Many mothers suffered from hemorrhoids when they were pregnant with Dabao. At that time, out of caution, most pregnant women would choose conservative treatment under the advice of doctors. Now that I am going to be pregnant with a second child, should I treat hemorrhoids? Should I continue to choose conservative treatment or surgical treatment?
Hemorrhoids are a common symptom for pregnant women or women who have undergone puerperium. Drug treatment is the first choice. The use of suitable dosage forms and dosages can relieve symptoms. Because the hormone levels gradually become normal after delivery, hemorrhoids also tend to relieve symptoms. Therefore, if hemorrhoids do not affect your normal life, you don't need to worry too much, as long as you pay attention to ensuring smooth and soft stools. This is why anorectal doctors generally recommend conservative treatment for pregnant women.
At this time, suppositories or creams such as compound carrageenate can form a membrane-like structure on the mucosal surface and cover it for a long time to relieve itching and reduce mucosal congestion. However, pregnant women should choose carefully, not to use hemorrhoid ointment such as Mayinglong, which is composed of musk, bezoar, pearl and other medicines. Among them, musk has obvious excitatory effect on the uterus, and pregnant women are prone to miscarriage or premature delivery after use. Therefore, when pregnant women choose hemorrhoid cream, it is best to use the medicine rationally under the advice of anorectal doctor.
At the same time, pregnant women can also try warm water sitz bath, which can reduce swelling and discomfort. If the drug treatment is ineffective, with the help of a specialist, choose sclerotherapy, apron ligation and resection or surgery according to the severity of the symptoms.
Women of childbearing age who are preparing for pregnancy can prevent hemorrhoids from the following aspects:
1. Eat more foods with high fiber content, such as celery, cabbage, cucumber, watermelon, kiwi, bananas and other fruits and vegetables, corn, sweet potato, millet and other coarse grains. The intake of grains and leafy vegetables is high, and the incidence of anorectal diseases in women who frequently change diet is low.
Sophora japonica, honey, walnut meat, yogurt, black fungus, sesame oil, etc. have a preventive effect on hemorrhoids. They can prevent constipation by moisturizing the intestines and increasing peristalsis.
2. Avoid drinking alcohol, or eat a lot of spicy, greasy, fried, grilled and hot foods, such as lamb, dog meat, peppers, raw onions, raw garlic, etc.
Third, can't bear to defecate, avoid forceful defecation, avoid sitting for a long time and standing for a long time. It is recommended that you do not spend more than 5-10 minutes in the toilet, and do not read publications or play with your mobile phone during defecation. Wash the anus with warm water after going to the toilet, take a bath in warm water or warm salt water for 10-15 minutes, the best water temperature is about 40℃, while keeping clean, improve the local blood circulation in the anus.
4. Do levator anus exercises frequently to enhance the function of pelvic floor muscles.
Method: relax the whole body, consciously contract the anus, slowly lift up, and then relax, repeat 30-40 times, do two groups every morning and evening. Levator exercises can be done at any time. They can be done at work, when traveling in a car, watching TV, or before going to bed.
It is recommended that mothers who have had hemorrhoids in the first child can take reasonable medication or perform timely operations under the guidance of a specialist before preparing for pregnancy, so as to avoid the pain of chrysanthemum in the second child. Mothers who have never had hemorrhoids and are preparing for a second child should now take preventive measures to make their journey to a second child easier. Of course, if you can't avoid it, please don't use medication or treatment at will, and consult an anorectal doctor for professional advice.