2021年1月3日星期日

hemorrhoids essential oils,Dr. Fu's micro-science popularization (2): Will blood in the stool be colorectal cancer?

    With the accelerated pace of modern life and changes in diet, work and rest habits, many office workers will encounter a frequent symptom that causes great trouble, that is, blood in the stool. When encountering blood in the stool, people often have two possible reactions. Either they think it is a small problem and ignore the symptoms, or they suspect that it is rectal cancer and worry about it all day long. Does the presence of blood in the stool mean that they have rectal cancer? How should we treat and respond? Today, our micro-science popularization will discuss this issue worthy of attention.

    Identify the cause and location of bleeding from color

    From the color point of view, blood in the stool is mainly bright red, dark red, or tar-like, ie black stool, which can be called blood in the stool. Its color mainly depends on whether the location of the bleeding is in the upper gastrointestinal tract or the lower gastrointestinal tract, the amount of bleeding and the time the blood stays in the gastrointestinal tract. Black stool, or tarry, is the most important manifestation of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding blood stays in the digestive tract for a long time. The iron in hemoglobin combines with sulfide to form iron sulfide under the action of intestinal bacteria. So that the stool appears black. The main causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding are peptic ulcer and erosive gastritis.

    When the amount of bleeding is large and fast, the black stool may also turn into red bloody stool, and it may be accompanied by hematemesis, which requires vigilance. Bloody stools are mainly blood quickly discharged through the anus in a short period of time. Most of the lesions are located at the end of the rectum or anal opening, including hemorrhoids, anal fissures, rectal prolapse, etc., which can often be touched or accompanied by obvious pain. It is easier to identify.

    Dark red bloody stools or mucous pus and bloody stools refer to the mixed discharge of blood or mucus with feces. It is common in colorectal tumors and ulcerative colitis. Jam-like stools can also occur when intussusception occurs in infants, and dysentery, amoebic infection, etc. The disease is often accompanied by pus and blood in the stool.

    List of symptoms of blood in the stool of common diseases

    Stomach ulcer, erosive gastritis: tarry black stool, rhythmic pain in the upper abdomen, which has a clear relationship with eating, heavy drinking, and mental stress.

    Hemorrhoids: Mainly bright red bloody stools, accompanied by infections, pus is attached to the surface of the stool, and does not mix with it. Internal hemorrhoids have no obvious pain, and external hemorrhoids may be accompanied by obvious pain. Mainly bleeding after stool.

    Anal fissure: Bleeding attached to the surface of the stool or stained with blood on toilet paper is bright red, accompanied by severe pain during defecation. Mainly bleeding during defecation.

    Inflammatory bowel disease: mucus and blood in the stool, which are relatively turbid, mixed in the stool, and may be accompanied by symptoms such as abdominal pain and fever.

    Intestinal polyps: Painless bloody stools, which can be bright red or dark red, and may be accompanied by changes in bowel habits.

    Colorectal cancer: mucus pus and blood in the stool, bleeding mixed in the stool, accompanied by weight loss, abdominal pain, etc. The stool occult blood test was positive.

    Will blood in the stool be colorectal cancer? How to check to confirm the diagnosis?

    Not all blood in the stool means intestinal tumors, and not all intestinal tumors have blood in the stool. Especially early colorectal cancer or right colon cancer is often not the main manifestation of blood. Early rectal cancer may only consist of changes in bowel habits, or a small amount of painless bright red blood in the stool, and patients often think it is hemorrhoids and neglect to go to the doctor. When the tumor continues to progress and develops into middle and advanced rectal cancer, typical mucus, pus, blood, stool, abdominal pain, weight loss, fever, and thinning of the stool shape will appear. If the tumor blocks the intestine and forms an obstruction, it will be more severe Abdominal pain, bloating, and stop defecation.

    When a tumor is suspected, you should go to the hospital in time. The easiest way to check is digital rectal examination, which is the simplest screening method and can find more than 70% of rectal tumors. In addition, blood can be drawn for tumor markers, including CEA, CA199, etc. When the increase is 2-3 times the normal value, it is highly suspected of colorectal cancer. The best way to confirm the diagnosis is colonoscopy. Although it is painful, you can observe all the conditions in the colon and rectum under the naked eye. If abnormalities are found, pathological diagnosis can be performed. This is the "gold standard" for tumor diagnosis. .

    What kind of people need to be alert to the risk of colorectal cancer?

    Friends with a clear family history of colorectal cancer, especially those whose immediate family members suffer from colorectal cancer, will have a greatly increased risk of cancer and must be highly vigilant. The general population can start to consider routine colonoscopy when they are over 40 years old. For those who have a clear family history and have colon cancer patients in their first-degree relatives, it is recommended to advance the examination time and start receiving colonoscopy after the age of 30. an examination. It is worth noting that long-term high-fat, low-fiber diets, red meat intake, alcoholism and smoking are also the main pathogenic factors of colorectal cancer, while high-fiber and low-fat diets can significantly reduce the risk of colon cancer. In addition, some diseases such as intestinal polyps, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, etc. will also increase the risk of cancer, especially adenomatous polyps with a diameter greater than 2cm, which should be removed in time.

    In short, blood in the stool is a very common symptom and does not require excessive stress. Of course, if there is long-term blood in the stool, you should seek medical treatment in time even if it is not a tumor. People with a family history of tumors should be highly alert to the risk of colorectal cancer and require regular inspections and timely treatment.

hemorrhoids treatment cream,Ginger's health care

    Ginger is warm in nature, and its unique "gingerol" can stimulate the gastrointestinal mucosa, congest the gastrointestinal tract and enhance digestion. It can effectively treat abdominal distension, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting caused by eating too much cold food. After eating ginger, the body feels warm. This is because it can dilate blood vessels, accelerate blood circulation, and promote the opening of pores on the body. This will not only remove excess tropical heat, but also remove pathogens and coldness in the body. Bring it out together. When the body eats cold things, is exposed to rain or stays in an air-conditioned room for a long time, eating ginger can promptly eliminate various discomforts caused by the body's cold weight. Since 2010, there have been news of increasing prices of agricultural products. First, after the prices of garlic and mung beans have continued to rise, the price of ginger has also risen recently. The price of ginger has increased significantly in more than 90% of provinces, regions and cities.

    Nature and flavor: pungent, lukewarm, return to lung, spleen and stomach

    Efficacy: sweating to relieve the surface, warming to stop vomiting, warming the lungs and relieving cough, detoxification of fish and crabs, detoxification.

    Ingredients: Contains spicy and aromatic ingredients. The spicy ingredient is the "gingerone" in an aromatic volatile oil. Among them are mainly ginger oil terpene, water fennel, camphor terpene, gingerol, eucalyptus oil, starch, mucilage and so on.

    Function It is an aromatic spicy stomach medicine with warmth, excitement, sweating, anti-vomiting, detoxification, etc., especially for fish and crab poisoning, pinellia, araceae and other drugs poisoning. It is suitable for exogenous wind-cold, headache, phlegm, cough, stomach cold and vomiting; after being attacked by ice, snow, wetness, and cold, drink ginger soup urgently to increase blood circulation and expel cold.

    Medicinal and edible

    Chinese medicine ginger

    [Preparation method] Ginger: Remove impurities, wash, and cut into thick slices when used.

    [Properties] This product is irregular block, slightly flat, with finger-like branches, 4~18cm long and 1~3cm thick. The surface is yellowish-brown or gray-brown, with links, with stem marks or buds on the top of the branches. It is brittle and easy to break. The section is light yellow, the inner cortex has obvious ring patterns, and the vascular bundles are scattered. Special smell, spicy taste.

    [Storage] Store in a cool and humid place, or buried in wet sand, to prevent freezing.

    【Remarks】

    (1) Ginger is used to relieve the surface, mainly to disperse wind and cold, and it is often used to treat mild colds. It can be decocted and taken with brown sugar and hot. It can often be relieved by sweat. It can also be used as a cold preventive medicine. Ginger has a weaker sweating effect. It is often used in conjunction with ephedra and cassia twig as an auxiliary medicine to relieve sweating and can enhance sweating power. Ginger is an important medicine to relieve vomiting and can be used alone to treat stomach cold and vomiting. It can also cure stomach fever and vomiting. It can be used in conjunction with Pinellia, Zhuru, and Coptis. Ginger can detoxify fish and crabs. It can be used alone or with perilla. In addition, ginger can relieve the poison of Pinellia ternata and southern star. It can be used for swelling and numbness of the throat and tongue caused by the poison of Pinellia ternata and southern star. Therefore, when processing Pinellia and Southern Star, ginger is often used in the same preparation to reduce their toxicity.

    (2) Ginger juice: Wash the ginger and smash it, wring out the juice for medicine. Nature and flavor are pungent and warm. It has the effect of resolving phlegm and relieving vomiting. It is mainly used for nausea, vomiting and coughing and excessive sputum. The general dosage is three to ten drops, and it is taken.

    (3) Ginger skin: the outer skin of ginger. The taste is pungent and cool. It has the effect of diuresis and swelling. It is suitable for dysuria and edema. It can be used with wax gourd peel and mulberry peel. The general dosage is five cents to five cents per cent, decoction.

    (4) Simmering ginger: Wash the original fresh ginger, wrap it with straw paper, soak it in clean water, and simmer directly in the fire until the straw paper is blackened and the ginger is ripe; or directly set it on the fire. The nature and flavor are pungent and warm, and it has the function of stopping vomiting. It is suitable for spleen and stomach discord, nausea and vomiting. The general dosage is two or three tablets for decoction.

    (5) Ginger and ginger slices are used in cooking to remove fishy taints and increase the umami taste of food.

    It should be avoided for those with yin deficiency and internal heat and for heat-excessive symptoms.

    Therapeutic value

    The rhizome of ginger, a herbaceous plant in the ginger family. The tender ones are called purple ginger and Zijiang, and the old ones are called old ginger and old ginger. Generally speaking, ginger refers to the latter. Cultivated in most parts of China. Harvested in autumn and winter, remove the fibrous roots and wash them for fresh use.

    [Performance] It is spicy and warm in nature. It can appetite and relieve vomiting, resolve phlegm and relieve cough, and relieve sweating.

    [Reference] Contains volatile oils, mainly gingerol, gingerene, phellandrene, citral, linalool, etc.; it also contains the spicy ingredient gingerol, which is decomposed into gingerone and gingerenone. In addition, it contains aspartic acid, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, serine, glycine, threonine, alanine, etc.

    Chewing ginger can cause blood pressure to rise. Gingerol has a stimulating effect on the oral cavity and gastric mucosa, can promote the secretion of digestive juice and increase appetite. Can increase intestinal tone, rhythm and peristalsis. It has a peripheral antiemetic effect, and the active ingredient is a mixture of gingerone and gingerenone. It has an excitatory effect on the breathing and vascular movement centers, and can promote blood circulation. In vitro experiment, it has obvious inhibitory effect on typhoid bacillus and Vibrio cholerae.

    [Uses] Used for spleen and stomach deficiency and cold, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, or vomiting due to phlegm drinking, vomiting of stomach gas; cold or cold phlegm cough; cold, cold, nausea, fever, nasal congestion and headache.

    [Usage] Decoction, twisted juice, or used as a seasoning; Zijiang is mostly used as a vegetable.

    [Attention] People who suffer from hemorrhoids or who suffer from hemorrhoids are not allowed to use it. Long-term service accumulates heat and damages the yin and eyes. Patients with hypertension should not eat more.

    [Attached party]

    1. Cold ginger: 30~60g ginger, cut into thin strips, add vinegar and salt to mix with food; you can also add appropriate amount of sugar and sesame oil.

    This product has a good appetizing and neutralizing effect when mixed with vinegar, salt, etc.; it tastes slightly spicy and sour, but not very warm. It is used for vomiting and eating less when the stomach is not harmonious and cold. In "The Mirror of Food and Medicine", fine ginger is used, decocted with vinegar, and chewed with dregs. It is used for "vomiting, not bad for a hundred medicines".

    2. Ginger Pinellia Soup: Pinellia 12g, decoct the juice, add appropriate amount of ginger juice, and boil together. Take 4 divided doses.

    Originated from "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber". Both pinellia and ginger juice are good at relieving vomiting, and are beneficial when used together; they also have appetizing and Chinese power. Used for upset stomach, vomiting and restlessness.

    3. Ginger caramel soup: 30~60g ginger, 30g caramel. Add water and fry to make a thick soup, drink it slowly while it is warm.

    Originated from "Materia Medica Huiyan". This recipe uses ginger to warm the lungs, relieve phlegm, relieve cough, and moisturize the lungs with caramel. Used for cough and expectoration due to coldness.

    4. Perilla ginger soup: Perilla leaves 30g, ginger 9g. Decoction drink.

    Originated from "Materia Medica Huiyan". This recipe takes perilla leaves for sweating, relieves the surface and dispels cold, and uses ginger to enhance its effect. It is not only easy to take, but also beneficial to stomach qi and helps sweating.

    Pharmacological action

    1. Effect on the digestive system: For dogs equipped with isolated small stomach and esophageal fistula, 50% decoction can be placed in the oral cavity, which can have a biphasic effect on the secretion of gastric acid and gastric juice. It is inhibited in the first few hours. It was followed by a longer period of excitement. Infusion of 200ml of 25% decoction into the stomach showed excitatory effect. Isolate the small stomach dog and try to take 0.1-1.0g ginger, the gastric juice secretion increases and stimulates the secretion of free hydrochloric acid, but the digestion effect of pepsin on protein is reduced, and the effect of lipase is enhanced. The extract can inhibit the vomiting of dogs caused by copper sulfate, and taking 10-50% 30ml of ginger juice is also effective, but 5% 30ml is not effective. The mixture of gingerone and gingerenone isolated from ginger also has antiemetic effect. The minimum effective dose is 3mg, which is not effective for dog vomiting caused by apomorphine and pigeon vomiting caused by digitalis. Gingerolone given to rabbits through the digestive tract can relax the intestines and decrease peristalsis. Ginger is a kind of anti-wind agent, it has a mild stimulating effect on the digestive tract, can increase intestinal tension, rhythm and peristalsis, sometimes followed by a decrease, and can be used for intestinal colic caused by flatulence or other reasons.

    2. Effect on circulation and respiration: chewing 1g of ginger (without swallowing) in a normal population can increase systolic blood pressure by 11.2mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure by 14mm Hg, but it has no significant effect on pulse rate. The alcohol extract has an excitatory effect on the vascular movement center and respiratory center of anesthetized cats, and also has a direct excitatory effect on the heart.

    3. Antibacterial and antiprotozoal effects: In vitro test water extracts have inhibitory effects on Trichophyton vulgaris and kill Trichomonas vaginalis.

    4. Other effects: subcutaneous injection of frog and intravenous injection of large amounts of gingerone in rabbits can cause central motor paralysis, and sometimes blood pressure can drop in rabbits.

    [Discussions on ginger in ancient herbal works]

    "Materia Medica Supplements": In addition to the power, juice detoxification, free bleeding, regulating the middle, removing cold, removing phlegm, appetizing. Peel when hot, leave the skin when cold.

    "Medicinal Properties": make. The main phlegm is full of qi and qi is lowered. Both health and dryness can cure cough, cure time illness, stop vomiting and stop eating. Health and Pinellia, the main heart is anxious, if it is too hot to eat, mix it with juice and honey. The juice and almonds are fried again, and everything becomes gas, and the solid chest embraces the cold and heat, and the magical effect.

    "Kaibao Materia Medica": spicy, lukewarm. Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing and breathing, and vomiting.

    "The Sketch Book": Cut ginger into fine pieces, make one or two bowls of tea, and sip it at will. It is a great cure for dysentery! Keep ginger skin for hot dysentery, peel off cold dysentery.

    "Materia Medica Yanyi": Control violent rebellion. Chew three or two soaps, swallow them, and take them repeatedly. First cold and heat, phlegm cough, burn a piece, the cough will heal itself during the day after biting. For those with red eyes and no sores, scrape off the ginger with a bronze coin to get the juice, click on the lips of the money, and tears will come out. But the children are very scared, so there is no doubt that they have tried well.

    "Medicinal Fu": pungent in taste, warm in nature, non-toxic. Sheng Ye, Yang Ye. There are four uses: the production of pinellia has the detoxification effect, and the jujube has thick intestines. Wenjing San expresses the wind of evil, replenishing qi to stop stomach turning.

    "Soup Liquid Materia Medica": temperature, spicy taste. It is pungent and sweet, lukewarm, light odor, yang, non-toxic.

    "Xiang" says: Typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing up the breath, relieving vomiting, treating phlegm cough. Health and dryness are at the same time. Divide it equally with Pinellia to treat acute pain in the heart and use it carefully.

    "Heart" says: It can control the poison of Pinellia and Magnolia, radiate wind and cold, benefit vitality, and use jujube together. Xin Wen, used with peony, warms the meridians and dispels cold, and is also the holy medicine of the vomiting family. Xin Yi Sanzhi, vomiting does not stop the gas. This medicine can act yang and disperse qi.

    "Zhen" says: To benefit the spleen and stomach, dispel wind and cold, take a long time to remove the odor, and improve the mind.

    Sun Zhenren said: It is the holy medicine of the vomit family.

    Or ask Dongyuan: How does ginger get into the lungs when it enters the lungs? Said: The vulgar always regards his heart as his appetite, no. Under the pharyngeal door, the tangible thing is attached to the stomach, which is the appetite. It is in the same place with the lung, so it enters the lungs and appetites. I asked again: People say that you should not eat ginger at night, because eating it will make you breathless, why not? Said: Ginger is pungent and warm, the main development, the night will converge the qi, and the development of the qi by anti-eating is against the way of nature, so it is not suitable for eating. This can be done in a fair manner. Not if you are sick. Ginger crumbs are not hotter than dried ginger, and less moisturizing than ginger. If dried ginger is used instead of dried ginger, it is not arrogant.

    "Materia Medica" says: Qin Jiao made it. Kill pinellia and scopoletoxin. Scutellaria baicalensis and Coptis chinensis.

    "Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement": Xin Wen, both light and Yang. It is the holy medicine for typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing, and vomiting. For those who use it to treat cough, sputum and saliva, this medicine can promote Yang and disperse qi. Dongyuan said: How does ginger get into the lungs because of its warmth? Said: The vulgar always regards his heart as his appetite, no. The tangible thing under the pharyngeal gate is called the tie, it is the appetite, and the lungs are in the same place, so it enters the lungs and appetites. I asked again: People say that you should not eat ginger at night, because eating it will make you breathless, why not? Said: Ginger Xinwen is the main development, the night will converge the qi, and the development of the qi by anti-eating is against the way of heaven, so it is not suitable. If you are sick, otherwise, if you break the blood, adjust the middle, remove the cold, remove phlegm, and appetite. Peel the skin when it is hot, leave the skin when it is cold.

    "Materia Medica Play": Cheng Liao She Yun: ginger, jujube, spicy, sweet. It can diverge, but it is not specially used for divergence. Regard the spleen as the stomach for its body fluid, ginger and jujube are used for the spleen's body fluid, and those who harmonize with Rongwei.

    Jie Guyun: Ginger, warm in nature, pungent and sweet in taste, strong in smell, floating and rising, yang also. There are four uses: one for making Magnolia officinalis and Pinellia toxin, two for dispersing wind evil, three for warming and removing dampness, and four for supplementing spleen and stomach medicine. Dong Yuan Yun: Ginger is the holy medicine of the vomiting family. Xin is used to disperse it, and vomiting does not disperse the qi, and this thing can disperse the qi through yang. Another cloud: Ginger reduces phlegm and lowers qi, benefits the spleen and stomach, and dispels wind and cold. Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, extremities and joints, opening the internal organs. Another cloud: ginger and jujube are used together to reconcile the spleen and stomach; Xinwen and peony are used together to warm the meridian and dispel cold.

    "Compendium of Materia Medica": divergent for raw use, and moderate for familiar use.

    If you travel early in the mountains, you should include a piece of it to avoid the mist and dampness and the miasma of the mountains. If you eat for a long time, you will suffer from heat accumulation. People with hemorrhoids and carbuncle should not eat more.

    Jiangpi eliminates edema, abdominal distension and fullness, to remove pansies.

    Return meridian: lung; stomach; spleen meridian

    Chinese medicine chemical composition

    Ginger contains volatile components: α-zingiberene (α-zingiberene), β-santalol (β-santalol), β-phellandrene (β-phellandrene), β-bisabolene (β-bisabolene) , Α-curcumene (α-curcumene), gingerol (zingiberol), perillaldehyde (perillaldehyde), neral (neral), geranial (geranial), 2-caraneol (2-caraneol), 3 -Carol, camphene (camphene), β-ocimene (β-ocimene), α-bergamotene (α-bergamotene), β-farnesene (β-farnesene), myrcene (myrcene), β-pinene (β-pinene), 2-borneol (2-borneol), citral (citral), 7-menthene [7-menthene], isofenchyl alcohol, α-farnesene , 1,3,3-trimethyltricyclo[2.2.1.02,6]-heptane [1,3,3-trimethyltricyclo[2.2.1.02,6]heptane], 2,6-dimethyl-6- (4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo[3.1.1]-2-heptane[2,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo[3.1.1] -2-heptene],1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane[1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane], 1 -(1,5-Dimethyl-4-hexenyl)-4-methylbenzene [1-(1,5-eimethyl-4-hexenyl)-4-methylbenzene] and galangalactone (galanolactone) Dozens of others; spicy ingredients:6-gingerol (6-gingerol), 3-gingerol, 4-gingerol, 5-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 10-gingerol, 12-gingerol, 6-gingerol 6-gingediol, 4-gingediol, 8-gingediol, 10-gingediol, 6-gingediol, 4-gingediol , 8-gingedediol, 10-gingedediol, 6-methylgingediol, 4-gingediacetate, 6-gingediacetate Alcohol diacetate, 6-methylgingediacetate (6-methylgingediacetate), 6-gingerdione (6-gingerdione), 10-gingerdione, 6-dehydrogingerdione (6 -dehydrogingerdiong), 10-dehydrogingerdiong, 6-acetylgingerol (6-acetylgingerol), 6-shogaol, etc.

    Ginger also contains furanogermenone, pipecolic acid, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine and other amino acids.

    Efficacy: dispelling cold and relieving the surface; warming the middle to stop vomiting; warming the lungs and relieving cough; relieving fish and crab poison

    research

    From 1. "Materia Medica Collection Notes".

    2. "The Sketch Book": ginger, raw Qian is the valley and Jingzhou and Yangzhou. It is everywhere today, but Han, Wen, and Chizhou are good. The seedlings are two to three feet high, the leaves are long like arrows bamboo, facing each other, the seedlings are green, the roots are yellow, and there are no flowers. The roots are harvested in autumn, washed in long flowing water, and sun-dried to make ginger.

    3. "Materia Medica Yanyi": Ginger is used to treat violent and rebellious qi, chew three or two soaps, swallow it, and take it repeatedly. If you have a cold and heat phlegm cough for the first time, burn a piece with bite, and the cough will heal itself all day long. For those with red eyes and no sores, scrape off the ginger with bronze coins, take the juice on the lips and touch the eyes, tears will come out, click today, and the day will heal. But the children are very scared, so there is no doubt that they have tried well.

    4. "Compendium of Materia Medica": ginger, whose tip is slightly purple when it is newly born and tender, is called purple ginger, or is zi ginger, and its perennial root is called mother ginger. Jiang Yiyuan wet sandy land, take the female ginger seeds in April, and produce seedlings in May, like the first-born tender reed, and the leaves are slightly broad like bamboo leaves, opposite, and the leaves are also spicy. Before and after the autumn society, the new buds grow suddenly, like a row of fingers, and eat no gluten. It is called the son of ginger, followed by the autumn equinox, and old after the frost. Sex is evil and damp and afraid of the sun, so there is no ginger in autumn heat.

    Family classification: Zingiberaceae

    Latin name

    Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens

    Indications

    Cold and cold; aversion to cold and fever; headache and nasal congestion; vomiting; phlegm and coughing; fullness; diarrhea

    Various discourses

    1. Cheng Wuji: ginger and jujube taste sweet, specialize in spleen body fluid and Yingwei, used in medicine, not only specializing in divergence.

    2. "Food and Materia Medica": Sun Zhenrenyun, ginger is the holy medicine for vomiting. Gaixin is used to disperse it, but vomiting is not dispelling the qi. This medicine also disperses the qi by promoting Yang. As the saying goes, go to bed with radish and go to bed with ginger, ginger can appetite, and radish can digest food.

    3. "Medicinal properties": ginger dehumidification, only warming the spleen and stomach, the temperature of the spleen and stomach and the health of the spleen and stomach, the moisture will be removed by itself. The phlegm-removing ones are spicy, and they have the power to open up and disperse.

    4. "Introduction to Medicine": ginger, must be used after childbirth, with its ability to break blood and eliminate blood stasis. Nowadays, people know it is a stomach medicine, but they don't know that it can help the heart and lungs. The qi of the heart is energized, and the qi of the whole body is right but the evil is not tolerant, so it is said to go to the evil and to communicate with the gods. Danxiyun, leaving the skin cold, but peeling it hot. The nature of non-skin is cold. Gailiu hides the skin and keeps it hot, while peeling it keeps the heat in the ear.

    5. "Compendium of Materia Medica": for raw use, divergent, cooked and neutralized, detoxify wild fowl poisoning into throat numbness; soak the juice for red eyes; mash the juice and yellow gelatin to paste rheumatism. Ginger, pungent but not meat, to eliminate evil, raw food, cooked food, vinegar, sauce, glutinous rice, salt, honey decoction to reconcile, all unfavorable, can be vegetable and rud, can be fruit and medicine, its benefits. It is advisable to include one piece for early trips and mountain trips, not to violate the mist, dew and dampness, and the unhealthy evil of mountains. According to Fang Guang’s "Heart Method Supplement", all strokes, heatstroke, gas, intoxication, nausea, dry cholera, and all kinds of violent diseases can be dissolved immediately by using ginger juice and children’s casual clothes. Gas, Tong will lower the fire.

    6. "Ben Cao Jing Shu": ginger is endowed with no difference in nature with dry ginger. It is better than dry ginger for eliminating phlegm, relieving vomiting, sweating, dispelling wind, dispelling cold, stopping diarrhea, soothing liver, and guiding stagnation. ginger.

    7. "Medicine Huayi": Ginger is pungent, medicinal is good for eliminating phlegm and relieving orifice, relieving cold and vomiting, removing filthy qi, and improving spirit. Help Congbaitou to disperse all the symptoms of wind, cold, dampness and heat from evil; combine black jujube, firewood, sweet, so-called Xingan diverges to yang, treat cold and heat exchanges and express deficiency and fever; add light heart to relieve lung qi, relieve cough; add spleen medicine, Appetizing and tonifying the spleen, stopping diarrhea

    8. "New Compilation of Materia Medica": Jiang Tong is a god, the ancient chronicles, but only use one or two tablets, if you want to be transparent, you must not count. Or use ginseng, or use Baizhu, or use Shichangpu, or use Dansha, each other, and then the gods can pass through, and evil spirits can be eliminated. Ginger Xing San can dispel wind evils and colds, so why use cassia sticks, mash with three ginger coins, add two coins of mint, boil water to take it, and the evil will dissolve immediately. Or ask if ginger is sweating, it is not suitable to take it regularly. Said, ginger can be taken at all times, but it is not advisable to take more to disperse the breath, it is very sweaty. However, if you take more, righteous qi will be injured, and if you take less, righteous qi will be harmless. As for occasional yin and cold, such as hand and foot Jue Ni, abdominal pain around the umbilical and unstoppable, you might as well use more ginger, smashed and fry, ironed outside of the confidant to remove the internal cold.

    9. "Materia Medica Renew": ginger juice, phlegm, treatment of choking nausea, rescue of violent death, treatment of body odor, cold ears. Simmer ginger, and stop vomiting. Simmer ginger, and stop vomiting, use ginger to fear its powder, and dry ginger to fear its dryness, but this is not dry. It is the most peaceful way to use it to stop vomiting and use it with jujube.

    10. "The Book of Materia Medica": Zhongjing Guizhi Decoction, etc. For those who use ginger and jujube together, take the pungent pungent and lung guard to get the sweetness of the jujube to nourish the heart, and combine the energy and adjust the health. Zhenwu Decoction and Poria Guizhi Decoction are used to benefit the lung qi by pungent energy, while the movement of qi will stop water and sweat, and the lung is the source of water. Those who use Daxiao Chaihu Decoction, regard it as the medicine of Shaoyang Original Classic. Evodia decoction, with its Anyangming qi, below the Yangming qi, the behavior is smooth, and vomiting will stop itself; the shaoyin qi will be handed over to Yangming Zhongtu, and the benefit will stop. If people only know that they are sweating away from evil, but do not know that they have the power of correcting and stopping sweating, every time they use Zhenwu Decoction or Baizhu Decoction, if they suspect ginger and go away, they will die because of the mistake of reading.

    11. "The Classics": Deodorizes and communicates with the gods.

    12. "Do not record": Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, cough and breath.

    13. Tao Hongjing: Return to the five internal organs, remove phlegm and lower qi, relieve vomiting, remove rheumatism, cold and heat.

    14. "Properties of Medicine": The main phlegm is full of water and qi, and the qi is lowered; the genital and dryness can be used to treat cough, cure the disease, stop vomiting and not eat. Shenghe Pinellia is in pain; if it is too hot to eat, drink it with juice and honey. Fried with juice and almonds, everything is firm, heart-stuck, cold and hot.

    15. "Qianjin·Shizhi": sweat, remove the odor on the diaphragm.

    16. "Diet Therapy Materia Medica": In addition to strong heat, cure tendons, full of heart. Stop reversal, relieve boredom, appetite.

    17. "Materia Medica Supplements": Juice detoxification medicine, blood-breaking regulation, removing cold and phlegm, appetizing.

    18. "Pearl Sac": to benefit the spleen and stomach, dispel wind and cold.

    19. "Medical Origin": Dehumidification in warming. System Magnolia, Pinellia poison.

    20. "Daily Use Materia Medica": treat typhoid fever, cold, headache, and adverse effects. Enter the lungs to appetite, remove the cold in the abdomen, and deodorize. Detoxification of mushrooms.

    21. "Conference Medical Mirror": simmering ginger, cures stomach cold, diarrhea, and acid.

    22. "Modern Practical Chinese Medicine": effective in treating intestinal colic.

    Harvesting and storage

    Harvested when the stems and leaves are yellow from October to December. Dig up the rhizomes, remove the stems, leaves and roots

    Resource distribution: It is widely cultivated in various provinces in central, southeast and southwest China.

    Selection

    Ginger Xiexin Decoction "Treatise on Febrile Diseases"; Guizhi Decoction, "Treatise on Febrile Diseases"; Ginger and Gancao Decoction, "Essential Prescriptions for Emergency Treatment"; Angelica Ginger and Mutton Soup "Golden Chambers Synopsis"; Ginger Banxia Soup "Golden Chambers Synopsis"

    Contraindications

    Yin deficiency internal heat and excess heat syndrome are forbidden to take.

    Modern research

    Main ingredients:

    Ginger contains volatile oil from 0.25% to 3.0%, and the main components are Zingiberol, Zingiberene, Phellandrene, Camphene, Citral, Linalool (Linalool), Methylheptenone, Nonyl aldehyde, d-Borneol, etc. It still contains the spicy ingredient gingerol (Gingerol), which is decomposed into a mixture of the oily spicy ingredient gingerenone (Shogaol) and the crystalline spicy ingredient Zingerone and Zingiberone. It also contains aspartin, pipecolic acid-2 (Pipecolic acid) and glutamic acid, aspartic acid, serine, glycine and so on. In addition, it still contains resinous substances and starch.

    Pharmacological effects:

    1. Effect on the digestive system   Ginger is an effective drug for the treatment of hydrochloric acid-ethanol ulcers. Its active ingredient is gingerene, which has the effect of protecting gastric mucosal cells. Among the aromatic herbal medicines, especially ginger plants contain terpenoid essential oils such as gingerene, which are one of the effective ingredients of the stomach medicines. Ginger decoction has a two-way effect of inhibition and excitement on the secretion of gastric acid and gastric juice in dogs. It is inhibited in the first few hours, and then followed by a longer period of excitement. Ginger decoction (10%) 1.2mg per rat can significantly inhibit hydrochloric acid-induced and stress-induced gastric mucosal damage. After blocking PG synthesis with indomethacin, the protective effect of ginger disappears, indicating its protective mechanism It may be related to the promotion of gastric mucosal synthesis and release of endogenous PG.

    Ginger can weaken the effect of pepsin and increase the effect of lipolytic enzymes. Ginger can severely destroy the amylase in pancreatin, and significantly reduce the digestion effect of pancreatin on starch. It can also inhibit β-amylase in amylase and hinder starch saccharification.

    Ginger can act on the sympathetic nerve and the vagus nervous system, inhibiting gastric function and directly exciting the gastric smooth muscle. Using the rat small intestine recirculation method to study the absorption promotion effect of sulfamidine, the results show that: the water extract of ginger has a significant absorption promotion effect, enhances its bioavailability, and gives full play to its curative effect.

    Ginger extract can inhibit the vomiting of dogs caused by copper sulfate. The mixture of gingerone and gingerenone isolated from ginger also has anti-vomiting effect. The minimum effective dose is 3mg. It is not effective for dog vomiting caused by central emetic drug apomorphine and pigeon vomiting caused by digitalis. It is believed that ginger has a peripheral antiemetic effect.

    Ginger ketone given to rabbits through the digestive tract can relax the bowel and decrease peristalsis. Ginger is a kind of anti-wind agent. It has a mild stimulating effect on the digestive tract. It can increase intestinal tension, rhythm and peristalsis, and sometimes decrease it. It can be used for intestinal colic caused by flatulence or other reasons.

    Experiments show that ginger oil has a therapeutic effect on carbon tetrachloride liver injury in rats and can reduce serum SGPT; it has a preventive effect on carbon tetrachloride liver injury in mice and can reduce BSP retention. Ginger-honey storage solution 5ml/kg gavage rats also has a therapeutic effect on carbon tetrachloride liver injury. Compared with the control group, serum SGPT and SGOT are significantly reduced, liver lobules are destroyed, liver cell fatty degeneration and necrosis are also It is lighter; it is also effective against liver damage in rats caused by 60% ethanol.

    2. The effect on the circulatory system and the respiratory system. Ginger alcohol extract has an excitatory effect on the vascular motor center and respiratory center of anesthetized cats, as well as a direct excitatory effect on the heart. Chewing 1g of ginger in a normal population (without swallowing it) can increase systolic blood pressure by an average of 1.489 kPa (11.2mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure by 1.862 kPa (14mmHg). There is no significant effect on the pulse rate.

    The water extract of ginger can significantly reduce the amount of TXB2 and PGS produced by human platelet marker arachidonic acid (AA), reduce the formation of peroxide in PG, and strongly inhibit platelet aggregation.

    3. The effect on the central nervous system: Ginger has an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system. Ginger oil can significantly inhibit the spontaneous activities of mice, prolong the sleep time of pentobarbital sodium, resist pentylenetetrazole convulsion, analgesia, and can reduce the body temperature of yeast-induced fever rats. The site of action on the central nervous system is above the spinal cord, and its mechanism may be related to the facilitating process of inhibiting excitatory synapses.

    Ginger oil 0.4ml/kg to rats has a significant inhibitory effect on egg white foot swelling. The effect is maintained for 5 hours, and the intensity is similar to aspirin 300mg/kg; 0.25ml/kg can significantly inhibit cotton. Globular granuloma, and atrophy of the thymus gland, and an increase in the weight of the adrenal gland, suggesting that its anti-inflammatory effect may be related to the excitement of the pituitary-adrenal cortex system. Ginger oil 0.25 ~ 0.4ml/kg gavage significantly inhibits mouse ear swelling caused by xylene and enhancement of capillary permeability caused by histamine or acetic acid. Intraperitoneal injection of fresh ginger injection of 5g/kg or 10g/kg in mice has obvious analgesic effect.

    4. Anti-pathogenic microorganism effect. Ginger extract has obvious inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus albicans, Typhoid bacillus, Shigella sonnei, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and its effect is dependent on the concentration. In particular, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus albicans have the strongest inhibitory effects. The effect of ginger root extract with HBsAg for 1 to 3 hours can significantly decrease the P/N value of HBsAg, but the decrease rate does not increase after more than 3 hours. The ginger water extract has a strong bactericidal effect on typhoid bacillus and Vibrio cholerae in vitro. It has an inhibitory effect on Trichophyton in the test tube. The ginger alcohol and gingerol in ginger rhizome have the effect of killing mollusks and schistosomiasis, and can be used to treat schistosomiasis.

    5. Antioxidant research shows that: ginger has an antioxidant effect. Add 5%-10% ginger slices to fat pork and boil it for 1~4 hours to prevent the pork from spoiling. Fat meat cooked in this way for 4 hours will have peroxide value (POV) and thiobarbituric acid value (TBA). ) Similar to fresh fat pork; fat pork boiled for 4 hours with 20% or 50% ginger and placed at 30°C for 90 days, its POV and TBA hardly change. The water, ethanol and ether extracts of ginger also have a significant inhibitory effect on the oxidation of potassium linoleate. There are reports that the addition of active oxygen scavengers or ginger extract can inhibit DNA damage caused by lipid peroxidation; ginger extract can also inhibit the production of active oxygen and the oxidation of linoleic acid.

    6. Other effects   ginger mud and ginger extract have obvious promoting effect on wound healing. Ginger juice can inhibit the growth of cancer cells to a certain extent. Adding ginger extract to some anti-tumor drugs can reduce the side effects of tumor drugs. Ginger has a significant blocking effect on the nitrosation reaction under the conditions of simulated gastric juice, and its active ingredients that inhibit the synthesis of nitrous acid are thermally stable. After being heated in boiling water for a long time, it still maintains a strong activity. Ginger extract has anti-allergic effects, can prevent anaphylactic shock and prevent urticaria caused by certain fish proteins.

    The legend of ginger

    One day, Su Shi was drinking tea with his literary friend Jiang Zhizhi. Jiang Zhizhi suggested: "Su Zi, let's refer to the thing sitting in the middle of the medicine as the name of the medicine." Su Shi repeatedly said in agreement: "Good! Good!" Zhizhi After a moment of contemplation, he said, "Jun is the name of medicine." Su Shi was puzzled. Zhizhi laughed and said: "Well, Su Zi!" Su Shi immediately said: "You are also the name of the medicine, not Magnolia, or Pinellia." Zhizhi was ignorant and asked why. Su Shi said: "If it weren't for Pinellia and Hopu, why would Jiang Zhi (make it) make it!" Zhizhi Paiyan exclaimed: "Wonderful! Wonderful!"

    What is the connection between "Ginger" and "Zhizhi"? It turns out that there are clean selection, cutting, and processing methods in the preparation of traditional Chinese medicine, the purpose of which is to ensure the quality of the medicine, improve the efficacy of the medicine, and ensure the safety of the medicine. The ginger method is one of many processing methods.

    According to legend, during the struggle between the Chu and Han dynasties, Liu Bang, the emperor of the Han Dynasty, fought in Yinshan, Henan, and suffered from plague. The local people offered a prescription "Ginger and Carrot Soup". After drinking it, Liu Bang's condition was greatly reduced, and the medicine was cured after drinking it.

    Ginger not only cured the emperor’s plague, but also saved many civilians.

    During the Tang Dynasty, there was a monk named Xingduan at Xiangji Temple in Chang'an. He went up to the southern Wutai Mountain to chop wood at night. After returning to the temple, he became a dumb man. Some said that this fascinated the monsters on the mountain; others said that they were afraid that he would be dumb by telling the truth about the mountain. Such a transmission scared the monks no longer dared to go up the mountain to chop wood.

    The abbot of Xiangji Temple hurriedly led the monks to do an eighty-one-day dojo in front of the Buddha, asking the Buddha to exorcise the demon, but to no avail, he still could not speak. At this time, Deshi, a monk who knew little about medical skills, suggested that the line should go to seek medical advice. Liu Tao, a superb medical expert in Chang'an City.

    De Shi accompanied Xing Duan to Chang'an, visited the famous doctor Liu Tao and detailed the cause of the illness. Liu Taojing inspected Yan Wang, diagnosed and signaled the pulse, and said: "Master will return first, and wait until I go up the mountain tomorrow to take a look before prescribing." In the early morning of the next day, Liu Tao came to the mountain, and after careful observation, he came to Xiangji Temple with confidence. He took a piece of ginger out of the medicine bag, and the husband said: "Master, please don't worry, please decoct the medicine as soon as possible. The medicine will be cured within three to five days." Although the abbot asked Xingduan to decoct the ginger, But he was always skeptical, so he deliberately kept Liu Tao in the temple for a few more days to see the curative effect. In addition, two days later, I took three doses of ginger decoction at the end of the line, the depression in my chest gradually resolved, and my throat was relaxed and refreshed. After taking three more doses, he was able to speak, and the monks in the temple were surprised.

    The abbot asked about the cause of the trip, and Liu Tao said: “This is caused by the novices who accidentally ate Pinellia in the mountains. Using ginger to get rid of the disease, it was not caused by a demon.” The monks also got rid of the heart disease and went up the mountain as usual. firewood.

    Identification of drug application

    Ginger has a pungent and cool skin, cures edema, and promotes skin water; ginger juice is pungent and warm, pungent to relieve stomach cold and has strong power, mostly used for vomiting; dried ginger is pungent and warm, warming incites cold, regaining yang and promoting pulse, warming spleen and cold, strong power The taste of ginger is hard to walk inside but not on the surface, and the temperature is lower than the cold of the coke; the charcoal is warm, which is partial to the cold of warm blood; the simmering ginger is bitter and warm, which is partial to the cold of the stomach. Ginger is pungent and disperses warmth, benefits the spleen and stomach, warms the middle and lowers the adverse effect and relieves vomiting, eliminates dampness and eliminates diarrhea, relieves cough and expectorant, takes the effect of lowering the adverse effect to relieve vomiting.

    Nature and flavor: pungent in taste; warm in nature

    Chemical Identification of Chinese Medicine

    Physical and chemical identification thin-layer chromatography: Divide 1g dried ginger, ground 5g ginger, add appropriate amount of methanol to each, shake and let stand for 1h, and filter. The filtrate was concentrated to about 1ml and used as the test solution. With linalool and 1,8-olein as the reference substance, they were spotted on the same silica gel G thin-layer plate, and petroleum ether-ethyl acetate (85:15 ) Expand and color with 1% vanillin sulfuric acid solution. The test solution chromatogram shows the same spot on the corresponding position of the reference substance chromatogram.

    The quality mark (Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China) in 1995 stipulates that this product contains no less than 0.8% (ml/g) of volatile oil.

    Medicinal materials

    It is the fresh rhizome of ginger, a plant of the ginger family.

    Dosage

    Oral administration: decoction, 1-5 grams; or mashed juice. Internal use: appropriate amount, pound and compress; or stir-fry and iron; or twist and mix in juice

    Source: "Chinese Materia Medica"

    Eating ginger in summer can cure four diseases

    In the hot summer, many homes and offices have air conditioners on. People are also prone to "air conditioning disease" while enjoying the cool breeze. It often manifests as abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea, colds, waist and shoulder pain and other symptoms. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that ginger has three major effects of sweating, relieving the surface, warming the stomach, relieving vomiting, and detoxifying. People in an air-conditioned environment often drink some ginger soup, which can effectively prevent "air-conditioning disease".

    Abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea:

    The belly button is the weakest part of the human body against the outside world. In summer, the secretion of gastric acid and digestive juice is reduced, and the ability to resist bacteria is weakened. In air-conditioned places, it is easy to be stimulated by cold and heat and cause gastrointestinal disorders. Invasion of pathogenic bacteria, gastrointestinal diseases such as vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea appear. Eating some ginger or drinking some ginger soup can play a preventive effect. Scientists have discovered that ginger can play the role of certain antibiotics, especially effective against Salmonella.

    flu:

    Often in an air-conditioned environment, due to the large temperature difference between indoor and outdoor, it is easy to experience wind chill. If you can eat a few slices of ginger in time or drink a bowl of brown sugar ginger soup, it will help dispel the cold and relieve the appearance, or use ginger soup (add a little salt, vinegar) to soak your feet in a good way.

    Waist and shoulder pain:

    In the midsummer, staying in the air-conditioned room for a long time, the shoulders and back are vulnerable to wind, cold, dampness and other pathogens. Especially the elderly are prone to periarthritis. In this case, you can make some hot ginger soup. Add a little salt and vinegar to the hot ginger soup, then soak it with a towel and wring it out, apply it to the affected area, and repeat it several times. This method can make the muscles relax from tension, relax muscles and promote blood circulation, which can greatly relieve pain.

    Ginger-men can't live without ginger for a hundred days

    According to the theory of Chinese medicine, ginger is a product that helps yang. Since ancient times, Chinese medicine has always said that "a man can't live without ginger for a hundred days." Song Dynasty poet Su Shi wrote in his "Dongpo Miscellaneous Notes" that the 80-year-old monk at Jingci Temple in Hangzhou Qiantang, with a childlike face, "pretended to be ginger for 40 years, so he is not old". Legend has it that the white lady robbed the fairy grass to save Xu Xian, and this fairy grass is ginger bud. Ginger is also called "Resurrection Grass", and ginger soup is also called "Resurrection Soup."

    Ginger contains volatile ginger ketones and gingerols, which have the functions of promoting blood circulation, dispelling cold, dehumidifying, and sweating. In addition, it also has the functions of invigorating the stomach and relieving vomiting, eliminating fishy odor and reducing edema. Therefore, doctors and folk proverbs say that "you can keep small ginger at home, and you don't panic for minor illnesses."

    The nutrient composition of ginger is similar to that of onion and garlic, it also contains protein, sugar, vitamins and other substances, and contains phytoantibiotics, its bactericidal effect is no less than that of onion and garlic. Ginger also contains more volatile oil, which can inhibit the body's absorption of cholesterol and prevent the accumulation of liver and serum cholesterol. The ginger soup made with ginger and brown sugar can invigorate the blood and expel the cold and prevent and treat colds. It has been a good diet medicine for colds since ancient times. When traveling, chew ginger or stick a piece of ginger on your belly button before departure. You can also smell it by the nose to prevent motion sickness and seasickness. Therefore, there is a saying among the folks that "carry a piece of ginger when you go out to keep you healthy".

    There was a patient who was found to have metastasis of cancer cells in the systemic lymphatic system during surgery and received chemotherapy. Due to conditioned vomiting, he lost 2 to 3 kilograms in each chemotherapy cycle and his health was seriously damaged. After adopting clinical nutritional support and conditioning the patient's diet, the patient is not forced to eat before receiving chemotherapy every morning, but he is asked to take a slice of thin ginger in his mouth, using the effects of fresh ginger to relieve vomiting and dispel cold. At four o'clock in the afternoon, taking advantage of the toxic peak period of the chemotherapy drugs has passed, eat multiple meals in small amounts to ensure that the patients receive sufficient heat and nutritional supplements. During the one-year treatment, the weight of the patient not only did not decrease, but increased by ten kilograms. The enhancement of immune function makes the patient's life lasting for another five years. The role of ginger here is indispensable.

    It should be noted that rotten ginger contains the toxic substance safrole, which is highly toxic to the liver, so once ginger is found rotten, it must not be eaten.

    Ginger helps reduce muscle pain

    "We know that ginger has an anti-inflammatory effect on rodents, but its effect on human muscle pain is basically unknown." said Patrick O'Connor, a professor in the Department of Kinesiology, College of Education, Georgia State University. Using ginger when cooking can effectively relieve muscle pain.

    Eating ginger can help relieve muscle pain! Professor O'Connor conducted two ginger trials to examine the effects of ginger consumed for 11 days and heat-treated ginger on muscle pain. There were 34 and 40 volunteers participating in the two studies. After lifting 18 weights to strain the arm muscles, they consumed capsules containing two grams of ginger or heat-treated ginger or a blank control agent for 11 consecutive days. On the 8th day, the arm function, inflammation and pain of volunteers who consumed the ginger capsules were significantly improved compared with the previous 3 days.

    Eating ginger can help relieve muscle pain! Studies have shown that eating ginger every day can reduce muscle pain caused by exercise by 25%, and ginger has the same effect of relieving muscle pain as heat-treated ginger.

    "The personal economic cost of treating muscle pain is extremely high," Professor O'Connor said. "Muscle pain is usually the most common type of pain. Anything that can really relieve this type of pain will be greatly welcomed."

    Eating ginger can help relieve muscle pain! Give it a try, you will definitely get good results.

    Contraindications for using ginger

    1. Don't peel it. Some people like to peel ginger, which can't bring out the overall effect of ginger. After washing the fresh ginger, cut into shreds.

    2. Those who are suffering from yin deficiency and fire, red eyes and internal heat, or who suffer from carbuncle sores, pneumonia, lung abscess, tuberculosis, gastric ulcer, cholecystitis, pyelonephritis, diabetes, and hemorrhoids, should not consume ginger for a long time.

    3. From the perspective of disease treatment, ginger brown sugar water is only suitable for patients with cold or cold stomach or fever after being exposed to rain. It cannot be used for patients with cold or wind-heat cold, nor can it be used to treat heat stroke. Taking fresh ginger juice can cure vomiting caused by cold, but not for other types of vomiting.

    4. Don't eat rotten ginger. Rotting ginger will produce a very toxic substance, which can cause degeneration and necrosis of liver cells and induce liver cancer and esophageal cancer.

    5. Eating ginger is not the better. The summer weather is hot, people are prone to dry mouth, polydipsia, sore throat, sweating. Ginger is pungent and warm. It is a hot food. According to the principle of "hot and cold", people should not eat more.

    Common sense of buying ginger

    Some merchants wanted to sell ginger well, but they smoked ginger with sulfur without conscience. After smoking, the appearance of ginger will turn yellow and bright. With this beautiful appearance, it is good for sale and can be sold at a good price. Long-term consumption of this smoked ginger is harmful to human health.

    How to distinguish ginger that has been smoked by sulfur?

    Smell it to check if there is any peculiar smell or sulfur smell on the surface of the ginger.

    Second taste If the ginger taste is not strong or the taste has changed, please buy with caution.

    Third look. Normal ginger is dry and dark in color. "Sulfur ginger" is softer and light yellow. Rub it with your hands and the ginger skin will peel off easily.

hemorrhoids zinc oxide,Inventor of Xiaozhiling- Introduction to the teacher's ethics and academic thinking of the famous anorectal expert Shi Zhaoqi

    1. Be a good example of others and be tireless in teaching others

    From October 1985 to October 1986, the first one-year national anorectal specialist improvement class was held in Xi'an by the Chinese Society of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The class was held under the premise that China's anorectal professionals were lacking in talents, and the purpose of running the class remembered that it was clearly stated in the admissions chapter of the "Chinese Medicine Daily" that it was intended to cultivate the young and middle-aged anorectal talents that China urgently needs. To this end, the society gathered a group of the most famous Chinese and Western medicine anorectal veterans such as Ding Zemin, Zhang Qingrong, Yu Dehong, Shi Zhaoqi, Zhang Dongming, Yin Boyue, Li Yunong, Lu Qi, Cao Jixun, Wang Chengye, Wang Yucheng, Wu Fei, Zhang Yousheng. , Li Runting, Wang Fanglin, Huang Naijian, Huang Chunlin, Peng Xianguang and nearly 20 domestic most famous anorectal experts and professors as teachers. I have the honor to participate in this once-in-a-lifetime, the highest level of anorectal teaching class since liberation. During the one-year study period, the learning content mainly includes the ancient Chinese medicine, the anorectal theory of Chinese and Western medicine, and the introduction of the clinical experience of the above anorectal experts. Among the many teachers, the deepest impression left by Professor Shi Zhaoqi is that he has a strong compassion and sense of responsibility for patients, and he is tireless in teaching others and being a teacher. In the study class, he repeatedly warned us that "anal function is very important. When performing an operation, we should take care of the patient's anal skin tissue as much as our own eyes." Professor Shi’s teachings have been deeply recorded in my mind and become my motto for anorectal patients in the future. Professor Shi also told us that when an anorectal doctor draws "three" diagrams, namely anal plan view, anal sagittal view, and coronal map, he can treat anorectal diseases (mainly hemorrhoids, anal Peripheral abscess, anal fistula, anal fissure, etc.) the location, number, size, shape, path of the lesion (fistula), and passing position (relationship between anal fistula and sphincter) are drawn very clearly. For more than 20 years, I have adhered to the three schematic diagrams of the anorectum emphasized by Professor Shi and benefited a lot.

    2. Intensive research on traditional Chinese medicine "non-invasive, minimal pain, and high-efficiency "Xiaozhiling and four-step injection operation method" brings good news to the majority of hemorrhoid patients.

    Professor Shi believes that "hemorrhoids is a common disease with a high incidence, and it is necessary to find a method of "simplicity, ease, defecation and effect" in the treatment, and put forward that "an ideal treatment method must pay attention to the following : (1) The short-term and long-term effects are satisfactory; (2) The treatment method is simple, the treatment course is short, and it is easy to promote; (3) The treatment is painless or almost painless; (4) No difficulty in urination and defecation; (6) No bleeding and Secondary hemorrhage, (6) no infection; (7) no sequelae such as anal stenosis and loose anus. It also emphasizes that: only by considering the above requirements, can a correct evaluation of a treatment method be made.

    The new treatment of Xiaozhiling "Xiaozhiling for three-stage hemorrhoids" invented by Professor Shi is non-invasive, mildly painful, highly effective, satisfactory long-term and short-term effects, no obvious sequelae, economical and cheap, and it can be said to perfectly meet the above treatment requirements. . Professor Shi's profound understanding of the treatment of anorectal diseases and his scientific, rigorous and innovative attitude in evaluating a new treatment method for anorectal diseases still have great guiding and practical significance for our current clinical and scientific research work.

    The four-step method of Xiaozhiling to inject hemorrhoids generally requires a larger dose (about 50-100ml each time). Due to the large number of puncture points, the needle used is thicker (No. 5), and the liquid is easy to overflow from the needle hole after injection. The effective dose that can be retained in the hemorrhoids has been greatly discounted. In the past 20 years, the author has repeatedly observed the principle of the four-step operation of Xiaozhiling, and tried the two-step method of small dose (about 20cm in total) and small needle (using skin test needle) (inject 1 in the suprahemorrhoidal artery area). First, balance the needle at the lowest part of the internal hemorrhoids in the dental line to the highest part of the internal hemorrhoids once) Simplify the Xiaozhiling injection method for internal hemorrhoids and Xiaozhiling injection. Due to the small (small) injection points and injection holes, the liquid medicine is not easy to overflow and overflow. Hemorrhoids can retain more liquid medicine to the utmost extent, resulting in the same therapeutic effect as the Xiaozhiling four-step method, but the dose of Xiaozhiling injection is reduced by more than one and a half compared with the conventional Xiaozhiling four-step method, and after injection The discomfort of anal drop was significantly reduced.

    3. Treat complete rectal mucosal prolapse with double injection of Xiaozhiling.

    The Xiaozhiling invented by Professor Shi has obvious astringent and solidifying effect, not only for internal hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids mainly internal hemorrhoids, but also for mild and moderate rectal prolapse. In September 1986, during the internship at Guang'anmen Hospital when I participated in the first training course for anorectal physicians in China, I had the honor to follow Professor Shi to a hospital in Beijing to treat a female patient with severe rectal prolapse. The patient was about 60 years old.He has been suffering from rectal prolapse for more than 2 years. The examination revealed that the patient's rectum prolapsed from the anus about 8cm, the surface was dark red, and the blood was dripping. The diagnosis was full-thickness rectal prolapse. Professor Shi believes that full-thickness rectal prolapse occurs at the attachment point of the sigmoid colon and rectum (fixed point), and the focus of treatment is to fix the attachment point of the sectorectum. After successful sacral anaesthesia, the patient undergoes strict perianal and intra-anal disinfection. He first injects Xiaozhiling with a concentration of Xiaozhiling 1:1 (1 part of Xiaozhiling stock solution and 1 part of 1% procaine) in the rectal submucosa. Ling, then insert a needle into the mucosa of the rectum 8-10cm, in a multi-point or columnar injection, focusing on the submucosal injection at the junction of the rectum and the sigmoid colon, each injection is about 3cm, the total amount is about 30-40cm. (2) High injection method around the rectum: After the rectal mucosa is injected with Xiaozhiling, the needles are inserted outside the rectum at 3, 6, and 9 o'clock outside the anus at 3, 6, and 9 o'clock from the anal edge, and then the needles arrive at both sides in turn. After the pelvic rectal space and the posterior rectal space, first suck back the blood without returning blood, and then withdraw the needle while injecting Xiaozhiling into the above space. Xiaozhiling 1:1 solution is about 10cm on each side. Make the high position of the rectum and the surrounding tissues produce aseptic adhesion and fixation. Just like using sutures as a fixed suture, the rectum is restored to its original position and fixed with the surrounding tissues, so that it will no longer protrude outside the anus. In order to improve the therapeutic effect and prevent postoperative infections, Professor Shi repeatedly emphasized when demonstrating injections that whether it is for hemorrhoids or rectal prolapse injections, the following issues should be paid attention to: (1) Pay attention to strict aseptic operation. Sterilize the injection site and change the injection needle. (2) When performing rectal prolapse injection, inject Xiaozhiling into the left and right and posterior spaces of the rectum accurately under the guidance of the index finger. (3) After injection, it is necessary to fully press the injection site to make the liquid medicine evenly distributed to prevent induration and necrosis caused by excessive concentration of the liquid medicine. For more than 20 years, the author keeps in mind the teacher’s teachings, strictly implements aseptic operation and related operating procedures, and has injected Xiaozhiling into nearly 100 patients with mild to moderate rectal prolapse, and all have achieved satisfactory treatment results without any complications. Symptoms and sequelae occur.

    Typical case: Tan, female, 79 years old. First visit on August 20, 2001. Complaints of prolapsed anal and vaginal masses, pain, and blood dripping for 1 year and 8 months after defecation or walking, squatting. The check was thin, pale, with pale red tongue and no moss. The pulse string is thin and weak. The total protein was 56.67g/l in the biochemical examination. There was a ring-shaped mass prolapsed from the anus in the specialist examination, which was about 8cm long in a spiral column shape and dark red in color. Surface hyperemia, edema, erosion, bloody secretions, wet clothes and pants. Finger examination anus is loose and can enter the three transverse fingers. The rectum recedes into the anus and then comes out of the anus. There is an oval-shaped mass protruding outside the vagina, gray and dark. Diagnosis 1 complete rectal prolapse (Chinese medicine deficiency of both qi and blood, depression of the middle qi type) 2. Uterine prolapse is 2 degrees.

    Treatment: After admission, double-layer injection of Xiaozhiling rectal prolapse + multi-point ligation + anal fixation was performed. Routinely disinfect and spread towels after successful saddle anesthesia.

    Surgical steps:

    1. In order to ensure the therapeutic effect of rectal prolapse, the uterus is reset and returned to the vagina before injection, and then the vagina is closed temporarily, only the urethral opening is exposed and the urinary catheter is catheterized, and the suture is removed one week later.

    2. During the operation, the prolapsed rectum was first sent back into the anus, and the middle and upper rectal mucosa were injected into the middle and upper rectal mucosa with a 1:1 solution of Xiaozhiling and normal saline in a columnar shape, a total of 40ml for each point of 2-3ml. After mucosal injection, fully press the soft surface mucosa to distribute the liquid evenly.

    3. Perianal multi-point cross reticulation injection. Re-sterilize the perianal area. Use the dental injection needle to reach the presacral space from a distance of 1.5 cm away from the anal edge at 6 o'clock under the guidance of the left index finger. After the blood is returned, the needle is withdrawn and the medicine is injected for a total of 5 cm. Then withdraw the needle to 6 subcutaneously and then perform cross-net injections at 5 and 7 o'clock respectively, according to the law from 9 o'clock as the center and to 8, 10 and 3 o'clock as the center and inject both sides to 2 and 4 o'clock Space around the rectum. In order to strengthen the treatment effect, at 12 o'clock, the mucosa was injected with 5ml of Xiaozhiling 1:1 solution according to the above method.

    4. Lower rectal mucosal ligation and fixation: Lift the loose rectal mucosa near the anus at 12 o'clock, clamp the base with hemostatic forceps, and ligate with 10 gauge silk thread. Treat loose rectal mucosa at 3, 6, and 9 points in accordance with the law.

    5. External sphincter folding and anal fixation make a 3cm incision from the anal margin at 6 o’clock, remove part of the skin and part of the subcutaneous tissue, insert a hemostatic forceps, separate the superficial external sphincter, and fold it and suture it with No. 000 absorption thread 2 Needle, and then stitch the outer incision with 3 stitches until the anus can accommodate a finger width.

    The wound was routinely disinfected and dressing changed, and stitches were removed within 7 days. Plus take Chinese medicine for replenishing yin, nourishing yin, nourishing the middle and solidifying the body: 30g each of Taizishen, Astragalus, Jinyingzi, Shanyu meat, Cohosh, Rehmanniae 15, 15g of donkey-hide gelatin (Huahua), 10g each of Cohosh and Phellodendron amurense. Take 1 oral daily. Result: He recovered and was discharged after 15 days of hospitalization. No complications and sequelae such as anal incontinence, infection and difficulty in defecation occurred, and no recurrence occurred after 7 years of follow-up

    What was particularly unforgettable was that on the evening of December 18, Professor Shi was considering returning to Beijing. Despite the exhaustion of more than 10 days, he personally came to my residence, had a long conversation with me, and unreservedly taught him his knowledge. The precious diagnosis and treatment technology and experience of hemorrhoids, anal fistulas, anal fissures, ulcerative colitis, allergic enteritis (irritable bowel syndrome), colorectal polyps, etc. accumulated over the past ten years. While talking, Professor Shi wrote down the main points of diagnosis and treatment of the above-mentioned diseases in my notebook. When talking about ulcerative colitis, Professor Shi said, "Colonoscopy is very important for inflammatory bowel disease. When performing colonoscopy (in the order of notes at the time), you should pay attention to the following issues:

    (1) Observation content: 1. (colon) mucosal morphology: normal pink with clear blood vessels 2. (Observation) Secretion: No obvious secretion under normal conditions.

    (2) Pathology (during microscopic examination, the pathological tissue will be taken and sent for pathological examination at the same time)

    1. Mucosal hyperemia, edema, vascular appearance, and mesh- (reminder) acute inflammation.

    2. The mucosa is locally pale, thickened, and has (rough) rough blood vessels—indicating long-term chronic inflammation or inflammation recovery.

    3. Ulcers (multiple, sporadic, punctate, or isolated ulcers)

    4. Pseudo polyps (single, multiple, ulcer bleeding between polyps).

    5. Polyps, cancers. Polyps without pedicles may become cancerous. Polyps with pedicles are mostly benign and flattened. Most flat ulcers become cancerous.

    6. Abnormal discharge (increased, mucus, serous)

    7. Vascular morphology and disease stage

    8. Secretions   any abnormal secretions must be taken out for smear examination and sent for culture (understand whether there are paracolitic bacteria, tuberculosis, cocci, mold, trichomoniasis, amoeba, dysentery, etc.)

    9. Stool: for pathogen culture, occult blood test

    Patients with colitis are prone to repeat the procedure, and each case requires multiple pre-fecal examinations.

    (3) The most talked about is the diagnosis of colitis and the treatment of Chinese medicine.

    1. Colitis classification

    (1). Specific ulcerative colitis (caused by bacteria, molds, amoeba, etc.)

    (2). Non-specific ulcerative colitis (with unknown cause) is divided into three types: mild, moderate and severe) Take the number of diarrhea as an example:

    Mild-symptomatic diarrhea 3 times/day↓

    Medium-symptomatic diarrhea 3~5 times/day

    Severe—symptomatic diarrhea 5 times/day↑

    (3). Hypersensitivity (irritable bowel syndrome)-colonoscopy without organic disease.

    (4) Treatment of colitis with Chinese medicine

    Classification and treatment:

    The treatment of damp-heat type is suitable for clearing heat and removing dampness, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, using Baitouweng decoction.

    (1) The type of spleen deficiency and dampness is suitable for strengthening the spleen and dispelling dampness. Add and subtract Shenlingbaizhusan.

    (2) The spleen and kidney deficiency type is suitable for the treatment of spleen and kidney supplementation, strengthening the body and strengthening the foundation. Use ten tonic decoctions combined with Angelica Sini Decoction.

    He emphatically pointed out: If you have long-term lower abdomen pain, you should pay attention to blood stasis and qi depression, and you can add anti-depression and blood-activating medicine on the basis of TCM syndrome differentiation.

    Allergic colitis (irritable bowel syndrome)

    It is more common in women and often has a history of mental stimulation. The treatment mainly implies therapy (Note: psychotherapy)

    Chinese medicine: ebony pill or ebony decoction

    Constipation or dry feces (a lump of sheep dung) plus Sini Powder are treated with Citrus aurantium, Radix Paeoniae Rubra, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Rhubarb, etc.

    Nonspecific colitis

    Western medicine: compound salicylic acid and sulfasalazine, long-term use (six months to 2 years).

    Colitis enema prescription:

    Gardenia, Patriniacea, Sanhuang (Coptis, Phellodendron, Huang Cen), Galla Chinensis, Baiji, Puffball, etc. Choose 3 to 5 Chinese herbal medicines for each dose and use 100-200ml retention enema to remove the residue after decoction.

    Severe diarrhea: pay attention to supplementing protein, amino acids, vitamins, etc.

    The above precious record has been cherished in my study room.

    5. Love the anorectal business in Guangdong and Zhongshan

    Professor Shi Zhaoqi's great contribution to the cause of the anorectal in China will forever shine in the history of the anorectal in China. Professor Shi Zhaoqi, a generation of anorectal Chinese medicine master, will always live in our hearts.

    Reference

    1. Du Yong "Biography of Chinese Science and Technology Experts. Biography of Shi Zhaoqi

    2. Shi Zhaoqi et al. Questions and answers on colorectal diseases. Beijing: Science and Technology Literature Press, 1982

    3. Shi Zhaoqi et al. Chinese Colorectal Diseases. Zhengzhou: Henan Science and Technology Press, 1985

    4. Shi Zhaoqi. The standard of Xiaozhiling and its treatment. Chinese Anorectal Journal, 1987, (2).

hemorrhoids zinc oxide,Colorectal cancer screening, don’t be afraid of colonoscopy

    2015-04-14 05:27:05 Source: Nanfang Daily (Guangzhou)

    Nanfang Daily reporter Li Jie

    Intern Lin Zongke Correspondent Jian Wenyang

    https://news.163.com/15/0414/05/AN4V804S00014AED.html

    Cancer prevention

    Li Chujun suggested that middle-aged and elderly people aged 40 to 74 with a high incidence of colorectal cancer should be checked regularly and screened in time. High-risk groups should be more vigilant, such as frequent abdominal distension, discomfort, changes in bowel habits, and repeated blood in the stool. Consider that the hospital does colorectal cancer screening.

    Over 40 years old is at risk of cancer

    Colorectal cancer is medically called colorectal cancer, which is a collective term for rectal cancer and colon cancer. The occurrence of colorectal cancer has a lot to do with bad eating habits. People who eat high protein and high fat often have more anaerobic bacteria in the intestine, which can decompose bile acid into unsaturated polycyclic hydrocarbons, which is a carcinogen. In addition, the intake of cellulose foods is small, the feces are stored for too long, and carcinogens accumulate, which can easily lead to colorectal cancer.

    Li Chujun reminded us to pay attention to the high-risk factors of colorectal cancer: if I am over 40 years old, I have a history of cancer, intestinal polyps, or first-degree relatives (ie father, mother, siblings, children) have a history of colorectal cancer; in addition, if I have Two or more of the following conditions, such as chronic diarrhea that has lasted more than 3 months in the past two years, chronic constipation for more than two months per year; history of mucus or blood in the stool, history of chronic appendicitis or appendicitis, chronic cholecystitis or gallbladder History of resection; major trauma experience in the past 20 years, you should go to the hospital for electronic colonoscopy in time.

    Colorectal cancer is often mistaken for hemorrhoids

    "Many patients who have blood in the stool often think it is hemorrhoids, and there is no major problem." Yang Zuli said, this is actually a misunderstanding.

    Li Junchu talked about a case that impressed him: a 50-year-old lady who has suffered from hemorrhoids for many years and has had blood in the stool repeatedly in recent years, but because of her busy work she did not go to the hospital for examination, thinking that the bleeding was caused by hemorrhoids. Later, I went to the hospital because of the unbearable pain, but the doctor found a tumor in a place close to the hemorrhoids through an anal examination, and finally diagnosed as colorectal cancer.

    The common people often say "nine hemorrhoids in ten people". The most common symptom of hemorrhoids is blood in the stool, which is exactly similar to the clinical manifestations of colorectal cancer-colorectal cancer, especially rectal cancer, has no other discomfort except blood in the stool in the early stage.

    Blood in the stool is one of the common symptoms of colorectal cancer in the early stage. Because the lesion is close to the anus, the blood color is mostly bright red or dark red. When the amount of bleeding is relatively large, the stool will be brown-red and jam-like. Changes in bowel habits and traits also need attention. Patients with rectal cancer may have more stools, or stools may become thin and deformed; if the cancer grows into the rectal cavity, the stool may be flat and there may be some bloodshot eyes on the stool.

    Therefore, patients with blood in the stool, whether they have hemorrhoids or not, should go to the hospital regularly for rectal or colonoscopy. When you find symptoms such as bloody stools that are common with hemorrhoids, you must consider eliminating other diseases of the intestine. In the treatment of hemorrhoids, attention should also be paid to symptoms such as long-term no significant improvement in symptoms or recurring blood in the stool.

    Early screening is the most valuable

    Compared with other tumors, the occurrence of bowel cancer has to go through the pathological process of polyps, adenomas, and tumors. It takes a longer time to develop from preclinical lesions to tumors. Therefore, early screening is the most valuable for bowel cancer, Li Chujun said. Many malignant tumors that occur in the colon or rectum, if they can be diagnosed and treated early, the effect is very satisfactory.

    Although the concept of colonoscopy health examination is gradually being accepted by the public, the situation is still not optimistic. In clinical experience, colonoscopy is performed on a regular basis, most of which are those with better economic conditions and higher social status; those with poorer economic conditions often come to see a doctor when there is obvious discomfort, but it is in the late stage and treatment is difficult The treatment effect is not good and the cost is huge. In fact, the cost of treatment for an advanced patient is enough to do hundreds of early screenings. Li Chujun said that in view of the current people's eating habits and living conditions, the concept of intestinal health inspection should be established. Regular intestinal inspections are beneficial to stay away from colorectal cancer.

    link

    Know more about colonoscopy

    1. Colonoscopy: ordinary colonoscopy, painless colonoscopy (anesthesia colonoscopy).

    2. Preparation before colonoscopy: Thorough intestinal cleansing, so that the examination can be carried out more smoothly and to ensure the accuracy of the examination.

    3. Time to take the intestinal cleansing agent: morning examiner: take it the night before examination; afternoon examiner: take it in the morning on the day of examination Those undergoing anesthesia enteroscopy are required to take it 6 hours before the examination.

    4. Those undergoing anesthesia enteroscopy must be accompanied by family members, and it is not suitable for driving and working at heights on the day.

    5. Eating time after examination: For ordinary colonoscopy, you can eat after the examination; for anesthetized colonoscopy, you can eat after you are fully awake. For those who have undergone endoscopic treatment, the doctor will make an individualized explanation based on the condition.

what does a hemorrhoids look like,How to see a doctor for blood in the stool?

    Blood in the stool can be stool with blood, bloodshot eyes, mucus blood in the stool, a lot of blood in the stool, tarry black blood in the stool, etc. Blood in the stool should be taken seriously. It is important to know what caused the bleeding. Common causes of blood in the stool include intestinal inflammation, polyps, malignant tumors, hemorrhoids, vascular malformations, etc. The treatment methods for various causes are different. At present, due to the different levels of doctors and the country has not yet standardized diagnosis and treatment, the diagnosis and treatment of hematochezia is confusing. During the diagnosis and treatment, hemorrhoids, missing tumors, or tumor polyps should be treated for enteritis, or inflammatory bowel disease should be treated as general infectious enteritis. Irregular diagnosis and treatment, such as treatment, are common. Some delay diagnosis and treatment, and some spend time and money in vain. They also make themselves and their family nervous and affect work and life. In fact, blood in the stool is a good reminder to seek medical attention. If you find blood in the stool, especially repeated blood in the stool, you must clarify the cause. It is very simple to determine the cause. A colonoscopy can diagnose bleeding caused by colon lesions. A gastroscope can confirm the esophagus and stomach. Bleeding caused by diodenal diseases, capsule endoscopy and enteroscopy can clarify the bleeding caused by small bowel diseases. After clarifying the cause, treating the cause can achieve good results and reduce costs, such as polyps, tumors, and vascular malformations. Most of them can be treated under endoscopic treatment and can be cured. Some malignant tumors require surgical treatment. Inflammatory bowel disease Need to use special salicylic acid drugs, hemorrhoid patients pay attention to diet to prevent constipation and hemorrhoids can get better, and only a small part of them need surgery. It is a pity that some friends wash out the stool without looking at it after removing the stool and lose the opportunity to find the disease early.

are hemorrhoids dangerous,Colonoscopy can save lives! In these 22 cases, colonoscopy must be done!

    Colonoscopy is the most important method for early detection of colorectal cancer. It inserts the colonoscope into the intestinal cavity through the anus to observe whether there are any lesions in the entire large intestine cavity. It can also clamp small pieces of lesion tissue for pathological examination, which is helpful Make a clear diagnosis and judge the severity of the condition, and then guide treatment. With the increasing maturity of endoscopic technology and the continuous advancement of EMR and ESD technologies, colonoscopy can also be used to remove colorectal polyps and early cancer, and can also be used to stop bleeding under colonoscopy.

    Colonoscopy is necessary for these 22 conditions:

    (1) Those who have symptoms such as blood in the stool, melena, or long-term stool occult blood test is positive;

    (2) Those with mucus, pus and blood in stool;

    (3) People with frequent bowel movements, unformed stools, or diarrhea;

    (4) Those who have had difficulty in defecation or have irregular bowel movements recently;

    (5) Stool becomes thin and deformed;

    (6) People with long-term abdominal pain and bloating;

    (7) Unexplained weight loss or wasting;

    (8) People with anemia of unknown cause;

    (9) Abdominal masses of unknown cause, requiring a clear diagnosis;

    (10) Unexplained elevated CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen);

    (11) Long-term chronic constipation, who cannot be cured for a long time;

    (12) Chronic colitis, long-term medication, who does not heal for a long time;

    (13) Suspected colon tumor, but negative on barium enema X-ray examination;

    (14) CT or other examinations of the abdomen reveal suspicious thickening of the bowel wall, and colorectal cancer needs to be excluded.

    (15) In patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding, hemorrhage lesions can be found under colonoscopy to determine the cause of the bleeding, and he can be stopped under the microscope if necessary.

    (16) Patients who have had schistosomiasis, ulcerative colitis and other diseases.

    (17) Colonoscopy needs to be reviewed regularly after colorectal cancer surgery. Patients after colorectal cancer surgery generally need a colonoscopy every 6 months to 1 year. If the colonoscopy fails to check all the colon due to colonic obstruction before the operation, colonoscopy should be performed 3 months after the operation to determine whether there are colon polyps or colon cancer lesions in other undetected parts.

    (18) Those who have been found to have colon polyps and need to be removed under colonoscopy;

    (19) Colonoscopy should be reviewed regularly after colorectal polypectomy. Pathological polyps such as villous adenoma, serrated adenoma, and high-grade epithelioma are prone to recurrence and cancer. It is recommended to review colonoscopy every 3-6 months. For other types of polyps, colonoscopy is generally recommended every 12 months. If the recheck colonoscopy is negative, you can recheck after 3 years.

    (20) People with a family history of colorectal cancer should undergo colonoscopy: if one person in the family has colorectal cancer, even if his immediate family members (parents, children, siblings) have no symptoms or discomfort, they should undergo a physical examination for colon Mirror inspection. A large number of studies have proved that if a person has colorectal cancer, his immediate family members (parents, children, siblings) are 2-3 times more likely to have colorectal cancer than the normal population, and these people are high-risk groups.

    (21) People with a family history of colorectal polyps also need to undergo colonoscopy.

    (22) People over the age of 40, especially those who have a long-term high-protein and high-fat diet and long-term alcoholism, are best to undergo a colonoscopy routine physical examination to detect asymptomatic early colorectal cancer as soon as possible.

    Special Note!

    1. Blood in the stool ≠ hemorrhoids!

    The incidence of hemorrhoids is very high, and blood in the stool is the most common clinical manifestation of hemorrhoids, so many people think that blood in the stool is caused by hemorrhoids. This view is extremely wrong, because many other diseases can also cause blood in the stool, such as colon cancer, rectal cancer, anal fissure, and rectal hemangioma.

    2. Hematochezia is the most important clinical manifestation of colorectal cancer.

    At the same time, blood in the stool is also a common symptom of dozens of anorectal diseases such as hemorrhoids, anal fissure, and enteritis. Therefore, it is impossible to determine the true cause of the disease based on blood in the stool. When hematochezia and melena recur, go to a regular hospital for colonoscopy in time to avoid delay in diagnosis.

    3. Hemorrhoids will not cause rectal cancer, but hemorrhoids can be accompanied by rectal cancer at the same time.

    Hemorrhoids are a benign disease that will not evolve into rectal cancer, but patients who have hemorrhoids can also get rectal cancer. It should be taken seriously.

    4. Patients with hemorrhoids with blood in the stool should be highly suspected of rectal cancer.

    The main symptoms of hemorrhoids and rectal cancer are blood in the stool. Some patients have a history of hemorrhoids, so as long as they have blood in the stool, they are considered to be bleeding from hemorrhoids. The blood in the stool caused by rectal cancer will also get better after hemorrhoid suppository treatment, but after a period of time, blood in the stool will appear again, recurring, and it will not heal for a long time. At this time, you should go to a regular hospital as soon as possible for digital rectal examination and colonoscopy to rule out the possibility of colorectal cancer.

2020年12月31日星期四

hemorrhoids and anal fissures,Painless and minimally invasive anorectal surgery

    Since the first in our province to carry out the [Painless and Minimally Invasive Surgery for Anorectal Diseases], Gastro-Colon Surgery has brought real gospel to the majority of patients with anorectal diseases, turning the extremely painful surgery and the recent painful postoperative pain into a dream Enjoy the treatment process as usual. At present, we not only carry out painless hemorrhoids, anal fistula, lordosis, and outlet obstructive constipation surgery, but also combine our innovative technology TEM surgery to provide patients with painless and minimally invasive perfect treatment. The patients who received [Painless and Minimally Invasive Surgery for Anorectal Disease] reported extremely well. Because our technical characteristics are not only painless, but also minimally invasive and rapid recovery. Most of the postoperative dressings do not need to be changed, and no auxiliary treatment such as sitz bath fumigation is needed. In this way, the patient's hospital stay is extremely short, and many operations can be discharged within 24 hours. These patients sincerely said, "It is really lucky to choose to come to the First Hospital of Jilin University for painless anorectal surgery", and our doctors really feel: It is happiness to be able to use advanced technology to solve the pain perfectly for patients.

    Below: Associate Professor Sun Donghui and Professor Li Yongqi, the founder of Painless Anorectal Surgery, at the second conference of the National Painless Anorectal Surgery Alliance

    Bottom: The old man after hemorrhoid surgery said in surprise, “It’s been three days since the operation, and I have had bowel movements. Why doesn’t it hurt at all?” (An old man who has suffered from hemorrhoids for many years has not dared to operate because he is afraid of postoperative pain. Painless anorectal surgery to relieve pain

    Bottom: A 9-year-old girl suffering from congenital anal fistula. She has been afraid of pain and dare not to operate. Painless anorectal surgery without pain

    Bottom: After painless anorectal surgery, the patient can walk off the operating table with a smile like this and walk back to the ward by himself

    Below: Academic leader Professor Sun Donghui and his performance report.

hemorrhoids essential oils,Talk about the treatment of constipation

    Constipation is a common disease. About 10% of healthy people have experienced constipation of varying degrees. According to incomplete statistics, chronic constipation in Beijing and other large cities in China is as high as 15%-20%. Women are significantly more harmful than men. Constipation can cause many cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and aggravate the primary diseases, such as uremia and hepatic encephalopathy. ; Lead to colon cancer, Alzheimer's disease, memory loss, affective mental disorders, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, etc.

    General constipation can be divided into secondary constipation and primary constipation. Secondary constipation is caused by intestinal tumors and inflammation, metabolic and endocrine diseases, neurological and mental diseases, systemic diseases or drug factors. The primary disease is also called functional constipation. From the pathogenesis, it can be divided into three types: slow transmission type, outlet obstruction type, and mixed type. Slow transit type decreased gastrointestinal motility, also known as colonic weakness. Mostly manifested as reduced bowel movements and dry stools. Outlet obstruction refers to the abnormal function of the rectum or anal orifice, which leads to temporary anatomical obstruction of the rectum and anus, and poor stool outlet. Most of the manifestations are that the defecation time is significantly prolonged, the defecation is abnormally laborious, and even the stool is still difficult to defecate, and there is a feeling of incomplete defecation. The hybrid type has both. It can be used for identification such as digital rectal examination, total gastrointestinal transmission test, defecography, anorectal pressure measurement, colon pressure measurement, and balloon discharge test. If the patient is over 50 years of age, acute onset or progressive constipation, or stool with fresh blood or mucus, or anemia, melena, weight loss, etc., be alert to the presence of organic diseases, especially tumors, as soon as possible For related examinations, such as colonoscopy and barium enema, the causes of obstructive constipation are usually diagnosed with defecation imaging.

    Poor export habits are related to it, such as squatting for too long, long-term forcefulness, and inattentive reading and newspaper reading when going to the toilet. It is also related to the patient's physical state, such as weak physique, and maternity. Pelvic floor spasm syndrome or other types of outlet obstructive constipation can be resolved by biofeedback and behavioral therapy in mild cases, but in severe cases it must be resolved by surgery. Biofeedback therapy is to establish people's normal bowel behavior through sound or image feedback. At present, Jingzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine has developed this technology.

    So what exactly is biofeedback therapy? what is the purpose? What diseases can be treated? Under normal circumstances, humans cannot perceive various physiological activities in the body, such as the digestion of food, the contraction of smooth muscles, etc., and biofeedback treatment can allow patients to observe their own physiological activity information. In short, biofeedback therapy is a biological behavior therapy method, which is to use special equipment to collect information about one's own physiological activities, process and amplify it, and display it with familiar visual or auditory signals, so that the cerebral cortex can establish a relationship with these organs. Feedback connection; enable the patient to "know the self", and under the condition of self-knowledge, through countless feedbacks, continuous positive and negative attempts, learn to control physiological activities at will, correct physiological activities that deviate from the normal range, and make the patient achieve " The purpose of changing yourself.

    Generally, the treatment of constipation should be a comprehensive treatment. First of all, you should adjust your diet and drink a lot of water. The daily drinking amount is about 2000-3000ml. In the morning, it should account for 1/4 to 1/3 of the whole day drinking. Eat more crude fiber Vegetables and fruits, eat less high-fat, high-calorie, low-fiber foods, followed by improving life and bowel habits, defecate regularly every day, preferably in the morning after getting up. Do not defecate too long or too hard each time, otherwise it will cause prolapse in the rectal mucosa and aggravate constipation. Massage the abdomen 200 times in a clockwise direction before going to bed every night. The primary disease should be treated for the primary disease, such as diabetes and hypothyroidism. For slow transit constipation, you can usually drink porridge with raw atractylodes, raw astragalus, lily, etc., or use cassia seed and raw rhubarb to soak in boiled water instead of tea, but note that these laxatives are irritant laxatives and cannot be taken for a long time, otherwise they will Cause melanosis of the colon. Constipation is an independent disease and a clinical symptom of many diseases. Most of the onset takes a long time, with intermittent onsets, with light and heavy periods, which are related to people's diet, living habits, and mood changes. Syndrome differentiation of TCM is based on the deficiency of the underlying evidence. Essential deficiency refers to weakness of the spleen and stomach or deficiency of both spleen and kidney, or deficiency of liver and kidney yin, while the sign of solid refers to stagnation of liver and qi, stagnation of food and phlegm, and stagnation of qi and blood. The treatment should be based on the specific conditions to invigorate the spleen and qi, warm the kidneys and help yang, or nourish water and nucleus, combined with the treatments such as regulating qi and relaxing the liver, eliminating food and promoting stagnation, resolving phlegm and reducing stress, and promoting blood circulation and stasis. Usually rectal protrusion, rectal mucosal prolapse, pelvic floor hernia, perineal descent syndrome, most of which are weak spleen and subsidence of qi, can be treated with Buzhong Yiqi Decoction during treatment; pelvic floor spasm syndrome, internal anal sphincter Most patients with achalasia have psychological disorders. The treatment focuses on soothing the liver, regulating the qi, calming the nerves, and can be treated with Chaihu Shugan powder; puborectalis syndrome has muscle cell degeneration, which can be treated by promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, or reducing abdomen Treatment with Zhuyu Decoction or Dahuang Mudan Decoction; isolated rectal ulcer syndrome, which is mostly damp-heat betting, can be treated with Baitouweng Decoction, Gegen Qinlian Decoction, etc.; if the rectal protrusion is caused by puerpera or elderly physical weakness, It can be treated with Sijunzi Decoction and Zengye Decoction or Bazhen Decoction. The young people's constipation is mostly caused by abnormal bowel habits, which can correct bad bowel habits. Chinese medicine is given to Chaihu Shugan Powder and Didang Pills.

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