorrhoids)
[Reason] Why do people get hemorrhoids?
①Anatomical factors: People walk upright and the anus is located at the lowest part of the body. Therefore, the perianal blood vessels are far from the heart, and the blood return takes a long distance. In addition, gravity factors make the blood flow in the anus easy to stagnate and form hemorrhoids. This is why hemorrhoids do not occur in animals.
②Defecation: People with long-term constipation may develop hemorrhoids due to dry stools and forceful defecation. At the same time, people who have a long bowel movement (normal bowel movements should be within 10 minutes) are 10 times more likely to suffer from hemorrhoids than those who have normal bowel movements.
③Diet: Long-term drinking, addiction to spicy food and reduced intake of crude fiber food will all lead to hemorrhoids.
④Occupational factors: people who sit for a long time, stand for a long time and squat for a long time are prone to hemorrhoids.
⑤ Other factors: such as genetic factors, pregnancy factors, etc. will also affect the occurrence of hemorrhoids.
[Performance] What are the manifestations of hemorrhoids?
① Blood in stool: It is the most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids. Generally, it is bleeding in the anus after defecation, bright red, not mixed with stool, and then dripping blood. Sometimes it can be seen that the blood is jet-like, and the bleeding stops on its own after defecation.
②Prolapse of internal hemorrhoids: early defecation and prolapse, self-absorption after defecation. It can come out even when exerting force or coughing, and cannot take it back on its own. It must be taken back by hand.
③Pain: Internal hemorrhoids are generally painless. Internal hemorrhoids incarcerated infection or inflammatory external hemorrhoids can cause pain.
[Consequences] What are the consequences if hemorrhoids are not treated?
① The most common symptom of hemorrhoids is bleeding, that is, the hemorrhoids (that is, the blood vessel masses mentioned above) are rubbed by stool or increased in defecation pressure, causing local venous masses to rupture and bleeding. Long-term repeated bleeding leads to anemia, decreased immunity and other discomforts.
② Hemorrhoids are composed of vascular clusters. Long-term development leads to gradual enlargement of the vascular clusters. Later, they may protrude outside the anus. In severe cases, the anal sphincter spasm causes the hemorrhoids to be incarcerated outside the anus to form incarcerated hemorrhoids. Incarcerated hemorrhoids can easily cause infection and severe pain, requiring surgical treatment.
③If external hemorrhoids are stimulated by chronic inflammation for a long time, they can form ring-shaped hemorrhoids, which will affect stool discharge and anal appearance.
④ If the internal hemorrhoids prolapse repeatedly for a long time, it will easily lead to loose anus and leakage of stool fluid. In the later period, due to fluid loss, the anus is moist and perianal eczema occurs, which leads to local itching.
[Prevention] What should be paid attention to in daily life to prevent hemorrhoids?
① Diet: It is advisable to have a light diet, eat more dietary fiber, such as dietary fiber drinks, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc., drink less alcohol and eat less spicy food. Ensure adequate drinking water, and ensure drinking water of more than 1000ml per day.
② Defecation: Keep the stool smooth and prevent constipation. Develop a good habit of regular bowel movements. The time for each bowel movement is controlled within 5 minutes, and the habit of reading books, newspapers, and mobile phones is eliminated.
③ Posture: Avoid sedentary sitting, standing for a long time, squatting for a long time, and long-term weight-bearing travel. Such as office staff, drivers, teachers, salespersons, etc., should change their positions appropriately during work, and properly perform physical training in normal times.
④ Sit bath: After washing the anus part after defecation, sit in warm water for 5 minutes to promote local blood circulation.
⑤ Training: sitting, standing, and standing positions can be used for levator training (like holding a bowel movement, lift the anus up, then relax, then lift it up again, lift and send, repeat), each time 30 times , 2-3 times a day.
⑥ Others: such as regular life, work and rest. Keep a good mood and so on.
[Literacy] Can hemorrhoids be contagious? Will it turn into cancer?
① Hemorrhoids do not involve pathogen infection, so they are not contagious.
② Hemorrhoids are composed of blood vessels in the human body, and they do not become cancerous.