Hemorrhoids are a common and frequently-occurring disease. As the saying goes, “ten men and nine hemorrhoids”, the name of hemorrhoids may not be unfamiliar to everyone, but what is hemorrhoids and how to know that you have hemorrhoids is unclear. Hemorrhoids usually referred to as a disease actually includes many medical anorectal diseases, such as internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, mixed hemorrhoids, anal fissure, anal papillary hypertrophy, anal condyloma acuminata, anal fistula, anorectal cancer, etc. The clinical hemorrhoids are only Including internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, mixed hemorrhoids, of which the main hemorrhoids are internal hemorrhoids. The so-called internal hemorrhoids are venous tumors in which the venous plexus in the lower rectum and the wall of the anal canal expands, curves, and bulges. External hemorrhoids are masses or skin tags on the anal margin, sometimes accompanied by pain. Internal and external hemorrhoids occur at the same time and are generally called mixed hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are generally not cancerous.
If you bleed when you have a bowel movement, feel that a swelling protrudes out of the anus, or if there is pain outside the anus, skin tags on the anal margin, dampness in the anal mouth, and increased discharge, you may have hemorrhoids. In the early stage of internal hemorrhoids, only simple blood in the stool, blood in the stool, dripping, or ejection during the stool, no other discomfort except blood in the stool, it can cause anemia over time; in the middle of the development of internal hemorrhoids, there will be a mass from the anus during stool Internal prolapse, it can recover on its own after going to the toilet. Occasionally, the anus will swell and discomfort. In the advanced stage, the swelling after going to the toilet cannot be repaid. Rest for a while or rest with your hands. Even if you cough, strain or work Prolapse outside the anus, due to repeated prolapse of the mass, causing inflammation, increased inflammatory secretions, overflowing outside the anus, causing the anus mouth to be moist, itching and discomfort, if the mass does not recover for a long time, local edema, congestion, and incarceration in the anus will occur In addition, severe pain and restlessness are caused. This is what is usually called "incarcerated hemorrhoids". If the incarceration is too long, local necrosis may occur, which will bring certain difficulties to treatment. Clinically, internal hemorrhoids are generally divided into three stages, the first stage is the early stage of internal hemorrhoids, with bleeding as the prominent symptom, and the second and third stages are the middle and late stages of internal hemorrhoids. Because the surface of the internal hemorrhoids has fibrosis, prolapse is the primary symptom. External hemorrhoids are mainly raised masses around the anus, which are generally divided into four types in clinical practice. Sudden anal mass due to constipation or straining during defecation, accompanied by severe pain, usually thrombotic external hemorrhoids; swelling, pain, and increased secretions on the outer anus, called inflammatory external hemorrhoids; soft mass on the anus, usually not large , Increase in stool, may be varicose external hemorrhoids; skin folds on the anus edge deepen, forming skin tags of different sizes, called connective tissue external hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids are mainly characterized by a swelling on the anal margin, sometimes accompanied by itching, pain or foreign body sensation in the anal mouth.
There are many clinical symptoms that cause stool bleeding, such as colorectal cancer, colitis, dysentery, and anal canal diseases. Don't think that stool bleeding is hemorrhoids, and buy medicine for your own use instead of going to the hospital for examination and treatment. Some people are very nervous at the sight of blood in the stool, suspecting that they have cancer, and worrying all day long. Others, on the contrary, think it is a minor illness such as hemorrhoids and do not pay attention to examination and treatment. The correct attitude should be to seek medical treatment in time, to figure out the cause of bleeding, early detection and early treatment.